Đavolja Varoš

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Đavolja varoš (Ђавоља варош)
Devil's Town
Protected area
Đavolja Varoš.jpg
Đavolja Varoš
Country Serbia
District Toplica
Cities Kuršumlija, 90 km from Niš
Elevation 700 m (2,297 ft)
Coordinates 42°59′33″N 21°24′26″E / 42.99250°N 21.40722°E / 42.99250; 21.40722Coordinates: 42°59′33″N 21°24′26″E / 42.99250°N 21.40722°E / 42.99250; 21.40722
Area 0.67 km2 (0 sq mi)
Geology Rock formation
IUCN category III - Natural Monument
Website: www.djavoljavaros.com

Đavolja Varoš (Serbian: Ђавоља варош, meaning "Devil's Town") is a peculiar rock formation, located in south Serbia on the Radan Mountain on the territory of the village of Đake[1] in the municipality Kuršumlija.

Geology[edit]

Đavolja Varoš features 202 exotic formations described as earth pyramids or "towers", as the locals refer to them. They are 2 to 15 m (6 ft 7 in to 49 ft 3 in) tall and 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) wide at the base. These formations were created by strong erosion of the soil that was scene of intense volcanic activity millions of years ago.[2] Most of the towers have "caps" or "heads" of andesite, which protect them from further erosion.[3] Volatile volcanic history left marks in the multicolored rocks in the towers hinterlands. However, Đavolja Varoš in its modern form is a relatively new feature. As the inhabitants of the surrounding region were cutting down the forests, they enabled for the precipitation to erode the rocks.[4] The area beneath the towers is called The Hell gully (Paklena jaruga) and the surrounding terrain is a location of the mine shafts from the medieval Nemanjić Serbia.[1]

A natural spring is located beneath the formations and has a high mineral concentration. There are two springs: Đavolja voda (Devil’s Water), with extremely acidic water (pH 1.5) and high mineral concentration (15 g/l of water), and Crveno vrelo (Red Well).[5] The unusually pungent spring waters were examined for the first time in 1905 by Aleksandar Zega, founder of the Serbian Chemical Society.[1]

Protection[edit]

The formations were scientifically examined and described in 1955 by Tomislav Rakićević.[1] Since 1959, Đavolja Varoš has been protected by the state and a 1995 decision of the Serbian Government declared it a major natural monument subject to category one protection.[5] It is visited by 50,000 tourists yearly.[1]

Đavolja Varoš was a nominee in the New Seven Wonders of Nature campaign.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Dragan Borisavljević (8 July 2009), "Đavolja varoš na putu za svetsko čudo", Politika (in Serbian) 
  2. ^ Đavolja varoš, National Tourist Organization of Serbia (English)
  3. ^ The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  4. ^ "Da li znate? - Koliko ima kamenih stubova u Đavoljoj varoši?", Politika (in Serbian), 14 November 2016 
  5. ^ a b About Devil's Town, Official website
  6. ^ New7Wonders: Đavolja Varoš, Rock Formation

External links[edit]