Ömer Lütfü Topal
|Ömer Lütfü Topal|
Doğanşehir, Malatya Province, Turkey
July 28, 1996|
|Cause of death||Gunned down|
|Occupation||Casino owner, drug trafficker, money launderer|
Ömer Lütfü Topal, sometimes spelled Lütfi (1942, Doğanşehir, Malatya Province – July 28, 1996, Istanbul), was a Turkish businessman, who was deeply involved in the Susurluk scandal. He had convictions for drug smuggling, and was dubbed the "casino king" for the gambling ventures that made his later fortune, which amounted to around $1 billion at the time of his assassination.
He has a criminal record at the İstanbul Police for the years 1962, 1969 and 1971 for threatening people and forcing them to sign debt bills, stabbing, injury, beating and murder.
According to Belgian newspapers, he was arrested on June 20, 1978 in Antwerp province of Belgium while carrying 6 kilos of heroin. A fake passport was found on him on the name of Sadık Sami Onar, issued by the Gaziantep Police. Besides, he was accused of drug transfer to the USA over Belgium. He was imprisoned in Belgium between June 14, 1978 and July 23, 1981. Then, he was extradited to the USA in order to serve a sentence passed on him for heroin trafficking. He was prosecuted in New York and sentenced to five years in prison.
His name was mentioned in testimonies of persons, who had been apprehended between January 13 and February 20, 1981 in the Netherlands with vast amounts of heroin.
Topal was captured by officers of the Istanbul Narcotics Branch on May 5, 1989 in connection with the aforementioned incident, but released by the İstanbul SSC Prosecution Office.
At the time of his death Topal owned casinos scattered throughout the country,[notes 1] oversaw an illicit enterprise that involved 450 people, and had 200 famous customers. According to his tax statement, he registered a loss of 6 billion Turkish Lira in 1993 ($546,493), however an investigation revealed that he had actually made a profit of 473 billion lira ($39m). An extensive 1999 study by the Ministry of Finance contained the following facts on Topal:
- He shot from rags to riches in just five years; in 1991 he owned but a cafeteria.
- He had withdrawn 4.1 trillion Lira from gamblers' credit cards.
- In sum, 14.5 trillion TL, 98 million USD, and 23 million DM were deposited into his 137 bank accounts.
- A significant number of his 452 properties were acquired as payment for gambling debts.
- A significant source of gambling revenue was poker, raising ~$750m between 1994-1996.
Topal was also accorded lengthy coverage in the Inspection Board report. Its author, Kutlu Savaş, wrote that Topal would have become a drug lord that posed a threat to the government if unstopped. In 1995, he made certain attempts to take over the management of some hotels and casinos in Ashgabat in Turkmenistan.
According to some information, he had dealt with drugs at the Emperyal Casino he owned in Istanbul, and that he had bribed certain members of the security organization in foreign currency.
Topal was gunned down on July 28, 1996 with a Kalashnikov rifle. Some say this was the beginning of the Susurluk scandal. Abdullah Çatlı's fingerprint was allegedly found on the drum of one of the machine guns used. Ayhan Çarkın and two other policemen were acquitted for lack of evidence; in 2008 the trial judge claimed this was due to a sabotage of the investigation.
He left behind 100 trillion lira (on the order of a billion USD). Twenty two of his companies were passed onto his son Murat Topal, daughter Elif Topal, and first wife Safiye Belli. His second wife, Birsu Hilal Altıntaş, inherited a few cars, companies, and properties too. After his death, his casinos were run by Ömer Gultekin.
- "1998 Report" (PDF). Human Rights Foundation of Turkey. (contains the Susurluk reports, and material on the Counter-Guerrilla)
- Şener, Nedim (1999-01-07). "Topal'ın yıkama makinası". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Mercan, Faruk (2002-04-09). "Maliye: Kumarhanelerin devlete bir getirisi yok". Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- "Topal'ın ürküten gücü". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Hurriyet Daily News, 16 December 1996, Turkish Press Scanner
- Today's Zaman, 30 October 2008, Topal murder investigation covered up, says former judge
- Disbudak, Atilla (1996-06-07). "100 trilyonluk miras". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- "Topal'in gizli ortagi konustu". Zaman (in Turkish). 1996-12-29. Retrieved 2009-01-01.