Ñeembucú Department

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Ñeembucú Department
Departamento de Ñeembucú
Flag of Ñeembucú Department
Coat of arms of Ñeembucú Department
Coat of arms
Ñeembucu shown in red
Ñeembucu shown in red
Coordinates: 26°52′S 58°18′W / 26.867°S 58.300°W / -26.867; -58.300Coordinates: 26°52′S 58°18′W / 26.867°S 58.300°W / -26.867; -58.300
Country  Paraguay
Region Eastern Region
Established 1776
Capital Pilar
Largest city Pilar
 • Governor Pedro Alliana Rodriguez (National Republican Association)
 • Total 12,147 km2 (4,690 sq mi)
Area rank 10
Population (2007)[1]
 • Total 82,846
 • Rank 16
 • Density 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-04)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-03)
ISO 3166 code PY-12
Number of Districts 16

Ñeembucú (Spanish pronunciation: [ɲembuˈku]; Guaraní: Ñe'ẽmbuku) is a department located in the south of the Eastern Region of Paraguay. The capital is Pilar. The department is almost entirely rural, and is home to some of the oldest and best-preserved Jesuit ruins, which are located near the town of Humaitá.


The department is divided in 16 districts:


The terrain in Ñeembucú is markedly flat, covered mostly in flat, grassy fields only broken by the occasional wetland swamp or green "monte". Montes, despite their name, are not mountains at all, but patches of dense trees and brush that provide shade to the cattle who graze on the flat plains surrounding them. Almost all of the land in Ñeembucú is used for grazing (cattle, sheep) or other types of agriculture.


To the west, Ñeembucú is limited by the Rio Paraguay and Argentina, to the south by the Rio Paraná and Argentina, to the north by the Central department, and to the east by the departments of Paraguarí and Misiones.


Ñeembucú was the theatre of the second phase of the War of the Triple Alliance. Battles fought there included Tuyutí, Curupaytí, the Boquerón del Sauce and Humaitá.

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