Folk architecture in Čičmany
|• Total||9.00 km2 (3.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||655 m (2,149 ft)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Postal code||013 15|
|Area code(s)||+421-0 43|
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Čičmany (Hungarian: Csicsmány, German: Zimmermannshau) is a village and municipality in Žilina District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia. It is known as the first folk architecture reserve in the world (founded in 1977).
The first preserved reference to the village dates from 1272 (Cziczman). After a great fire in 1921, the village was restored to its original appearance with generous contributions by the state. Until the mid-20th century, the village was a centre of sheep raising.
Timbered houses with ridge roofs, galleries and pointed or linear wall decorations have been preserved in Čičmany. Of particular interest are the very specific white patterns which are painted on the exterior walls of the houses to decorate them. Recent research discovered resemblance between some of the Čičmany patterns to Runic letters symbolizing harmony, stability and fertility. The local folk music, special folk costumes and folk dances of the village have been preserved as well.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1729–1918 (parish A)
- Krajčovič, Rudolf (2008). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (8)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (2): 95.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Čičmany.|
- Surnames of living people in Čičmany
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