Čiovo

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Čiovo
Остров Чиово, Croatia - panoramio (5).jpg
Čiovo
Croatia - Ciovo.PNG
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
Coordinates43°30′N 16°17′E / 43.500°N 16.283°E / 43.500; 16.283Coordinates: 43°30′N 16°17′E / 43.500°N 16.283°E / 43.500; 16.283
Area28.8 km2 (11.1 sq mi)
Length15.3 km (9.51 mi)
Width3.5 km (2.17 mi)
Highest elevation218 m (715 ft)
Highest pointRudine
Administration
Croatia
CountySplit-Dalmatia
Demographics
Population5,908 (2011)

Čiovo (pronounced [tʃîɔv̞ɔ]; Italian: Bua) is an island located off the Adriatic coast in Croatia with an area of 28.8 square kilometres (11.1 sq mi) (length 15.3 km (9.5 mi), width up to 3.5 km (2.2 mi)),[1] population of 5,908 inhabitants (2011)[2] and its highest peak is 218 m (Rudine).

The centre of the island has geographical coordinates 43°30′N 16°17′E / 43.500°N 16.283°E / 43.500; 16.283, and the annual rainfall is about 900 mm (35 in).

Geography[edit]

Čiovo is located in central Dalmatia, protecting the town of Trogir and Kaštela gulf. On its SE part it is only two km distant from the cape Marjan, on its northern part it is connected to the mainland with a small bascule bridge in the old centre of Trogir, and actually Trogir spread itself onto the island. Besides the portion of Trogir, on the island there are several villages: Arbanija, Žedno, Okrug Gornji, Okrug Donji, Slatine and Prizidnica.

The vegetation is typically Mediterranean, consisting mainly in understory (holm oak, myrtle, wormwood, juniper etc.). On the northern side (exposed to the wind bura) are forests of pine and cypress. Major crops include olives, figs, almonds, vines and citrus fruit.

Connection to the mainland[edit]

View towards the Čiovo—mainland bridge

Since 1964 the island was connected by a bridge to Trogir which is itself connected to the mainland by another bridge.[3] The development of tourism though generated so much traffic that this connection suffered severe capacity shortages in high season.

A construction of a new bridge which connects Čiovo directly with the mainland began in February 2015. It was opened to traffic on July 17, 2018.[4] The new 546,34 m long bascule bridge is located in about 1 km East the old one.[5][6] Its navigational clearance when spans are closed is 6 metres.[7]

History[edit]

The remains of forts and walls, as well as the artefacts dating back to the Antiquity, indicate that the Island of Čiovo, on the western side of which there is the present-day Municipality of Okrug, was already inhabited in the prehistoric times. During the period of the Roman Empire it served as a shelter for the exiled, and in the 5th century it also became an eremitic retreat. If we exclude the religious hermits who used to live next to picturesque churches that may still be seen today, during the second half of the early Middle Ages the Island was not inhabited. The situation changed in 1451 when, due to ever more frequent Ottoman sieges, the Republic of Venice, under the dominion of which the Town of Trogir had been since the year 1420, allowed the population of the Dalmatian interior[8] to settle onto the nearby islands. In the Middle Ages, Čiovo had many villages and it was a place for lepers. Remains of the pre-Romanesque church of St. Peter have been found near Slatine, in the Supetar cove. The medieval church of St. Maurice (Sv. Mavro) has been preserved in Žedno and the pre-Romanesque church of Our Lady at the Sea (Gospa pokraj mora). The population of Čiovo increased in the 15th century through the settlement of refugees who fled from the Turks.[9] Simultaneously, the suburban areas of Trogir also extended to Čiovo.

A small chapel named Lady of Prizidnice (Gospe od Prizidnice) located on the south side of the island can still be visited today. Owing to its hidden location, it was used as a safe place to hold ceremonies during the occupation of the Turks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. doi:10.15291/geoadria.127. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  2. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  3. ^ Gordana Dragan (23 May 2018). "Službeno ime čiovskog mosta izazvalo šok i nevjericu u Trogiru ..." Slobodna Dalmacija.
  4. ^ D. Gudić (17 July 2018). "Otvoren je novi čiovski most! ..." Slobodna Dalmacija.
  5. ^ Most Kopno - otok Čiovo (PDF). Hrvatske ceste i Viadukt d.d. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  6. ^ Jadranka Matić (3 July 2018). "Je li konačno stiže kraj gužvama od Trogira do Čiova? ..." Slobodna Dalmacija.
  7. ^ J.Radić, Z. Šavor, G. Hrelja Kovačević, N. Mujkanović (2015). Most kopno - otok Čiovo s pristupnim cestama u Trogiru (in Croatian). p. 30. ISBN 978-953-6272-78-5.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ ":: About Okrug - A Few Facts About its History:: The Official Website of the Tourist Board of the Municipality of Okrug :: As Part of the Tourist Board of the Split - Dalmatia County".
  9. ^ Croatia by Robin and Jenny McKelvie