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Graduated at Tartu Art College, 1945—1949. In 1949 he was arrested and like hundreds of thousands of other Baltic republics citizens, he was captured by the MGB and sent to Soviet labour camp in Karaganda.
^More than 10% of the entire adult Baltic population was deported or sent to penal servitude in Siberia or Kazakhstan Gulag camps in the years after World War II : Heinrihs Strods, Matthew Kott (Spring 2002). "The file on operation "Priboi": A re-assessment of the mass deportations of 1949". Journal of Baltic Studies 33 (1)