Điện Biên Province

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Điện Biên Province

Tỉnh Điện Biên
Mường Ảng district
Mường Ảng district
Nickname(s): 
Stable frontier
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017
Country Vietnam
RegionNorthwest
CapitalĐiện Biên
Area
 • Total9,560 km2 (3,690 sq mi)
Population
(2017)
 • Total567,000
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Demographics
 • EthnicitiesVietnamese/Kinh, H'Mông, Dao, Thai
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes215
ISO 3166 codeVN-71
Websitewww.dienbien.gov.vn

Điện Biên (About this soundlisten) is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Lai Châu to the north east, Sơn La provinces of Vietnam to the south east, Pu'er City, Yunnan, China, to the northwest, and Phongsaly Province in Laos to the west.

History[edit]

The province's name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese "", meaning "stable frontier" (referring to Điện Biên's location on the border between Lan Xang and Annam).[1] Điện Biên has various ancient monuments including the caves Thẩm Khương, as well as Thẩn Búa in Tuần Giáo. The original settlers were the ai Lao or Tai people which is a direct ancestor of Lao people in Laos today. name of villages or towns are still using Lao word eg : Mường (city), Tham (cave).

In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Lự ở Mường Thanh people were the most developed in the area and controlled Sìn Hồ, Mường Lay, and Tuần Giáo.

In the 11th and 12th centuries, Tai (not Thai of Thailand) people from Mường Ôm and Mường Ai occupied Mường Lò in Nghĩa Lộ and Mường Thenh in Điện Biên. They eventually gained control of the whole area between Mường Lò, Mường Lò and Mường Thanh (Điện Biên).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Điện Biên is subdivided into 10 district-level sub-divisions:

Second Tier
subdivisions
Area
(km²)
Third Tier subdivisions
Ward Township Commune
Điện Biên Phủ city 64.27 7 2
Mường Lay town 114.03 2 1
Điện Biên District 1639.85 25
Điện Biên Đông District 1206.39 1 25
Mường Ảng District 443.52 1 13
Mường Chà District 1199.42 1 9
Mường Nhé District 1573.73 1 11
Nậm Pồ District 1498.00 15
Tủa Chùa District 679.41 1 11
Tuần Giáo District 1136.29 1 18

They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns (or townlets), 116 communes, and nine wards.

Places in Điện Biên[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Điện Biên, hành trình trở về cội nguồn" (in Vietnamese).

External links[edit]