Þingvallavatn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Þingvallavatn
Thingvallavatn.jpg
Fissures at the lake
Location Þingvellir National Park
Coordinates 64°11′N 21°09′W / 64.183°N 21.150°W / 64.183; -21.150Coordinates: 64°11′N 21°09′W / 64.183°N 21.150°W / 64.183; -21.150
Primary outflows Sog
Basin countries Iceland
Surface area 84 km2 (32 sq mi)[1]
Average depth 34 m (112 ft)[1]
Max. depth 114 m (374 ft)[1]
Water volume 2.856 km3 (0.685 cu mi)[1]
Residence time 11 months[2]
Islands Sandey

Þingvallavatn, anglicised as Thingvallavatn,[Note 1] is a rift valley lake in southwestern Iceland. With a surface of 84 km² it is the largest natural lake in Iceland. Its greatest depth is 114 m. At the northern shore of the lake, at Þingvellir (after which the lake is named), the Alþingi, the national parliament, was founded in the year 930, and held its sessions there until 1799.

The lake lies partially within Þingvellir National Park. The volcanic origin of the islands in the lake is clearly visible. The cracks and faults around it, of which the Almannagjá ravine is the largest, is where the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates meet. Silfra fissure is a popular scuba and snorkeling site. The only outflow from lake Þingvallavatn is the river Sog.

One of the noted features of the lake is the presence of four morphs of the Arctic charr.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The spelling Pingvallavatn is wrong as the letter “p” should never be used to represent the letter “þ” (thorn).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d EÖÞ. "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað er Þingvallavatn djúpt?". Visindavefur.hi.is. Retrieved 2016-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Fróðleiksmoli: dvalartími vatns | Fróðleiksmolar | Veðurstofa Íslands" (in Icelandic). Vedur.is. Retrieved 2016-04-23. 
  3. ^ Malmquist, H. J., Snorrason, S. S., Skulason, S., Jonsson, B., Sandlund, O. T., & Jonasson, P. M. (1992). Diet differentiation in polymorphic Arctic charr in Thingvallavatn, Iceland. Journal of Animal Ecology, 21-35.

External links[edit]