Čičmany

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Čičmany
Village
Folk architecture in Čičmany
Folk architecture in Čičmany
Čičmany is located in Slovakia
Čičmany
Čičmany
Location of Čičmany in Slovakia
Coordinates: 48°57′N 18°31′E / 48.950°N 18.517°E / 48.950; 18.517Coordinates: 48°57′N 18°31′E / 48.950°N 18.517°E / 48.950; 18.517
CountrySlovakia
RegionŽilina
DistrictŽilina
Area
 • Total9.00 km2 (3.47 sq mi)
Elevation655 m (2,149 ft)
Population (2004-12-31)
 • Total204
 • Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Postal code013 15
Area code(s)+421-0 43
Car plateZA
Websitewww.obeccicmany.sk

Čičmany (Hungarian: Csicsmány, German: Zimmermannshau) is a village and municipality in Žilina District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia. It is known as the first folk architecture reserve in the world (founded in 1977).[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from a Slovak word čičman (a lumberjack who makes a noise during the work).[1]

History[edit]

The first preserved reference to the village dates from 1272 (Cziczman). After a great fire in 1921, the village was restored to its original appearance with generous contributions by the state. Until the mid-20th century, the village was a centre of sheep raising.

Geography[edit]

The municipality lies at an altitude of 655 metres (2,149 feet) and covers an area of 25.611 square kilometres (9.888 sq mi). It has a population of about 204 people.

Culture[edit]

Timbered houses with ridge roofs, galleries and pointed or linear wall decorations have been preserved in Čičmany. Of particular interest are the very specific white patterns which are painted on the exterior walls of the houses to decorate them. Recent research discovered resemblance between some of the Čičmany patterns to Runic letters symbolizing harmony, stability and fertility. The local folk music, special folk costumes and folk dances of the village have been preserved as well.

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1729–1918 (parish A)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krajčovič, Rudolf (2008). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (8)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (2): 95.

External links[edit]