İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi

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World map from the Marifetname of İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi

İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi (18 May 1703 – 22 June 1780), a popular sufi saint of Turkey from Erzurum in eastern Anatolia - mystic, poet, author, astronomer, physicist, psychologist, sociologist and Islamic scholar. He was a Turkish Sufi philosopher[1] and encyclopedist.

Life and Works[edit]

Having lost his mother and later his father at an early age, İbrahim Hakkı was raised by his uncle who educated him for a while. He met the Ottoman Sultan Mahmut I at istanbul in 1747. He returned to Erzurum, and was continuously interested in religious and scientific matters. Having written fifteen books in the Manzum and regular styles, and a great number of Turkish, Arabic, and Persian amongst İbrahim Hakkı's most important works are the Divan and Marifetname.

In 1756 he published Marifetname (Book of Gnosis), a compilation and commentary on astronomy, mathematics, anatomy, psychology, philosophy, and Islamic mysticism.[2] It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar ('ālim).[3]Marifetname contains tasawwuf knowledge along with a wide range of general scientific and encyclopedic knowledge. Completed in 1757, the book was written in the language of the layman. According to the author, it was compiled from 400 books. It is a first in the explanation of observational astronomy of the solar system by a scholar in a book.

He died in Aydinlar of Siirt Province.


Core to Erzurumi's philosophy is that self-examination is absolutely necessary as part of the process of discovery of Allah: "Allah has revealed in His Divine Books, and has sent His prophets as guides to help lead us back to heedfulness. Only those who are able to wake up and rediscover that which is holy within themselves, can come close to our Creator, which is perfection." He is widely quoted for saying, "If we take a step towards Allah, He will come running to meet us."[4][5] Which is derived from a hadith qudsi.[6]


  1. ^ Bayman, Henry (2001) The Station of No Station: Open Secrets of the Sufis North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA;[page needed]
  2. ^ Treasures of the national library of Turkey, Millî Kütüphane, Turkey Archived 23 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine;
  3. ^ Marifetname, Bulāq: 1257 a.h., pp. 144 - 152.
  4. ^ Seven Levels of Being by Shaikh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi Archived 21 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine;
  5. ^ Being Muslim Hassan
  6. ^ Hadith Qudsi 15. On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: Allah the Almighty said: "I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed." It was related by al-Bukhari (also by Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn-Majah). "Forty Hadith Qudsi" Sacred Hadith

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