Čukarica

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Čukarica
Чукарица
Urban neighborhood and municipality
Coat of arms of Čukarica
Coat of arms
Location of Čukarica within the city of Belgrade
Location of Čukarica within the city of Belgrade
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
Country  Serbia
City Belgrade
Status Municipality
Settlements 8
Government
 • Type Municipality of Belgrade
 • Mun. president Srdjan Kolaric (SNS)
Area
 • Total 155 km2 (60 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 179,031
 • Density 1,155/km2 (2,990/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11030
Area code(s) +381(0)11
Car plates BG
Website www.cukarica.rs

Čukarica (Serbian Cyrillic: Чукарица, pronounced [t͡ʃukǎrit͡sa]) is an urban neighborhood and one of the 17 municipalities that constitute the city of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.

Municipality[edit]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Municipality of Čukarica covers an area of 155 km2 (60 sq mi) and it is divided in the urban and suburban part.

Urban part of the municipality is completely within the Belgrade City proper, comprising many neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods, some of which used to be separate towns until the 1970s before Belgrade expanded that much to make urban connection to them (Žarkovo, Železnik):

The suburban part comprises seven suburban settlements, four of them classified as urban and three as rural settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 29,028 —    
1953 33,443 +15.2%
1961 50,581 +51.2%
1971 102,254 +102.2%
1981 132,123 +29.2%
1991 154,632 +17.0%
2002 168,508 +9.0%
2011 181,231 +7.6%
Source: [1]

The municipality has a population of 181,231 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census results. That makes Čukarica the second most populous municipality of Belgrade (after Novi Beograd), but it is also the fastest growing one in terms of absolute growth of population (relative, about 1.05% annually). Despite having also a rural part, the municipality is very densely populated – 1,155/km2 (2,990/sq mi).

Ethnic structure (2002): Serbs 91.3%, Montenegrins 1.4%, Romani 1.1%, Yugoslavs 1.1%, ethnic Macedonians 0.5%, Croats 0.5%.

Location and Importance[edit]

Čukarica is completely surrounded by other municipalities of Belgrade: it is bordered by the Sava river to the west, municipalities of Savski Venac to the north and northeast, Rakovica to the east, Voždovac to the southeast, Barajevo to the south and Obrenovac to the southwest.

Municipality is located southwest from the downtown Belgrade. It comprises the vast marshy woods of Makiš, on the eastern bank of the Sava river and the largest river island in Belgrade, Ada Ciganlija. At the suburb of Sremčica, Beogradski merokras, the most northern terrain made of limestone (karst) is located.

Several of the most important roads in western Serbia start here, Ibarska magistrala, Savska magistrala, Obrenovački put, etc. Also, the largest and most important freight train station and marshalling yard in the area and the main installations of the Belgrade waterworks, including the water factory, are located in the municipality (Makiš).

Čukarica was the first part of Belgrade that developed industry, in the late 19th and early 20th century and still is one of the most industrialized parts of Belgrade (Železnik, Žarkovo, Bele Vode), with commercial sections of the municipalities booming in the last 20 years (Banovo Brdo).

Officially the longest street in Belgrade, Obrenovački put (Obrenovač road) is located in the municipality. According to Belgrade's Directory of Roads, it is 11 kilometers long.[2] However, as the road passes through the forests and mainly uninhabited areas and stretches outside the urban Belgrade City proper (uža teritorija grada), most Belgraders consider the 7.5-kilometer-long Bulevar kralja Aleksandra to be the longest street. While Obrenovač road runs only through one municipality (Čukarica), Bulevar kralja Aleksandra connects four of them: Stari Grad, Vračar, Palilula and Zvezdara.

History[edit]

Municipality of Čukarica was established for the first time on 30 December 1911. After World War II when Belgrade municipalities were abolished and city divided in districts (rejon/рејон), Čukarica was part of Rejon VII 1945–50. Municipality was re-established in 1957. In 1960. the neighboring municipalities of Umka and Rakovica were incorporated into Čukarica, but Rakovica became separate municipality again in 1974.

Politics[edit]

Historical Presidents of the Municipal Assembly since 1989:

  • 1989 – 1992: Predrag Petrović (1950)
  • 1992 – Feb 1997: Vladimir Matić (1957)
  • February 1997 – 18 November 2004: Zoran Alimpić (1965)
  • 18 November 2004 – 23 June 2008: Dragan Tešić (1960)
  • 23 June 2008 – 6 June 2012: Milan Tlačinac (1964)
  • 6 June 2012 – 19 March 2014: Zoran Gajić (1967)
  • 19 March 2014 – present : Srdjan Kolaric (1965)

Neighborhood[edit]

The neighborhood of Čukarica, which gave the name to the entire municipality, is located on a hill above the eastern bank of the Sava river. It is bordered by Careva Ćuprija and Senjak to the north, Banovo Brdo

International cooperation[edit]

Čukarica is twinned with following cities and municipalities:[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Politika, April 26, 2008, p.30
  3. ^ [1] Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°47′N 20°25′E / 44.783°N 20.417°E / 44.783; 20.417