Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha
|Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire|
28 July 1584 – 29 October 1585
|Preceded by||Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha|
|Succeeded by||Hadim Mesih Pasha|
Cairo, Egypt Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||29 October 1585|
|Resting place||Diyarbakır, Turkey|
|Relations||Özdemir Pasha (father)|
|Years of service||1578–1585|
|Rank||Serdar (field marshal)|
|Battles/wars||Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590)|
After the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517, the former Mameluk elite (Turks and Circassians) had accepted the Ottoman dominance and became the part of Ottoman bureaucracy and military. Özdemir Pasha, Osman's father, was one of them. After the Indian Ocean campaigns, he was appointed as the beylerbey (high governor) of Habesh Eyalet (modern Ethiopia, but practically only the coastal strip of Eritrea and Sudan).
Osman was appointed to various posts in Egypt by the porte. After his father's death in 1561, Osman continued as the governor of Habesh Eyalet for 7 years. In 1569, he was appointed as the governor of Yemen and in 1573, as the governor of Diyarbekir Eyalet (modern Diyarbakır, Turkey).
While in Diyarbekir, he was assigned to join the army during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590). His troops fought well and contributed much to the victory during the Battle of Çıldır. After the battle, he was assigned to organize the newly conquered territories in the Caucasus. While establishing an effective Ottoman administration, he also had to fight against Persians who were trying to regain their losses. In 1583, he fought against a Persian army in Baştepe a location in North Caucasus (modern Dagestan Republic of Russia) in a three-day clash named Battle of Torches, (named so because the battle continued into the night). He defeated the Persian army and secured Ottoman presence in the Caucasus.
His next mission was dethroning the Crimean khan Mehmed II Giray, who was an unreliable vassal, and enthroning a new khan, in which he was also successful. Then, from Crimea he sailed to Istanbul, the capital, where he was praised by the sultan Murat III.
On 28 May 1584, he was promoted to be the grand vizier, also keeping the title of high commander of the army (Turkish: serdar). Next year, he was again at the battle front. He conquered Tebriz, West Iran. However, a few weeks later on 29 October 1585, he fell ill and died. He was buried in Diyarbekir.
- Danişmend (1971), p. 22. (Turkish)
- Biography of Osman Pasha (in Turkish)
- Ayhan Buz: Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 978-975-254-278-5
- An essay on the campaign (in Turkish)
- Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 21-23
- Joseph von Hammer: Osmanlı Tarihi Vol II (condensation: Abdülkadir Karahan), Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul. p 100-101. ?Hammar-Purgstall's works date from 1840 and 1856. More modern sources say his attempt failed and that Mehmed was overthrown after Osman left.
Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
| Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 July 1584 – 29 October 1585
Hadim Mesih Pasha