Òmnium Cultural

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Òmnium Cultural
Omnium Cultural Logo.gif
Motto Llengua, cultura, país
("Language, culture, country")
Founded 11 July 1961 (1961-07-11)
Founder Lluís Carulla, Joan Baptista Cendrós,
Fèlix Millet, Joan Vallvé, Pau Riera
Type Cultural institution
Location
Coordinates 41°23′30″N 2°10′09″E / 41.39167°N 2.16917°E / 41.39167; 2.16917Coordinates: 41°23′30″N 2°10′09″E / 41.39167°N 2.16917°E / 41.39167; 2.16917
Area served
Catalonia
Members
73,000
Leader Jordi Cuixart
Website omnium.cat

Òmnium Cultural (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈɔmnium kuɫtuˈɾaɫ] [1]) is an association based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was originally created in the 1960s to promote the Catalan language and spread Catalan culture.

Over the years it has increased its involvement in broader social issues; in 2012 it committed itself to Catalan independence,[2] specifically demanding the right of self-determination for Catalonia.[3]

History[edit]

Òmnium Cultural was created on 11 July 1961 in the context of Francoist Spain when the institutional use of Catalan was forbidden. In 1963 the Francoist authorities closed down the association. Òmnium had to continue to exist as a clandestine association in 1963–1967. In 1967, after a long legal case before the Francoist courts, the association won its right to exist and was once again authorized.

In order to promote the Catalan culture within the many limits of Francoism, Òmnium was the main sponsor of creating various awards and literary contests for works published in Catalan, such as the Premi d'Honor de les Lletres Catalanes (1969). Then by the early 1970s it established the Nit de Santa Llúcia a festival of Catalan literature when three awards are granted: Premi Sant Jordi (novel), Premi Mercè Rodoreda (short story) and the Premi Carles Riba (poetry).

After the end of the Francoist dictatorship in 1975, Òmnium continued its work promoting Catalan language and culture. Once democracy was restored, Òmnium supported and defended Catalan self-government, especially since the Spanish Constitutional Court’s rejection of the new Estatut.[4] One million people marched on July 10, 2010 in Barcelona calling for national self-determination in a 2010 Catalan autonomy protest organized by Òmnium.[5]

Currently it is one of the main organisations pushing Catalan politicians to hold a Catalan self-determination referendum despite this being unconstitutional according to the Spanish constitution.

Structure and funding[edit]

Òmnium has more than 68,000 members[6] and nearly 40 regional offices[7] besides the headquarters in Barcelona. In December 2015, Jordi Cuixart was elected president, by a large majority, in elections in which 5,719 members participated, over 10% of the then membership of 50,000.[8]

During 2005–2012 the association received different grants from the Catalan government (Generalitat), including €1.4 million in 2011.[9]

In 2013 the association announced that it would no longer receive funding from the Catalan government. In 2016, different local authorities gave grants to Òmnium, basically for local cultural activities, for a value of €144,404.12, out of a total income in 2016 of €4.4 million.[10]

In 2009 the Generalitat officially named Omnium as a public interest body, thus automatically conferring a more favourable tax regime for the association.[11]

Òmnium Cultural cooperates with other organizations that share similar goals in other Catalan-speaking territories: Acció Cultural del País Valencià [12](in the Valencian Community) and Obra Cultural Balear [13] (in the Balearic Islands).

It was awarded the Creu de Sant Jordi by the Generalitat in 1984.[14]

In November 2015 Òmnium was condemned by the Audiencia Nacional, an exceptional high court, of the unauthorised use and deficient custody of personal data, after its data had been stolen by a hacker.[15] This led to a 200,000 euro sanction imposed by the Spanish agency responsible for data protection.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Òmnium Cultural". Òmnium Cultural. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Ediciones El País. "Òmnium adapta su ideario al secesionismo". EL PAÍS. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "What's going on in Catalonia?". Òmnium Cultural. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  4. ^ Gaspar Pericay Coll. "Catalan News Agency - The Constitutional Court rejects the exclusion of its President requested by the Catalan Government". catalannewsagency.com. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Catalan citizens protest for greater self-government (10-J). YouTube. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Òmnium Cultural - Presentació". Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "Òmnium Cultural - Seus territorials". Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "Jordi Cuixart és proclamat nou president d'Òmnium". Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  9. ^ "El Govern hace pública una subvención de 1,4 millones a Òmnium Cultural". LA VANGUARDIA. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  10. ^ Faura Casas, Auditors Consultors (16 June 2017). "Audited accounts of Òmnium Cultural 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Muriel Casals releva a Jordi Porta al frente de Òmnium". Retrieved 2015-06-23. 
  12. ^ "Portada - Acció Cultural del País Valencià - ACPV". acpv.cat. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "OCB.CAT". ocb.cat. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  14. ^ http://dogc.gencat.cat/ca/pdogc_canals_interns/pdogc_resultats_fitxa/?action=fitxa&documentId=242713
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]

External links[edit]