ČD Class 680

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ČD Class 680
Pendolino at Ostrava hl.n.jpg
ČD 680 departing Ostrava hlavní nádraží, heading to Košice, Slovakia.
České dráhy SuperCity Pendolino 2nd Class Interior.jpg
Refurbished Second Class carriage
ManufacturerAlstom (formerly Fiat Ferroviaria)
Family namePendolino
Constructed2004
Entered service2006
Number builtSeven 7-car sets
Formationsee text
Operator(s)České dráhy
Specifications
Train length185.3 m (607 ft 11+14 in)
Doors2 Pairs per-side
Maximum speed
  • Design: 230 km/h (143 mph)
  • Service: 200 km/h (125 mph)
  • Record: 237 km/h (147 mph)
Weight384.0 t (377.9 long tons; 423.3 short tons)
Traction systemPhase-fired thyristor control
Traction motors8 × 490 kW (660 hp)
Power output3,920 kW (5,260 hp)
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC, 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC and 3 kV DC, all from overhead catenary
Current collector(s)Pantograph
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ČD Supercity Pendolino
Intercity Services
km
0
Františkovy Lázně
7
Cheb
37
Mariánské Lázně
49
Planá u Mariánských Lázní
80
Stříbro
113
Plzeň hl.n.
222
Praha Smíchov
226
Praha hl.n.
330
Pardubice hl.n.
476
Olomouc hl.n.
577
Ostrava Svinov
582
Ostrava hl.n.
590
Bohumín

ČD Class 680 are EMUs operating in the Czech Republic, using tilting Pendolino technology intended for the SuperCity train service. Built by Alstom (originally Fiat Ferroviaria), they were largely based on the nine-car ETR 470. While testing from Břeclav to Brno on November 18, 2004, the Pendolino reached a speed of 237 km/h (147 mph) and created a new Czech railway speed record.[1] The units are able to operate on 25 kV 50 Hz AC, 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC and 3,000 V DC.

Refurbished interior in First Class

History[edit]

The initial Czech order for tilting trains was placed with Fiat Ferroviaria during 2000.[citation needed] As part of the Alstom take over of Fiat Ferroviaria the order was changed to Pendolino trains.[citation needed] The first set was delivered in 2004 as Pendolino ČD 680.

During the testing period, the train had problems with the Czech signaling system. The problems were reported to have been solved and the trains entered regular service in December 2005 between Prague and Ostrava. As of late January 2006, all five of the in-service trains suffered from software and operating problems, ranging from failing air conditioning and heating to malfunctions of the tilt controls. The supposedly ERTMS-compliant ATLAS control system is unable to properly connect several discrete systems, each based on different software platforms. Similar problems have also been reported with the Finnish VR Class Sm3. All problems were fixed.

In popular culture[edit]

The train was featured in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale. While in reality, the Pendolino does not actually operate the route, in the movie it was shown traveling from Switzerland to Montenegro. In the 2008 movie Wanted, the train was featured with real Czech Railways logo and equipment.

Formation[edit]

The seven car units are composed as:

Class Nº Type Class
681 Driving Motor 2nd
081 Trailer 1st
683 Motor Buffet 2nd
084 Trailer 2nd
684 Motor 2nd
082 Trailer 2nd
682 Driving Motor 2nd

Cars are individually numbered, with the driving motors carrying their numbers on the nose.

Operations[edit]

Pendolino is used primarily for the SuperCity train service, which is the fastet train service of ČD.

In December 2006 Czech Pendolinos were given permission to operate in Slovakia and Austria.[citation needed]

In 2009 and 2011, one pair of ČD 680s operated as SuperCity Slovenská strela between Prague and Bratislava. However, it was cancelled due to a low demand, since the train was not actually faster, but more expensive.[citation needed]

As of 2020 ČD Pendolinos operated nine trips a day in each direction on the SuperCity train service under the name SuperCity Pendolino which is running the Prague-Pardubice-Olomouc-Ostrava route, with some continuing to Bohumín and one continuing to the Slovak city of Košice under the name SuperCity Pendlino Košičan. Twice a day the service is as extended as an InterCity train from Prague to Františkovy Lázně via Plzeň.[2]

Accidents[edit]

  • On December 1, 2007 a Pendolino derailed in Prague. No one was injured but the train was severely damaged.[3]
  • On July 22, 2015 train SC 512 en route from Bohumín to Františkovy Lázně collided with a truck at a railway crossing. Three passengers died and 17 people were injured.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ martin (17 February 2005). "Portál Pendolino.cz - 237 km/h: Nový rychlostní rekord české železnice". Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  2. ^ "Jízdní řád SC Pendolino 2011/2012". SC Pendolino (in Czech). České dráhy. 11 December 2011. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012.
  3. ^ "Pendolino v Praze vykolejilo na poškozené kolejnici". idnes.cz (in Czech). 1 December 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2011.

External links[edit]