Town of Đakovo
|• Mayor||Marin Mandarić (HDZ)|
|• Town||170 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||111 m (364 ft)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||+385 31|
|Arable land area||13,505 ha|
|Forested land area||2,044 ha|
Đakovo (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈdʑakɔʋɔ]; Hungarian: Diakovár) is a town in the region of Slavonia, Croatia. Đakovo is the centre of the fertile and rich Đakovo region (Croatian: Đakovština [d͡ʑakǒːʋʃtina]).
The etymology of the name is the Greek: διάκος (diákos) in Slavic form đak (pupil). The Hungarian diák word has the same Greek origin and as such it's uncertain whether the name came directly from Greek or via Hungarian or local Slavic form.
The settlement's first mention in historical documents dates from 1239 when Béla IV of Hungary granted it to the Diocese of Bosnia (Latin: Dioecesis Bosniensis), and the Bishop moved his seat here in 1246. The predecessor to the newer St. Peter's Cathedral was built in 1355. In 1374 the settlement is documented under the name Dyacou. Croatian rebels in 1386 on 25 July captured Queen Mary of Hungary and her mother Elizabeth near the settlement.
The Ottoman rule over Đakovo started in 1536 and lasted for nearly 150 years. It was a kaza administrative center in Sanjak of Pojega and was known as "Yakova" during this period. In 1805 a Lipizzan horse herd was evacuated to Đakovo when Napoleon invaded Austria & Hungary and a part of the herd remained permanently there. In a 1910 census the settlement's total population of 6304 was made of 4894 Croatians, 890 Germans, 249 Hungarians and 164 Serbians. In the late 19th and early 20th century the settlement was a district capital in the Virovitica County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen. From 1 December 1941 until 7 July 1942 the Ustaše established and operated the Đakovo internment camp, mostly for Jewish, Roma and Serb women and children.
Đakovo is located 37 km (23 mi) to the southwest of Osijek and 34 km (21 mi) southeast of Našice; elevation 111 m. It is located near the A5 motorway, at the intersection of the D7 state road to Osijek, the arterial roads D38 to Požega, D46 to Vinkovci and the connecting road D515 to Našice.
- Budrovci, population 1,260
- Đakovo, population 19,491
- Đurđanci, population 425
- Ivanovci Đakovački, population 580
- Kuševac, population 1,028
- Novi Perkovci, population 246
- Piškorevci, population 1,907
- Selci Đakovački, population 1,796
- Široko Polje, population 1,012
Chief occupations include farming, livestock breeding, leather and wool processing; horse selection centre; major industries are wood processing (furniture), textiles, chemicals and food processing, building material, printing and tourism.
The Cathedral basilica of St. Peter in Đakovo is the town's most famous landmark and the most important sacral object, not only in Đakovo but also throughout the whole region of Slavonia. The cathedral was built 1866-1882 under Josip Juraj Strossmayer, then the Catholic bishop of Đakovo and Srijem. The landscaped park from the 19th century near the bishop's palace is a horticultural monument under special protection as well as the nearby Small Park (Mali Park) dating from the turn of the 19th/20th century.
The central traditional event is called Đakovački vezovi (Đakovo Embroidery). It is a folklore show of the regions Slavonia and Baranja that is organized yearly in the beginning of July, and it presents traditional folk costumes, folklore dancing and singing groups, customs. The cathedral hosts choirs, opera artists, and art exhibitions are organized in the exhibition salon. The horse and wedding wagon show is a special part of the program. During the sports program, pure-bred white Lipizzaner horses can be seen on the racecourse. They come from the horse-breeding centre in Ivandvor, which has been breeding horses ever since 1506.
The town and the surroundings offer many sports and recreation facilities, such as tennis courts, racecourse, gym, swimming pool, etc. The lakes Jošava, Mlinac, Borovik as well as fishponds, backwaters and canals offer fine angling opportunities. High and low game hunting is possible in the immediate surroundings or farther on the Dilj and mountain to the southwest. The traditional Slavonian cuisine, famous for its meat specialities (kulin smoked sausage, kobasica sausages, smoked ham), venison and freshwater fish dishes are offered both in Đakovo and its surroundings. Of particular interest are the exquisite wines of the Đakovo region: Weissburgunder, Traminer and Riesling.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Đakovo is twinned with:
- Makarska, Croatia
- Sinj, Croatia
- Tomislavgrad, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Malgersdorf, Germany
- Kirchenthumbach, Germany
- Domagoj Duvnjak, handball player
- Mordecai Ehrenpreis
- Branka Raunig, archaeologist and museum curator
- Ivan Vargić, footballer
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Đakovo". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Povijest grada". djakovo.hr (in Croatian). City of Đakovo. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
- Merkezi, İslam Araştırmaları. "TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi". www.islamansiklopedisi.info. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "Statute of the Town of Đakovo". Official Gazette of the Town Đakovo. 10 February 2018.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Đakovo.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Đakovo.|
- City of Đakovo (in Croatian)
- Đakovo Profile Page from the Osijek-Baranja County Website Archived 25 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine