× Sorbaronia mitschurinii
|× Sorbaronia mitschurinii|
|Young fruit of cultivar 'Viking'|
|Species:||× S. mitschurinii|
|× Sorbaronia mitschurinii
(Skvortsov & Maitul.) Sennikov
× Sorbaronia mitschurinii, also known as Sorbaronia mitschurinii, is a domesticated species that was known until recently under the name Aronia mitschurinii. It has been considered to be a group of cultivars of Aronia melanocarpa, common ones including 'Viking' and 'Nero'. Genetic testing indicates it is likely a hybrid between A. melanocarpa and Sorbus aucuparia (mountain ash) that apparently originated in cultivation.
Sorbaronia mitschurinii has historically seen extensive cultivation in the former Soviet Union as its large fruits are suitable for juice, wine, and jam-making, and because they are self-fertile, requiring only one plant to produce fruit.
Like other Aronia, the fruit is used as a flavoring or colorant for beverages or yogurts. Juice from the ripe berries is astringent, sweet (with high sugar content), sour (low pH), and contains vitamin C. In addition to juice, the fruit can be baked into soft breads. In the U.S., Aronia berries are also marketed for their antioxidant properties.
Other intergeneric hybrids within tribe Maleae that include Sorbus as one of the parents are:
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- Potter, D., et al. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43. [Referring to the subfamily by the name "Spiraeoideae"]
- Skvortsov, A.K. & Yu.K. Maitulina (1982). Translated by Irina Kadis. "On distinctions of cultivated black-fruited Aronia from its wild ancestors". Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR. 126: 35–40.
- Leonard, P.L.; M.H Brand; B.A. Connolly & S.G. Obae (2013). "Investigations into the origin of Aronia mitschurinii using amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis". HortScience. 48 (5): 520–524.
- Skvortsov, A.K., Yu.K. Maitulina, and Y.N. Gorbunov. 1983. Cultivated black-fruited Aronia: Place, time, and probable mechanism of formation. Bull. MOIP. Otd. Biol. 88:88-96 translation by Irina Kadis
- Kask, K. (1987). "Large-fruited black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)". Fruit Varieties Journal. pp. 47–47.
- Steven A. McKay (March 17, 2004). "Demand increasing for aronia and elderberry in North America" (PDF). New York Berry News. 3 (11).
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