ČSD Class ES 499.1

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ČD ES 499.1
ČD 363 / ZSSK 363
Locomotive-cz-363180-2.jpg
ČD 363 170
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderŠkoda Works
Build datePrototype: 1980;
Production: 1984–1990
Total produced181
Specifications
Configuration:
 • AARB-B
 • UICBo′Bo′
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Length16,800 mm (55 ft 1 in)
Width2,940 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Height4,625 mm (15 ft 2.1 in)
Loco weight87 tonnes (86 long tons; 96 short tons)
Electric system/s3000 V DC
25 kV 50 Hz AC
overhead lines
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Traction motorsAL 4562 FiR
Performance figures
Maximum speed120 km/h (75 mph)
Power outputDC: 3,480 kW (4,667 hp);
AC: 3,060 kW (4,104 hp)
Tractive effort260 kN (58,450 lbf)
Career
OperatorsČSD » ČDČDC
ČSD » ŽSR » ZSSKZSCS
ClassČSD: ES 499.1, later 363;
ČD & ZSSK: 363
Number in classČSD: 181;
ČD & ČDC: 101;
ZSSK & ZSCS: 35
NumbersČSD: 499.1001 – 499.1042 (later 363 001 – 363 042); 363  043 – 363 181
ČD & ZSSK: in range 363 001 – 363 181
NicknamesEso
Driver's desk in 363 061
363 099-3, Slovakia

ČSD Class ES 499.1 is a class of electric locomotives used primarily for passenger trains in Czech Republic and Slovakia. Now classified as Class 363, these locomotives passed to České dráhy, rail operator in the Czech republic, and to ZSSK, rail operator in Slovakia. Class 363 is also used by ČD Cargo and ZSSK Cargo for hauling freight trains.[1] 363s are numerically the largest class of ČD locomotives.

ES 499.1 locomotives operate both on the 3,000 V DC system and the 25 kV 50 Hz AC system.

History[edit]

In 1980 Škoda produced ES 499.1001 and 1002 as prototype locomotives for the replacement of the existing ČSD fleet. Production series locomotives started to be delivered in 1984. Two single system derivatives were also created S 499.2 (AC) and E 499.3 (DC). During 1990 further development to run at 140 km/h lead to the ČD Class 362, but an order for 30 locos was canceled due to financial problems. Some ČD Class 363 and ŽSR Class 363 locomotives are being rebuilt as 362s.

Power regulation[edit]

In 1980, these locomotives were the world's first multisystem locomotives with power thyristor pulse regulation. This regulation has minimal losses compared to older resistive regulation with much higher losses. This gave the locomotive its characteristic sound in three frequencies (the first is 33,3 Hz, the second is 100 Hz and the third is 300 Hz) when locomotive accelerating.

Usage[edit]

363s are currently used to haul these services

Disposition[2][edit]

363 002 ČD
363 003 - 363 016 ČD Cargo
363 018 ČD Cargo
363 020 ČD Cargo
363 022 ČD Cargo
363 025 - 363 026 ČD Cargo
363 028 - 363 029 ČD Cargo
363 030 ČD
363 031 - 363 032 ČD Cargo
363 034 - 363 038 ČD Cargo
363 041 ČD Cargo
363 043 - 363 045 ČD Cargo
363 047 - 363 051 ČD Cargo
363 054 ČD
363 058 - 363 059 ČD Cargo
363 061 ČD
363 063 ČD Cargo
363 064 ČD
363 065 - 363 067 ČD Cargo
363 069 ČD
363 071 ČD
363 072 - 363 075 ČD Cargo
363 088 - 363 100 ZSSK Cargo
363 101 ZSSK
363 102 - 363 106 ZSSK Cargo
363 107 ZSSK
363 114 ČD
363 132 ČD
363 133 - 363 137 ZSSK
363 138 - 363 142 ZSSK Cargo
363 143 - 363 147 ZSSK

As of June 23, 2008, 12 363s remained in service with ZSSK,[3] 23 with ZSSK Cargo,[4] 63 with ČD[5] and 47 with ČD Cargo.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CROSS REFERENCE OF CD and ZSR Locomotive classes". Archived from the original on 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  2. ^ Jozef Kollár. "Rušne radu 363 (ES 499.1)". Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  3. ^ Garin, M@jo, Peršing. "Dislokácie". Retrieved 2008-06-23.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Garin, M@jo, Peršing. "Dislokácie". Retrieved 2008-06-23.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Marco van Uden. "CD locomotives and shunters". Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  6. ^ Marco van Uden. "CD Cargo locomotives and shunters". Retrieved 2008-06-23.

External links[edit]