Čadca

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Čadca
Town
Čadca - town center
Čadca - town center
Coat of arms of Čadca
Coat of arms
Čadca is located in Slovakia
Čadca
Čadca
Location in Slovakia
Coordinates: 49°26′09″N 18°47′32″E / 49.43583°N 18.79222°E / 49.43583; 18.79222Coordinates: 49°26′09″N 18°47′32″E / 49.43583°N 18.79222°E / 49.43583; 18.79222
CountrySlovakia
RegionŽilina
DistrictČadca
First mentioned1565
Government
 • MayorMilan Gura
Area
 • Total56.792 km2 (21.928 sq mi)
Elevation
420 m (1,380 ft)
Population
(2010-12-31)
 • Total24,959
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
022 01
Area code(s)+421-41
Car plateCA
Websitewww.mestocadca.sk

Čadca (About this soundpronunciation ; until 1918 Čatca, Czača, Hungarian: Csaca, Polish: Czadca) is a district town in northern Slovakia, near the border with Poland and the Czech Republic.

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from a word čad (smoke, soot; Proto-Slavic: čadъ, Slovak/Czech: čad, Polish: czad ).[1] The form Čadca is a toponymic appellative. The name was probably motivated by the burning glades.

Geography[edit]

It is located south of the Jablunkov Pass, surrounded by the Javorníky, Kysucké Beskydy and Turzovská vrchovina mountain ranges. It lies in the valley of the Kysuca river, around 30 kilometres (19 miles) north of Žilina and is part of the historic region of Kysuce. A Goral minority lives in the surroundings.

History[edit]

The town was established in the 17th century; the first written reference dates back to 1565 as Tzaczcka. The town charter was granted in 1778.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the town had 24,959 inhabitants with 2.2% Czech and 0.4% Roma.[2] The religious make-up was 82.97% Roman Catholics and 0.36% Lutherans; most of others stated no religious affiliation.[3]

History[edit]

One of the world's largest (and last) producers of vacuum tubes, JJ Electronic has a factory in Čadca.

Transport[edit]

Čadca railway station is the town's main station. It forms part of the cross-border Žilina–Čadca–Svrčinovec zastávka–Mosty u Jablunkova railway (to the Czech Republic), and is also a junction station for two other lines, one of them also cross-border (to Poland).

The station offers services to several destinations in the two cross-border countries. For the Czech Republic, there are many trains to Ostrava, Bohumin or Prague, operated by trains of the České dráhy and LEO Express companies, and to Poland, there are trains towards Zwardoń.

Notable people[edit]

Ľubomír Michalík, footballer (1983-)

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Čadca is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krajčovič, Rudolf (2008). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (7)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (1): 34.
  2. ^ "Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic" (PDF). Obyvateľstvo trvalo bývajúce v obciach SR podľa národnosti, SODB 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
  3. ^ "Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic" (PDF). Obyvateľstvo trvalo bývajúce v obciach SR podľa náboženského vyznania, SODB 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
  4. ^ "Internetowy Serwis Miejski". zywiec.pl. 2008-06-20. Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
  5. ^ "Miasta bliźniacze Torunia" [Toruń's twin towns]. Urząd Miasta Torunia [City of Toruń Council] (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-22.

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1742-1902 (parish A)

External links[edit]