Čukarica

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Čukarica
Чукарица
Municipality
Coat of arms of Čukarica
Coat of arms
Location of Čukarica within the city of Belgrade
Location of Čukarica within the city of Belgrade
Country  Serbia
City Belgrade
Status Municipality
Settlements 8
Government
 • Type Municipality of Belgrade
 • Mun. president Srđan Kolarić (SNS)
Area
 • Total 157 km2 (61 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 179,031
 • Density 1,155/km2 (2,990/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11030
Area code(s) +381(0)11
Car plates BG
Website www.cukarica.rs

Čukarica (Serbian Cyrillic: Чукарица, pronounced [t͡ʃukǎrit͡sa]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade.

Name[edit]

Like several other neighborhoods of Belgrade, Čukarica was named after kafana. At the present location of the Sugar Refinery, there was a kafana in the second half of the 19th century. It was very popular as it was located at the point where two roads, one from Obrenovac and other from Šumadija, meet at the entrance to Belgrade. It was owned by Stojko Čukar and after him the kafana was named “Čukareva kafana” which later gave name to the settlement.[1]

History[edit]

Municipality of Čukarica was established for the first time on 30 December 1911. After a popular referendum, inhabitants of Čukarica voted to split from the municipality of Žarkovo and as a result were given the municipal status by the king Peter I of Serbia. Popular folklore rivalry still exists among the inhabitants of Čukarica and Žarkovo, even though today they are both part of Belgrade.[1]

The first president of the municipality was an industrialist with the surname Novak, who emigrated from the Czech Republic. He changed his surname to the Serbian version Novaković and his direct descendants are the actress Olivera Marković (granddaughter) and her son, director Goran Marković (great-grandson).[1]

After the liberation in World War I in 1918, Čukarica administratively became part of Belgrade.[2] After World War II when Belgrade municipalities were abolished and the city divided into districts (rejon/рејон), Čukarica was part of Rejon VII 1945–50. Municipalities were re-established in 1957. In 1960. the neighboring municipalities of Umka and Rakovica were incorporated into Čukarica, but Rakovica became a separate municipality again in 1974.

Location[edit]

Čukarica is completely surrounded by other municipalities of Belgrade: it is bordered by the Sava river to the west, municipalities of Savski Venac to the north and northeast, Rakovica to the east, Voždovac to the southeast, Barajevo to the south and Obrenovac to the southwest.

Municipality is located southwest from the downtown Belgrade. It comprises the vast marshy woods of Makiš, on the eastern bank of the Sava river and the largest river island in Belgrade, Ada Ciganlija. At the suburb of Sremčica, Beogradski merokras, the most northern terrain made of limestone (karst) is located.

Several of the most important roads in western Serbia start here: Lazarevac Road, Ibar Highway, Sava Highway, New Obrenovac Road, Old Obrenovac Road, etc. Also, the largest and most important freight train station and marshalling yard in the area (Belgrade marshalling yard) and the main installations of the Belgrade waterworks, including the water factory, are located in the municipality (Makiš).

Čukarica was the first part of Belgrade that developed industry, in the late 19th and early 20th century and still is one of the most industrialized parts of Belgrade (Železnik, Žarkovo, Bele Vode), with commercial sections of the municipalities booming in the last 20 years (Banovo Brdo).

Officially the longest street in Belgrade, Obrenovački put (Obrenovač road) is located in the municipality. According to Belgrade's Directory of Roads, it is 11 kilometers long.[3] However, as the road passes through the forests and mainly uninhabited areas and stretches outside the urban Belgrade City proper (uža teritorija grada), most Belgraders consider the 7.5-kilometer-long Bulevar kralja Aleksandra to be the longest street. While Obrenovač road runs only through one municipality (Čukarica), Bulevar kralja Aleksandra connects four of them: Stari Grad, Vračar, Palilula and Zvezdara.

Neighborhoods[edit]

The municipality of Čukarica covers an area of 155 km2 (60 sq mi) and it is divided in the urban and suburban part. The urban part of the municipality is completely within the Belgrade City proper, comprising many neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods, some of which used to be separate towns until the 1970s before Belgrade expanded that much to make urban connection to them (Žarkovo, Železnik). The neighborhood of Čukarica, which gave the name to the entire municipality, is located on a hill above the eastern bank of the Sava river. It is bordered by Careva Ćuprija and Senjak to the north, Banovo Brdo.

This is a list of the neighborhoods that comprise the municipality:

The suburban part comprises seven suburban settlements, four of them classified as urban and three as rural settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194829,028—    
195333,443+2.87%
196150,581+5.31%
1971102,254+7.29%
1981132,123+2.60%
1991154,632+1.59%
2002168,508+0.78%
2011181,231+0.81%
Source: [4]

The municipality has a population of 181,231 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census results. That makes Čukarica the second most populous municipality of Belgrade (after Novi Beograd), but it is also the fastest growing one in terms of absolute growth of population (relative, about 1.05% annually). Despite having also a rural parts, the municipality is very densely populated – 1,155/km2 (2,990/sq mi).

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[5]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 166,258
Romani 3,163
Montenegrins 1,137
Macedonians 794
Croats 713
Yugoslavs 648
Gorani 352
Muslims 242
Hungarians 164
Bulgarians 155
Bosniaks 137
Russians 120
Albanians 108
Slovenians 156
Others 7,084
Total 181,231

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 48
Mining 20
Processing industry 5,101
Distribution of power, gas and water 414
Distribution of water and water waste management 1,171
Construction 2,509
Wholesale and retail, repair 8,835
Traffic, storage and communication 3,115
Hotels and restaurants 1,350
Media and telecommunications 1,784
Finance and insurance 942
Property stock and charter 127
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 2,421
Administrative and other services 1,951
Administration and social assurance 1,503
Education 2,712
Healthcare and social work 2,330
Art, leisure and recreation 805
Other services 939
Total 38,079

Politics[edit]

Historical Presidents of the Municipal Assembly since 1989:

  • 1989 – 1992: Predrag Petrović (1950)
  • 1992 – Feb 1997: Vladimir Matić (1957)
  • February 1997 – 18 November 2004: Zoran Alimpić (1965)
  • 18 November 2004 – 23 June 2008: Dragan Tešić (1960)
  • 23 June 2008 – 6 June 2012: Milan Tlačinac (1964)
  • 6 June 2012 – 19 March 2014: Zoran Gajić (1967)
  • 19 March 2014 – present : Srdjan Kolaric (1965)

International cooperation[edit]

Čukarica is twinned with following cities and municipalities:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Branka Vasiljević (26 December 2011). "Stotinu čukaričkih svećica" (in Serbian). Politika. 
  2. ^ Slobodan Kljakić (2 August 2010), "Od šest kvartova do sedamnaest opština" [From six quarters to seventeen municipalities], Politika (in Serbian) 
  3. ^ Politika, April 26, 2008, p.30
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018. 
  6. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  7. ^ [1] Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°47′N 20°25′E / 44.783°N 20.417°E / 44.783; 20.417