Ömer Hilmi

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Ömer Hilmi
Colonel of Inf. Ottoman Army
Born 2 March 1886
Veliahd Palace, the Crown Prince’s Palace, İstanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 6 April 1935(1935-04-06) (aged 49)
Alexandria, Egypt
Spouse Nesimter Hanımefendi
Gülnev Hanımefendi
Faika Hanımefendi
Bahtıter Hanımefendi
Mediha Hanımefendi
Issue Prince Mahmud Namık
Princess Emine Mükbile
House Imperial House of Osman
Father Sultan Mehmed V Reşad
Mother Mihrengiz Kadın Efendi
Religion Islam

Ömer Hilmi, Colonel of Infantry of the Ottoman Army Omer Hilmi,[1] Prince (Şehzade) Ömer Hilmi Efendi[2] was born at the Veliahd Palace (the Crown Prince’s Palace), Ortaköy, Istanbul on 2 March 1886, as the third son of Mehmed V, by his third wife Mihrengiz Kadın Efendi.[3] He was educated privately. He received the Collar of the Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman and the Nişan-ı-Ali-Imtiyaz, GC of the Order of Leopold of Austria (1917).

Imperial Ottoman Dynasty
Coat of Arms of Ottoman Empire
Country Ottoman Empire
Founded 1299
Founder Osman I
Dissolution 1922
Prince Omer Hilmi in exile with his family, his mother, son and daughter
Prince Omer Hilmi in exile with his family, his mother, son and daughter

Early years[edit]

Ömer Hilmi Efendi lived most of his life in İstanbul in the restrictive surroundings of Dolmabahçe Palace. He was born in the apartments reserved for the Veliahd, the Crown Prince, and then moved into the main palace once his father had become the Ottoman Sultan on 27 April 1909. Together with his brother, he tried to support his father during the difficult years of the First World War. On the death of his father on 4 July 1918, just before the end of the war, he and his family left Dolmabahçe Palace and moved to a Konak at Nişantaşı during the winter months and to one in Bağlarbaşı, above Beylerbeyi, for the summer.

Exile[edit]

Following the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the aboliton of the Ottoman Sultanate and the Ottoman Caliphate, the entire Imperial Ottoman family were forced into exile in March 1924. Aged 38, Ömer Hilmi Efendi, left Turkey never to return, since he died before the decree of exile was lifted. He went into exile with his mother, Mihrengiz Kadınefendi, who had been the wife of Sultan Mehmed V, and with his two young children, Mahmud Namık Efendi and Princess Emine Mükbile Sultan. Like all other members of the Imperial family, they left İstanbul from Sirkeci Train Station and first went to Budapest. They lived here for a few months, then moved to Vienna, then Paris, before settling in Nice, France. As the former Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Mehmed VI, had settled in San Remo, many members of the family had congregated in the South of France. After living in Switzerland for a short time, his cousin, the last Caliph of Islam Prince Abdulmecid, also moved to Nice. Ömer Hilmi Efendi spent the next 11 years of his life in Nice, struggling to adapt to life in exile, before moving to Alexandria, Egypt in January 1935 with his family. Life in exile was always very difficult since members of the Imperial Ottoman family had no financial means, and all yearned to return to their homeland.

Illness and Death[edit]

His daughter, Princess Emine Mükbile Sultan, who had married her distant cousin Prince Ali Vasib Efendi in 1931, cared for him, her grandmother and brother during all this time. Ömer Hilmi Efendi suffered from a stroke and died soon after settling in Alexandria. He died age 49 at Alexandria, on 6 April 1935, and was buried in Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Cairo, Egypt.

Personal life[edit]

First Marriage[edit]

He married firstly (divorced on 7 January 1915) Nesimter Hanımefendi (? - ?), without issue.[4]

Second marriage and issue[edit]

He married secondly at the Yıldız Palace, on 3 October 1910 Gülnev Hanımefendi (Gence, Aegean, 21 February 1890 - died aged 29 Nişantaşı, 31 December 1919, from Spanish influenza, following an epidemic of the disease, buried in Sultan Reşad Maus, Eyüb), aliad Firdevs, née Hatice, daughter of Fırat Bey by his wife Ayşe Hanım, recognized by her father-in-law, Sultan Mehmed V, for her dedication to charitable causes and was awarded The Imperial Order of Appreciation – First Class. She had issue, one son and one daughter:

  • Prince Şehzade Mahmud Namık Efendi (Dolmabahçe Palace, 23 December 1913 - Cairo, Egypt, 13 November 1963, buried in Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Cairo, transferred to Sultan Mahmud II Mausoleum Istanbul in 1987), Received the Collar of the Hanedan-ı-Ali-Osman, Businessman, married in August 1939 (div. at Alexandria, 1947) Şaharazade Hanımefendi (Alexandria, 1922 - 1993), only daughter of Ismail Ratib Bey, by his wife Princess Emine Bihruz, younger daughter of Prince Ibrahim Raşid Fazıl Paşa, of Egypt. He had issue, an only son:
    • Prince Şehzade Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu (Alexandria, 4 June 1941), educ. Stowe school, Buckinghamshire, England, and a degree in business administration from London University, married Beulah Hanımefendi (8 April 1943), née Banbury. He has issue, an only son:
      • Prince Şehzade Mahmud Namık Osmanoğlu (London, 27 April 1975) educ. MFA in Design and Technology from Parsons The New School for Design, New York City, USA. He is a co-founder and director of an online health channel, he lives in England, married Inci Hanımefendi, née Genevieve Robson: He has issue, two sons
        • Prince Şehzade Ziyaeddin Reşad Efendi (London, 6 June 2012)
        • Prince Şehzade Cem Ömer Efendi (London, 5 August 2015)
  • Princess Emine Mükbile Sultan (Dolmabahçe Palace, 17 September 1911 - Istanbul, 21 May 1995, buried in Sultan Reşad Mausoleum, Eyüb), Received the Collar of the Hanedan-ı-Ali-Osman and the Nişan-ı-Şefkat 1st class, married at Nice, France, on 24 April 1931, Prince Şehzade Ali Vasıb Efendi, 41st Head of the Imperial House of Osman (Çırağan Palace, 13 October 1903 - Alexandria, 9 December 1983), only son of Prince Şehzade Ahmed Nihad Efendi, 38th Head of the Imperial House of Osman, by his first wife, Safru Hanımefendi. She had issue, an only son:
    • Prince Şehzade Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu Efendi. b. at Alexandria, Egypt 7 July 1940. educ. Victoria College, Alexandria, then London to become a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants, married in London, on 27 August 1966 (div.), Athena Joy Hanımefendi. (London, 9 March 1944), née, Christoforides. He has issue, three sons and one daughter:
      • Prince Şehzade Orhan Murad Osmanoğlu Efendi (Henley-on-Thames, England, 26 December 1972, educ. Degree in Busıness Studies at Kingston Univ., London, has had a career in the IT industry and now works for a Property Holding Company, married on 17 February 2000, Emine Hanımefendi née, Patricia Iotti. He has issue, two sons:
        • Prince Şehzade Turan Cem Efendi (High Wycombe, England, 7 January 2004)
        • Prince Şehzade Tamer Nihad Efendi (High Wycombe, England, 15 April 2006)
      • Prince Şehzade Nihad Rashid Efendi (Marlowe, 17 September 1978 - Woking, Surrey, 19 December 1978)
      • Prince Şehzade Selim Süleyman Osmanoğlu Efendi (High Wycombe, England, 15 December 1979) educ. Degree in Business Studies at Kingston Univ., London and Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Insurance, a Chartered Insurance Broker and a Member of the Institute of Risk Management, married at İstanbul, on 22 June 2003, to Alev Hanımefendi, née, Öcal. educ. Boğaziçi University, İstanbul. He has issue, one son and one daughter:
        • Prince Şehzade Batu Bayezid Efendi (Sidcup, England, 23 April 2008)
        • Princess Esma Emira Sultan (19 June 2015)
      • Princess Ayşe Gülnev Osmanoğlu Sultan (Henley-on-Thames, England, 17 January 1971, educ. History and Politics at Exeter Univ. and a master's degree in Ottoman history at S.O.A.S. London. m. 27 August 1994, Damad Nicholas Nelson Sutton (b. 18 August 1969), educ. Exeter Univ. and Chartered Accountant, Dir. Property Holding Company. She has issue, four sons and one daughter:
        • Prince (Sultanzade) Maximilian Ali Beyefendi, Sutton (London, 15 January 2000)
        • Prince (Sultanzade) Cosmo Tarik Beyefendi, Sutton (London, 10 September 2001)
        • Prince (Sultanzade) Lysander Cengiz Beyefendi, Sutton (London, 12 April 2003)
        • Prince (Sultanzade) Ferdinand Ziya Beyefendi, Sutton (Sussex, England, 26 July 2006)
        • Princess Tatyana Aliye Hanımsultan, Sutton (Sussex, England, 25 March 2005)

Third marriage[edit]

He married thirdly at Çamlıca Palace, Üsküdar, and divorced to Faika Hanımefendi, without issue. In 1934 she took the surname 'Hunca'.

Fourth marriage[edit]

He married fourthly at Çamlıca Palace, Üsküdar, 16 June 1914 (div. 1921), to Bahtıter Hanımefendi (Izmir, 12 October 1897 - 1984), without issue.

Fifth marriage[edit]

He married fifthly at Nişantaşı Palace, on 12 July 1921 (div. at Üsküdar, 16 September 1921), to Mediha Hanımefendi, (Alexandria, 4 November 1903 - Cairo, Egypt, 1971), eldest daughter of Menliki Ahmed Paşa, by his wife, Princess Zübeyda, eldest daughter of Lieutenant General Prince Muhammad Ali Paşa of Egypt, without issue.

Family Tree[edit]

Showing the line of descent from the founder of the Ottoman dynasty to present day through Sultan Mehmed V Reşad's youngest son Prince Ömer Hilmi Efendi Ottoman-tree-namık.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Africa & the Middle East, Burke's Peerage, 1980, p. 247.
  2. ^ Almanach de Gotha (184th ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 2000. pp. 365, 912–915. 
  3. ^ Ali Vâsıb, Bir Şehzadenin Hâtırâtı: Vatan ve Menfâda Gördüklerim ve İşittiklerim, Yapı Kredi Kültür Yayınları, 2004, ISBN 978-975-08-0878-4, p. 205
  4. ^ [1]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]