Ørsta

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Ørsta kommune
Official logo of Ørsta kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Ørsta within Møre og Romsdal
Ørsta within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°12′01″N 06°07′56″E / 62.20028°N 6.13222°E / 62.20028; 6.13222Coordinates: 62°12′01″N 06°07′56″E / 62.20028°N 6.13222°E / 62.20028; 6.13222
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Administrative centreØrsta
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Stein Aam (Sp)
Area
 • Total804.43 km2 (310.59 sq mi)
 • Land785.03 km2 (303.10 sq mi)
 • Water19.40 km2 (7.49 sq mi)
Area rank138 in Norway
Population
 (2017)
 • Total10,744
 • Rank108 in Norway
 • Density13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
5.7%
Demonym(s)Ørsting[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1520
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.orsta.kommune.no

About this soundØrsta  is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region of Western Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ørsta. Other villages in the municipality include Hovdebygda, Flåskjer, Leira, Liadal, Urke, Bjørke, Barstadvik, Åmdalen, Follestaddalen, Nordre Vartdal, Vartdal, Sæbø, Sætre, Store-Standal, and Ytre Standal.

The 804-square-kilometre (310 sq mi) municipality is the 138th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Ørsta is the 108th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 10,744. The municipality's population density is 13.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (35/sq mi) and its population has increased by 5.7% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Ørsta was established on 1 August 1883 when it was separated from Volda Municipality. The initial population was 2,070. On 1 January 1893, the Ytrestølen farm (population: 13) was transferred from Ørsta to Volda. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Hjørundfjord and Vartdal were also merged with Ørsta. The new, larger municipality of Ørsta had a population of 9,252.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Ørstafjorden (Old Norse: Œrstr). The meaning of the name is unknown. Before 1918, the name was written Ørsten.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 13 July 1984. The arms consist of three silver diamonds on a blue background. The three diamonds represent the mountains reflecting in the waters of the fjord.[5]

Museums[edit]

The Brudavoll Farm, part of the Sunnmøre Museum Foundation, is located about 5 km (3.1 mi) from the center of Ørsta.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Ørsta. It is part of the Søre Sunnmøre deanery in the Diocese of Møre.[7]

Churches in Ørsta
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Ørsta Ørsta Church Ørsta 1864
Vartdal Vartdal Church Nordre Vartdal 1876
Hjørundfjord Hjørundfjord Church Sæbø 1880
Storfjorden Bjørke Church Bjørke 1919

Geography[edit]

Ørsta centrum

Of the total area, 48% (386 square kilometres or 149 square miles) of the municipality is at an altitude of 600 metres (2,000 ft) or more above sea level. Apart from the mountains, Ørsta's dominant geographical feature is fjords: Storfjorden in the north, Vartdalsfjorden, Ørstafjorden in the west, and Hjørundfjorden in the east. Only in the south is it connected by land to neighbouring Volda Municipality. Otherwise, it borders the municipalities of Sula in the north, Hareid and Ulstein (by sea only) in the west, Sykkylven to the northeast, Stranda to the southeast and Sogn og Fjordane county to the south-southeast.

Ørsta seen from Vallahornet

The municipality is also the heartland of the Sunnmørsalpene mountains, a particularly rugged and wild area of mountains in the southern part of Møre og Romsdal county. Prolific peaks include Slogen at 1,564 metres (5,131 ft), Skårasalen at 1,542 metres (5,059 ft), Kolåstinden at 1,432 metres (4,698 ft), Ramoen at 1,419 metres (4,656 ft), Saudehornet at 1,303 metres (4,275 ft), and Romedalstinden at 1,295 metres (4,249 ft). Other mountains include Hornindalsrokken, Kvitegga, and Jakta.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Ørsta, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ørsta is made up of 33 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Ørsta Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet5
 Conservative PartyHøgre7
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti4
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet Dei Grøne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet8
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:33

Economy[edit]

Important sectors are mechanical industry and furniture manufacturing, agriculture, commercial fishing, and aquaculture. The first two are predominant in the village of Ørsta while agriculture dominates in adjacent valleys like the Follestaddalen, Åmdalen, and Bondalen valleys. On the other hand, the northern part of the municipality has strong maritime traditions, with Vartdal being the home of one of the largest factory trawler fleets in Norway.

Transportation[edit]

These include Ørsta-Volda Airport, Hovden at Hovdebygda which is the regional airport for people living in the municipalities Ørsta, Volda, Vanylven, Sande, Ulstein, Hareid and Herøy, and European Route E39 which transects the municipality in a north–south direction. Ørsta is linked to Sula and Sykkylven by ferry on its northernmost extreme Festøy. It is also linked to Ulstein Municipality by the Eiksund Tunnel, an undersea tunnel that opened on 23 February 2008 that is, currently, the world's deepest at 287 metres (942 ft) below the sea surface.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 86.
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  6. ^ "Brudavolltunet". Fjord Norway. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  7. ^ "Kyrkjelydane i Ørsta" (in Norwegian). Den Norske Kyrkja. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.

External links[edit]