Þórbergur Þórðarson

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This is an Icelandic name. The last name is a patronymic, not a family name; this person is properly referred to by the given name Þórbergur.
Þórbergssetur museum and cultural centre in Hali, Suðursveit

Þórbergur Þórðarson (Thorbergur Thordarson) (Hali í Suðursveit, 12 March 1888/1889[1]Reykjavík, 12 November 1974) was an Icelandic author and Esperantist.

An ironist, satirist, volatile critic, and ground-breaking achiever in experimental auto-fiction, Þórbergur arguably remains among Iceland's most beloved 20th century authors.

Þórbergur was an autodidact. As recounted in his largely autobiographical works, Íslenzkur aðall (1938) and Ofvitinn (1940), Þórbergur lived in poverty for much of his youth and early adulthood and could not afford secondary or higher education.

The 1934 trial for offending Nazis[edit]

In January 1934, Þórbergur wrote a series of essays for the socialist daily Alþýðublaðið's feuilleton, titled "The Nazis' Sadistic Appetite" ("Kvalaþorsti nazista"[2]). Iceland's public prosecutor filed charges against Þórðarson for supposedly offensive clauses in the article, one of which labelled Adolf Hitler "a sadist". The Supreme Court of Iceland agreed with the prosecutor and found the author guilty of "derogating a foreign nation". The court sentenced Þórbergur to pay a fine of ISK 200.[3]

English translations[edit]

The relatively little of Þórbergur's work which has been translated into English consists mainly of fragments from his larger works. Portions of Íslenzkur aðall (1938) were published as In Search of My Beloved in 1967. In recent years, Professor Julian Meldon D'arcy has translated a fragment from Bréf til Láru (1924) as a short story, titled "When I got pregnant", as well as the first full book to appear in English translation: The Stones Speak (2012), Þórbergur's childhood memoirs, originally published as Steinarnir tala in 1956.

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1915: Hálfir skósólar
  • 1917: Spaks manns spjarir
  • 1922: Hvítir hrafnar (reprint of "Hálfir skósólar" and "Spaks manns spjarir")
  • 1924: Bréf til Láru
  • 1938: Íslenzkur aðall (Portions published in English as In Search of My Beloved by Twayne Publishers, 1967)
  • 1940–1941: Ofvitinn
  • 1945–1950: Ævisaga Árna Þórarinssonar prófasts, (memoirs of Árni Þórarinsson)
  • 1954–1955: Sálmurinn um blómið
  • 1956: Steinarnir tala (Published in English as The Stones Speak by Mál og menning, Reykjavík 2012)
  • 1960: Ritgerðir 1924–1959 (essays)
  • 1975: Í Suðursveit
  • 2010: In the Footsteps of a Storyteller (excerpts accompanied by photographs, Forlagið 2010)

Museum[edit]

On 30 June 2006, Þórbergssetur, a museum and cultural center in Hali, Suðursveit, Iceland devoted to Þórbergur's work, was inaugurated.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Icelandic)"Þórbergur Þórðarson: Æviferill". Thorbergur.is.  English translation
  2. ^ Þórbergur Þórðarson, „Kvalaþorsti nazista.“ í Alþýðublaðinu, 6. jan. 1934, bls. 2.
  3. ^ „Æra Hitlers metin á 200 krónur“, grein í Alþýðublaðinu, 103. tbl, 1. ágúst 1997, bls. 8.

References[edit]

  • Íslenska Alfræðiorðabókin P-Ö. 1990. Editors: Dóra Hafsteinsdóttir and Sigríður Harðardóttir. Örn og Örlygur hf., Reykjavík.

External links[edit]