Ă (upper case) or ă (lower case), usually referred to in English as A-breve, is a letter used in standard Romanian language, Vietnamese language and Chuvash language orthographies. In Romanian, it is used to represent the mid-central unrounded vowel, while in Vietnamese it represents the short a sound. It is the second letter of both the Romanian, Vietnamese, and the pre-1972 Malaysian alphabets, after A.
The sound represented in Romanian by ă is a mid-central vowel /ə/, i.e. schwa. Unlike in English, Catalan or French but like in Bulgarian, Albanian and Afrikaans, it can be stressed. There are words in which it is the only vowel, such as "măr" /mər/ (apple) or "văd" /vəd/ (I see). Additionally, some words which also contain other vowels can have the stress on ă like in the examples "cărțile" /ˈkərt͡sile/ (the books) and "odăi" /oˈdəj/ (rooms).
Ă is the 2nd letter of the Vietnamese alphabet and represents /a/. Because Vietnamese is a tonal language this letter may have any one of the 5 tonal symbols above or below it (or even no accent at all, since the Vietnamese first tone is identified by the lack of accent marks). See Vietnamese phonology.
- Ằ ằ
- Ắ ắ
- Ẳ ẳ
- Ẵ ẵ
- Ặ ặ
The sound represented in pre-1972 Malaysian orthography by ă is a vowel. It occurred only in the final syllable of the root word such "mată" /matə/ (eye). The letter was replaced in 1972 with a in the New Rumi Spelling.
Pronunciation respelling for English
|Unicode name||LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH BREVE||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH BREVE|
|UTF-8||196 131||C4 83||196 130||C4 82|
|Numeric character reference||ă||ă||Ă||Ă|
|ISO 8859-1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16||259||103||258||102|
|Look up ă in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|