Český Šternberk Castle

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Coordinates: 49°48′54″N 14°55′36″E / 49.815°N 14.926667°E / 49.815; 14.926667

Český Šternberk Castle
Hrad Český Šternberk
Castle - Český Šternberk.jpg
The eastern view of the castle Český Šternberk
Český Šternberk Castle is located in Czech Republic
Český Šternberk Castle
Location within Czech Republic
General information
Type Medieval castle
Architectural style Gothic architecture, Baroque, Rococo
Location Český Šternberk, Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic
Country Czech Republic
Coordinates 49°48′54″N 14°55′36″E / 49.81500°N 14.92667°E / 49.81500; 14.92667
Elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
Owner Zdenek Sternberg[1]
Sternberk Castle overlooking the River Sazava and the village to the east

Český Šternberk Castle (Czech: Hrad Český Šternberk) is a Bohemian castle of the mid-13th century, located on the west side of the River Sazava overlooking the village with the same name of the Central Bohemian Region in Czech Republic. It is an early Gothic castle which was constructed, named and still owned by members of the same family.[1][2] Český Šternberk Castle is today a residence that bears a long historical and architectural heritage and represents an attractive tourist destination open to the public. It is considered one of the best preserved Gothic Bohemian castles.[3]

Name[edit]

The name Šternberk derives from the German language and is the Czech spelling of the German composite word Sternberg (literally meaning "Starmountain": Stern meaning "star" and Berg meaning "mountain").[4] It originates from the founder of the castle, Zdeslav of Divisov's coat of arms, bearing an eight-pointed golden star. Eventually he changed his surname to Sternberg and the heraldic symbol was accompanied by the motto: "The star that never falls down".[5][6]

History[edit]

The castle was initially built in 1241 by Zdeslav of Divisov, later called Zdeslav Sternberg.[1][6] The development of new firearms in the 14th century posed an unexpected threat to the defensibility of the castle. Its 13th century architects hadn't foreseen the danger of long-range firearms and its reinforcement became a necessity.[7] During this period the Český Šternberk castle's fortifications were improved through the construction in the north of a three-story tower, which was connected to the castle by a rampart.[7] In 1467 the castle was seized by the royal armies of George of Poděbrady (Czech: Jiří z Poděbrad).[1][2][8] Later, the ruined castle was regained by Šternberk's aristocracy, who, by the turn of the 15th to 16th century, had reconstructed the castle, renewed its defensive system and expanded it with the construction of a new cylindrical tower in the south and the Dungeon in the north. The castle managed to survive the looting of the rebels in 1627, during the Thirty Years' War.[1][7] With the death of Jan Václav in 1712, the Holicý branch of the Sternberg family died out and its ownership passed to other families, who in 1751 built the lower palace next to the surrounding wall.

The ownership of the castle was returned to the Sternberg family in 1841 when Zdeněk of Sternberg from the Konopiště branch of the family bought it. It remained in Sternberg's ownership until 1949 when it was "nationalized" by the Communist government of the Republic of Czechoslovakia.[1] The family moved to a small flat in Prague and Jiří Sternberk, agreed to work as a steward in his own property and gave tours within the castle, which became a sightseeing spot.[6] After the fall of Communism and the Velvet Revolution, in 1992, thanks to the restitution's law, Český Šternberk castle returned to Jiří's son, the count Zdeněk Sternberg, the current owner of the castle.[1][7]

Architecture[edit]

Český Šternberk Castle was originally built as a Gothic castle[9] Eventually it underwent several periods of reconstructions and further fortification and the Gothic architectural features were in parts concealed by the new reconstructions. Especially the interiors of the castle were realized under the Baroque and Rococo styles.[10] In 1760, the master Carlo Brentano performed the elaborate stuccoing and renderings of the halls' interiors.[3] The castle offers a rare collection of 545 copper engravings, depicting the entire history of the Thirty Years' War.[10] Also, historical weapons and hunting trophies are exhibited within the castle’s halls.[2]

Location[edit]

The castle is located within Benešov District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It stands on top of a steep granite cliff on the western banks of Sázava river in the market town of Český Šternberk, at 50 kilometres (31 mi) driving distance southeast of the capital Prague (45 kilometres (28 mi) as the crow flies) along D1 motorway.[3]

In popular culture[edit]

Český Šternberk castle appears in several scenes throughout the Albanian-Czech romantic drama film The Sorrow of Mrs. Schneider (Czech: Smutek paní Snajdrové). The events of the film take place in 1961, in Český Šternberk and the role of the count Jiří Sternberg, the father of today's owner of the castle Zdenek Sternberg, is portrayed by the internationally acclaimed Italian actor Michele Placido.[11][12]

Count Zdenek Sternberg, happy to meet the Italian actor and after learning that he was interpreting his father in the movie, generously offered free use of the castle’s spaces. Anyway, he couldn’t meet with Michele Placido after falling ill during the filming days.[13] There is a whole considerable scene within Český Šternberk castle, a remarkable dialogue between the movie’s main character and count Sternberg (Placido).[13]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Cesky Sternberk Castle". praguevisit.wordpress.com. February 18, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Český Šternberk castle and Kutná Hora". chisa.cz. Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Wilkinson, Don (2009). Daytrips Prague and the Czech Republic. Lonely Planet. pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-0-8038-2074-6. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  4. ^ Smith, Elsdon Coles (2003). American surnames. USA: Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-8063-1150-0. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ "PAST AND PRESENT". Hrad Český Šternberk. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Kay Grigar (July 7, 2004). "The Castle of Cesky Sternberk persists through the centuries". Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Transformations of Český Šternberk over the centuries". Hrad Český Šternberk. 2005. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 
  8. ^ Č.Budějovice (2000). "Český Šternberk". zamky-hrady.cz. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  9. ^ Humphreys, Rob; Tim Nollen (2002). Rough guide to the Czech & Slovak Republics. Rough Guides. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8038-2074-6. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  10. ^ a b "Public Viewing". Hrad Český Šternberk. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 
  11. ^ "President Topi met with the well famed Italian actor, Michele Placido". president.al. March 13, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  12. ^ "The Sadness of Mrs. Snajdrova". IMDB. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b ""Katani": Dua të bëj edhe një film për Shqipërinë" (in Albanian). Gazeta SHQIP. March 12, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 

External links[edit]