Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field

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Some of the 7 turbines. The distance between them is about ½ mile.

Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field is a facility managed by the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) for testing of wind turbines with a pinnacle height up to 330 metres (1,080 ft)[1] near Thisted-Østerild, Denmark.[2]

History[edit]

The area was plagued by flying sand from about 1450, and a plantation was started from 1889 to keep the sand in check.[3]

The international IEC 61400 standard specifies how to design and validate wind turbines to gain commercial value.[4] A suitable area for testing wind turbines must have good wind, a specific surface roughness, a clear area around the site, and not be in an EU Special Protection Area. After investigating 17 areas[5] and drawing criticism,[6] the Folketing decided in June 2010 to establish a wind turbine test center at Østerild. It was inaugurated in 2012,[3] and is popular among tourists.[7] A visitor center opened in 2017.[8]

New ponds and open areas have improved conditions for bats.[9][10] The first sea eagles came to the area in 2015.[11]

Description[edit]

There are 7 test stands, and each test stand has its own meteorological mast due west. Some stands were not yet put in use in 2015.[12] In 2016, the wind turbine industry requested more stands to fulfill future test requirements.[13] The turbines are not permanent, but spend some months in test at the site before being replaced by the next turbines.

At the northern and the southern end of the test field, there are two 250 metre tall guyed masts equipped with lamps to warn aircraft.

The masts are situated at 57°05′13″N 8°52′50″E / 57.087056°N 8.880673°E / 57.087056; 8.880673 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field Lighting Mast North) and at 57°02′56″N 8°52′51″E / 57.048882°N 8.880799°E / 57.048882; 8.880799 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field Lighting Mast South).

List of sites[edit]

Test sites as of December 2015 :[needs update]

Test stand Type Manufacturer Construction year Hub height Rotor diameter Total height Power Coordinates References and remarks
1 Alstom Wind 151-6 EDF Énergies Nouvelles 104 m 151 m 180 metres (590 ft) 6 MW 57°05′04″N 8°53′01″E / 57.084379°N 8.883640°E / 57.084379; 8.883640 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 1) [14] To be erected in Spring 2016
2 Vestas V164-8.0 Vestas Wind Systems 2014 140 m 164 m 222 metres (728 ft) 8.0 MW 57°04′44″N 8°53′01″E / 57.079003°N 8.883576°E / 57.079003; 8.883576 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 2, Vestas V164-8.0) [15] Tallest wind turbine in the world. 22 June 2017 Vestas announced it would produce a 4MW windmill, called V150, 241 metres (791 ft) tall[16]
3 Vestas V126-3.3 Vestas Wind Systems 116 m 126 m 179 metres (587 ft) 3.3 MW 57°04′25″N 8°53′03″E / 57.0736855°N 8.884169°E / 57.0736855; 8.884169 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 3, Vestas V126-3.3)
4 Vestas V110-2.0 Vestas Wind Systems 98 m 110 m 153 metres (502 ft) 2 MW 57°04′05″N 8°53′02″E / 57.068156°N 8.883790°E / 57.068156; 8.883790 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 4)
5 EN-120/3.0 Envision Energy 90 m 120 m 150 metres (490 ft) 3 MW 57°03′46″N 8°53′02″E / 57.062906°N 8.883833°E / 57.062906; 8.883833 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 5)
6 SWT 8.0-154 Siemens Wind Power 120 m 154 m 197 metres (646 ft) 8.0 MW 57°03′25″N 8°53′03″E / 57.0569979°N 8.8841361°E / 57.0569979; 8.8841361 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 6 Siemens SWT 8.0) [17]
7 SWT 7.0-154 Siemens Wind Power m 154 m 175 metres (574 ft) 7.0 MW 57°03′06″N 8°53′03″E / 57.0516083°N 8.8840556°E / 57.0516083; 8.8840556 (Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field, Nr. 7 Siemens SWT 7.0) [18]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DTU Wind Energy".
  2. ^ "Østerild: Nationalt testcenter for store vindmøller(onshore) - 4C Offshore".
  3. ^ a b "Historie". Danish Nature Agency.
  4. ^ International Standard IEC 61400-1, Third Edition International Electrotechnical Commission, August 2005. Accessed: 12 March 2011.
  5. ^ "Sådan blev Østerild valgt". Danish Nature Agency.
  6. ^ "Vindmølleindustrien: Derfor hastede Østerild-beslutning". Ingeniøren.
  7. ^ "Turister elsker kæmpe-vindmøller". Ingeniøren.
  8. ^ Kristiansen, Mette Bischoff (26 September 2017). "Enthusiasm in Thy for the Test Centre for Large Wind Turbines in Østerild". vindenergi.dtu.dk. Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy / DTU Wind Energy. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  9. ^ Monitoring bats and birds Danish Nature Agency
  10. ^ "Fugle undviger testcenterets vindmoeller". Danish Nature Agency.
  11. ^ "Havørne-unger i Thy". Danish Nature Agency.
  12. ^ "Endelig bliver Testcenter Østerild fyldt op". Ingeniøren.
  13. ^ "Industrien ønsker flere testpladser til store vindmøller". Ingeniøren.
  14. ^ "Haliade 150-6MW - Østerild (onshore) - 4C Offshore".
  15. ^ "V164-8.0 MW - Østerild (onshore) - 4C Offshore".
  16. ^ "Windmill V-150 up to 4.2 MW 241 meters high". Dagbladet Børsen.
  17. ^ "Siemens 8-megawatt wind turbine up and running". 4c Offshore. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  18. ^ "SWT-7.0-130 - Østerild (onshore) - 4C Offshore".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°02′57″N 8°53′11″E / 57.0492938°N 8.8864451°E / 57.0492938; 8.8864451