Øygarden

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Øygarden kommune
Municipality
Blomvåg kyrkje.JPG
Coat of arms of Øygarden kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Øygarden kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Øygarden within Hordaland
Øygarden within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°36′39″N 04°49′29″E / 60.61083°N 4.82472°E / 60.61083; 4.82472Coordinates: 60°36′39″N 04°49′29″E / 60.61083°N 4.82472°E / 60.61083; 4.82472
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Rong
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Otto Harkestad (Ap)
Area
 • Total 66.74 km2 (25.77 sq mi)
 • Land 64.43 km2 (24.88 sq mi)
 • Water 2.31 km2 (0.89 sq mi)
Area rank 407 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,704
 • Rank 213 in Norway
 • Density 73.0/km2 (189/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 19.7 %
Demonym(s) Øygarding[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1259
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.oygarden.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Øygarden[pronunciation?] is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is an island municipality located in the traditional district of Midhordland. Since 2009, the administrative centre of Øygarden has been the village of Rong (before 2009, the village of Tjeldstø was the administrative centre). Other villages in the municipality include Alveim, Blomvåg, and Vikavågen.

The municipality consists of a chain of islands north of the municipality Fjell and northwest of the city of Bergen. Øygarden is connected to the mainland by a series of bridges and a single road running across the islands.

General information[edit]

View of Hellesundet

The municipality of Øygarden was established on 1 January 1964. It was created by a merger that was set in motion by the Schei Committee. The old municipality of Hjelme (population: 956) and all of the municipality of Herdla located west of the Hjeltefjorden except for the islands of Turøy and Misje (population: 2131).[2]

Name[edit]

The name is the finite form of øygard which means "row (fence) of islands". The first element is øy means "island" and the last element is gard which means "farm".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted in 1966, shortly after the establishment of the municipality. The arms show a black and gray reference seacairn sitting on an islet on a blue background. The municipality consists of a number of islands and is dependent on the sea for its development. Hence the importance of sea cairns, buoys and lighthouses for safety in the municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Øygarden. It is part of the Vesthordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Øygarden
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Blomvåg Blomvåg Church Blomvåg 1931
Hjelme Hjelme Church Seløyna 1971
Old Hjelme Church Seløyna 1875

Geography[edit]

The municipality is made up of many islands. The vast majority of the residents live on the 6 largest islands. The are (from north to south): Seløyna (7.2 km2 [2.8 sq mi]), Alvøyna (12.2 km2 [4.7 sq mi]), Ona (6.8 km2 [2.6 sq mi]), Blomøyna (9.1 km2 [3.5 sq mi]), Rongøyna (2.7 km2 [1.0 sq mi]), and Toftøyna (7.5 km2 [2.9 sq mi]). Besides these large islands, the municipality consists of 546 small islands, islets, and reefs. Some of the other islands include Hernar in the far north and Førehjelmo.[3]

The landscape is low and relatively flat. The highest point is at only 74 metres (243 ft) on the island of Blomøyna. Several smaller lakes are located on the islands. The west side of the islands is an important nesting site for birds. The North Sea lies to the west of the islands and the Hjeltefjorden.[3]

Tjeldstø Marka on Alvøyna has been a protected nature reserve since 1995. It is one of the largest wetland reserves in Hordaland. The Ormhilleren friluftsområde is another nature reserve surrounding the Rongesundet strait.[5]

Government[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 1,050 —    
1960 1,057 +0.7%
1970 2,835 +168.2%
1980 2,534 −10.6%
1990 3,158 +24.6%
2000 3,623 +14.7%
2010 4,267 +17.8%
2014 4,704 +10.2%
Source: Statistics Norway.

All municipalities in Norway, including Øygarden, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Øygarden is made up of 23 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Øygarden Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 7
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høgre 4
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 1
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Local Lists Lokale lister 8
Total number of members: 23

Economy[edit]

The municipality has a significant aquaculture industry, primarily with salmon, cod, and shellfish. Agriculture is limited in the municipality and is largely a part-time occupation, with most farmers have another profession too. The type of agriculture in Øygarden is dominated by raising livestock (sheep, cattle, and chickens).[3]

Since 1988, petroleum activities have become a major industry in Øygarden. The transportation of oil from the Oseberg oil field through a pipeline to Sture on Alvøyna was the start of the oil boom. In 1996, a natural gas processing plant at Kollsnes on the island of Ona was completed.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ a b c d Store norske leksikon. "Øygarden" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-11-28. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-11-28. 
  5. ^ En liten perle i Øygarden [A small pearl in Øygarden]
  6. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 
  7. ^ Uklart om likvidasjoner