Oresund Line

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Oresund Line
Oeresund Bridge.jpg
Type High-speed railway
System Danish railways
Swedish railways
Termini Fosieby
Copenhagen Central Station
Stations 4
Opened 2000
Owner Swedish Transport Administration
Operator(s) DSB
DSB Øresund
Skåne commuter rail
Character Passenger and freight
Rolling stock SJ X2
SJ 2000
IC3 (X31)
Line length 38 km
Track length 76 km
Number of tracks Double
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 15 kV 16 23 Hz AC
25 kV 50 Hz AC

Oresund Line (Swedish: Öresundsbanan, Danish: Øresundbanen) is a railway between Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden via the Oresund Bridge. On the Swedish side it is managed by the Swedish Transport Administration, on the Danish side by Banedanmark.

The railway line continues from the Continental Line south of Malmö and heads west passing over the Oresund Bridge on the lower section, Peberholm artificial island and under Copenhagen Airport to Copenhagen Central Station. In Malmö, the City Tunnel connects the railway directly to Malmö C.

IC3 Oresundtrains are operated by a venture between DSB Øresund and Veolia Transport between Copenhagen and Malmö, with connections to Gothenburg, Kalmar and Karlskrona. On the Danish side, many trains continue northwards on the Coast Line to Helsingør. DSB operates Oresundtrains to Ystad with ferry connection to Bornholm. SJ operates SJ 2000 high-speed trains between Stockholm, Malmö and Copenhagen, and Oresundtrains between Gothenburg and Copenhagen. Freight trains are operated by Railion using EG locomotives.


Plans for connecting Scania and Zealand with a bridge had been raised throughout the entire 20th century, and in 1991 a company was created to start the work. Construction of the Oresund Bridge and Oresund Railway started in 1995 and was completed in 2000. According to UIC this rail line had in 2012 the most expensive second class rail tickets in Europe with a price of .21 Euro per km.[1] The investigation encompassed 103 rail lines.[1] This price is calculated on the distance Malmö-Köpenhamn of 52,7 km which doesn't include the shortening by Citytunneln and which made the per-km price higher than that of the Eurostar.[1]

City Tunnel[edit]

Since December 2010, Oresundtrains use the City Tunnel in Malmö, with its stations at Hyllie and Triangeln, thereby saving one minute for passengers to Malmö C and about 15 to 20 minutes for passengers to Triangeln.[citation needed]

Border technicalities[edit]

One of the challenges with the line was the incompatibility between the railway electrification systems in Denmark and Sweden. Denmark uses 25 kV 50 Hz AC while Sweden uses 15 kV 16 23 Hz AC.[2][3]

The signalling systems in the two countries are also different. The problems were overcome by requiring all trains operating on the line to be dual voltage and have dual signalling systems, including a minority of the X2 trains operated throughout Sweden by SJ. The signalling system switches on Peberholm in Denmark, while the entire bridge uses the Danish electrical system. The Danish signalling system is only approved for 180 kilometres per hour (110 mph) speed, while the Swedish system is approved for 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph). The entire bridge has 200 km/h maximum speed, also the Danish part, as the only railway in Denmark.

On double-track lines in Denmark trains run on the right whereas in Sweden they run on the left. On the Oresund Line trains runs on the right hand track, changing sides at a flyover north of the Malmö C, resulting in trains in the Malmö area using the Danish standard.


X2000 trains stop only at Malmö C, Copenhagen Airport/Kastrup and Copenhagen H. Oresundtrains stop at all stations.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Magnusson, Erik. "(swedish) Tåget över bron dyrast i Europa". Sydsvenskan. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Electrified routes
  3. ^ Network Statement 2017 (see page 24)