Đàng Trong (Hán tự: 唐冲, lit. "Inner Land"), also known as Nam Hà (Hán tự: 南河, "South of the River"), was the region in Central Vietnam, later enlarged by the Vietnamese southward expansion to become Cochinchina. The word "Đàng Trong" first appeared in the Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum by Alexandre de Rhodes.
Đàng Trong was a de facto independent kingdom ruled by the Nguyễn lords while they claimed to be loyal subjects of the Lê emperors in Thăng Long (Hanoi). It was bordered by Đàng Ngoài along the Linh River (modern Gianh River in Quảng Bình Province). Nguyễn rulers titled themselves as Chúa ("Lord") instead of Vua or king until Lord Nguyễn Phúc Khoát claimed the title Vũ Vương ("Martial King") in 1774. The country did not have an official name (quốc hiệu), foreigners often called the kingdom Quảng Nam Quốc (Chinese: 廣南國; pinyin: guǎng nán guó), after the Quảng Nam Governorate where the important harbor Hội An (Faifo) located.
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- Albert Schroeder (1904). Chronologie des souverains de l'Annam par Albert Schroeder (in French). p. 24.
Nguyễn 阮: Dits les seigneurs du Sud ou Chúa đàng trong 主唐冲.
- Nguyễn Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries ed. Tana Li p99 onwards "Life in Đàng Trong: A New Way of Being Vietnamese"
- Việt Nam sử lược, vol. 2, chap. 6
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