Ibrahim Hakki Erzurumi (18 May 1703 – 22 June 1780), a popular Turkish Sufi saint of the Ottoman Empire from Erzurum in eastern Anatolia who was a polymath, mystic, poet, author, astronomer, physicist, physician, psychologist, sociologist, philosopher, Hanafi Maturidi Islamic scholar and encyclopedist.
Life and Works
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Having lost his mother and later his father at an early age, Ibrahim Hakkı was raised by his uncle who educated him for a while. He met the Ottoman Sultan Mahmut I at istanbul in 1747. He returned to Erzurum, and was continuously interested in religious and scientific matters. Having written 15 books in the manzum and regular styles and a great number in Turkish, Arabic, and Persian languages, amongst Ibrahim Hakki's most important works are the Divan and Marifetname.
In 1756 he published Marifetname (Book of Gnosis), a compilation and commentary on astronomy, mathematics, anatomy, psychology, philosophy, and Islamic mysticism. It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar ('ālim). Marifetname contains tasawwuf knowledge along with a wide range of general scientific and encyclopedic knowledge. Completed in 1757, the book was written in the language of the layman. According to the author, it was compiled from 400 books.
Core to Erzurumi's philosophy is that self-examination is absolutely necessary as part of the process of discovering God:
Allah has revealed in His Divine Books, and has sent His prophets as guides to help lead us back to heedfulness. Only those who are able to wake up and rediscover that which is holy within themselves can come close to our Creator, which is perfection.
- Hadith Qudsi 15. On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: Allah the Almighty said: "I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed." Narrated by al-Bukhari, Muslim, al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.
- "Wellknown Ottoman book Marifetname translated into English". worldbulletin.dunyabulteni.net/ (in Turkish). Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Bayman, Henry (2001) The Station of No Station: Open Secrets of the Sufis North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA;[page needed]
- Akdemir, Evin (2020). İbrâhim Hakkı Erzurûmî'nin itikâdi görüşleri/Views of İbrâhim Hakkı Erzurûmî on faith. Siirt Üniversitesi.
- Treasures of the national library of Turkey, Millî Kütüphane, Turkey Archived 23 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine;
- Marifetname, Bulāq: 1257 a.h., pp. 144 - 152.
- Seven Levels of Being by Shaikh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi Archived 21 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine;
- Being Muslim Hassan
- "Forty Hadith Qudsi" Sacred Hadith
- İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi (in Turkish)