Ördög

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The Ördög (Ürdüng in Old Hungarian and in Turkic mythology equivalent to Erlik) is a shape-shifting, demonic creature from Hungarian mythology and early Hungarian Paganism who controls the dark and evil forces of the world.[1] After Christianization, it was identified with the devil. It is often said in Hungarian mythology that Isten ("God" in Hungarian) had help from Ördög when he was creating the world. [2]

The Ördög is often thought to look somewhat like a Satyr or faun, a humanoid with the upper torso of a human male and lower portions of a goat: usually pitch-black, with cloven hooves, ram-like horns, a long tail ending in a blade, and he carries a pitchfork.[3] He can also be distinguised by his overtly large phallus.[4]

He dwells in the underworld or hell (Pokol in Hungarian) constantly stirring a huge cauldron filled with souls of those who lived in sin. When he does come to earth, according to some legends, Ördög hides in the walls of victims and makes subtle noises that sound high pitched and even squeaky. In other legends, when he comes to earth, he takes the form of a fox, a dark flame or Hungarian shepherd with dark, sparkling eyes. It is his habit to make bets with humans to see if they become corrupted. His long-term goal is to collect more human souls (lélek in Hungarian).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klaniczay, Gábor. 2006. Christian Demonology and Popular Mythology. Central European University Press.
  2. ^ Lurker, Manfred (2004). The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 143. ISBN 0-415-34018-7. 
  3. ^ "Magyar Néprajzi Lexikon". Mek.oszk.hu. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 
  4. ^ Klaniczay, Gábor. 2006. Christian Demonology and Popular Mythology. Central European University Press.

External links[edit]

  • Ördög MEK, Magyar néprajz, Mitikus lények