× Sorbaronia mitschurinii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
× Sorbaronia mitschurinii
Aronia "Viking".JPG
Young fruit of cultivar 'Viking'
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae[1]
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Genus: × Sorbaronia
Species: × S. mitschurinii
Binomial name
× Sorbaronia mitschurinii
(Skvortsov & Maitul.) Sennikov

× Sorbaronia mitschurinii, also known as Sorbaronia mitschurinii, is a domesticated species that was known until recently under the name Aronia mitschurinii.[2] It has been considered to be a group of cultivars of Aronia melanocarpa, common ones including 'Viking' and 'Nero'. Genetic testing indicates it is likely a hybrid between A. melanocarpa and Sorbus aucuparia (mountain ash)[3] that apparently originated in cultivation.[2][4]

Hypothesized origin[edit]

It has been suggested that Sorbaronia mitschurinii is the product of Russian pomologist Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin's early 20th century experiments in wide hybridizations.[4]

Description[edit]

This species is more robust than wild populations of Aronia melanocarpa; the leaves are broader, and the fruits larger.[2][3] It is tetraploid[3] and self-fertile.[citation needed]

Uses[edit]

Sorbaronia mitschurinii has historically seen extensive cultivation in the former Soviet Union[5] as its large fruits are suitable for juice, wine, and jam-making, and because they are self-fertile, requiring only one plant to produce fruit.[6]

Like other Aronia, the fruit is used as a flavoring or colorant for beverages or yogurts.[6] Juice from the ripe berries is astringent, sweet (with high sugar content), sour (low pH), and contains vitamin C.[citation needed] In addition to juice, the fruit can be baked into soft breads.[6] In the U.S., Aronia berries are also marketed for their antioxidant properties.

Similar hybrids[edit]

Other intergeneric hybrids within tribe Maleae that include Sorbus as one of the parents are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potter, D., et al. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43. [Referring to the subfamily by the name "Spiraeoideae"]
  2. ^ a b c Skvortsov, A.K. & Yu.K. Maitulina (1982). Translated by Irina Kadis. "On distinctions of cultivated black-fruited Aronia from its wild ancestors". Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR. 126: 35–40. 
  3. ^ a b c Leonard, P.L.; M.H Brand; B.A. Connolly & S.G. Obae (2013). "Investigations into the origin of Aronia mitschurinii using amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis". HortScience. 48 (5): 520–524. 
  4. ^ a b Skvortsov, A.K., Yu.K. Maitulina, and Y.N. Gorbunov. 1983. Cultivated black-fruited Aronia: Place, time, and probable mechanism of formation. Bull. MOIP. Otd. Biol. 88:88-96 translation by Irina Kadis
  5. ^ Kask, K. (1987). "Large-fruited black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)". Fruit Varieties Journal. pp. 47–47. 
  6. ^ a b c Steven A. McKay (March 17, 2004). "Demand increasing for aronia and elderberry in North America" (PDF). New York Berry News. 3 (11).