|Born||March 11, 1884|
Gönen, Balıkesir Province, Ottoman Empire
|Died||March 6, 1920 (aged 35)|
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
|Occupation||Author, teacher, military officer|
Ömer Seyfettin (11 March 1884, Gönen – 6 March 1920, Istanbul), was a Turkish writer from the late-19th to early-20th-century, considered to be one of the greatest modern Turkish authors. His work is much praised for simplifying the Turkish language from the Persian and Arabic words and phrases that were common at the time.
Ömer Seyfettin was born in Gönen, a town in Balıkesir Province, in 1884. Son of a military official, he spent his early life travelling around the coast of Marmara Sea. He also began a military career and graduated from the Military Academy (Harp Okulu) in 1903. Following he was assigned as a Lieutenant and posted to Western Border units of the Ottoman Empire Army. It was in İzmir where he became familiar with writing. In 1909, he served as an officer of the Hareket Ordusu (Action Army) which suppressed the Istanbul Irtica uprising, the religious groups opposing the newly formed constitutional monarchy in Istanbul. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was an officer of the Hareket Ordusu. Promoted to First Lieutenant, Seyfettin was posted as an instructor in a military school in İzmir. This position was an opportunity for Seyfettin to improve his French, and interact with like-minded writers.
In 1911 Omer Seyfettin cofounded a literary and cultural magazine entitled Genç Kalemler (Young Pens) with Ziya Gokalp and Ali Canip in Salonica. Seyfettin began the early efforts in using Turkish in his literary output as opposed to Ottoman Turkish, as he outlined to Ali Canip in a letter. He was recalled to the army under mobilization orders at the beginning of the Balkan War and after his units were defeated in Yanina in January 1913, he spent approximately 12 months in Greece as a prisoner of war. After his release from captivity at the end of 1913, he returned to Constantinople, and was nominated the executive editor of the Türk Sözü, a publication which was related to the Committee for Union and Progress. In 1914, after leaving the army for the second time, Omer Seyfettin became a literature teacher in an Istanbul High school. He became, also in 1914, the chief-author (Bashyazar) of the magazine Türk Yurdu. Between the years 1914 and 1917 he mainly wrote turanist poems, which were published in the outlets such as Tanin, Türk Yurdu or Halka Doğru. In 1917 he was to publish most of his literary work, which included a wide array of short stories. From 1919 to 1920 he published articles in Büyük Mecmua which was a supporter of the Turkish independence war. He died of diabetes in 1920, at the age of 36.
- Ashâb-ı Kehfimiz (1918)
- Efruz Bey (1919)
- Yalnız Efe (1919)
- Yarınki Turan Devleti
Short story collections
- Harem (1918)
- Yüksek Ökçeler (1922)
- Gizli Mabed (1923)
- Beyaz Lale (1938)
- Asilzâdeler (1938)
- İlk Düşen Ak (1938)
- Mahçupluk İmtihanı (1938)
- Dalga (1943)
- Nokta (1956)
- Tarih Ezelî Bir Tekerrürdür (1958)
- Ömer Seyfettin’in Şiirleri (Poems written by Ömer Seyfettin, 1972)
- Köroğlu, Erol (July 21, 2007). Ottoman Propaganda and Turkish Identity: Literature in Turkey During World War I. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-84511-490-9.
- Phil, HB Paksoy, D. Essays on Central Asia. Carrie/EUI. p. 229.
- Meyer, James H. (July 18, 2019). Turks Across Empires: Marketing Muslim Identity in the Russian-Ottoman Borderlands, 1856-1914. Oxford University Press. p. 159. ISBN 9780192586339.
- Murat Belge (2010). "Genç Kalemler and Turkish Nationalism". In Celia Kerslake (ed.). Turkey’s Engagement with Modernity. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 27–37. doi:10.1057/9780230277397_3. ISBN 978-1-349-31326-6.
- Köroğlu Erol (21 July 2007), p.41
- Köroğlu, Erol (21 July 2007), p.154
- Köroğlu, Erol (21 July 2007), p.159
- Hülya Semiz (2008). İkinci Dünya Savaşı Döneminde Gazeteci Sabiha Sertel’in Döneme İlişkin Görüşleri (PDF) (MA thesis) (in Turkish). Istanbul University. p. 20.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online – Biography of Omer Seyfeddin
- Biyografi.info – Biography of Ömer Seyfettin (in Turkish)