İzmir Metro

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İzmir Metro
Izmir metro logo.png
Overview
Native name İzmir Metrosu
Owner İzmir Metropolitan Municipality 100%
Locale İzmir, Turkey
Transit type Rapid Transit
Number of lines 1 (2 planned)
Number of stations 17
Daily ridership 173,000[1]
Chief executive Sönmez Alev
Headquarters Halkapınar
Website İzmir Metro
Operation
Began operation 22 April 2000
Operator(s) İzmir Metro A.Ş.
Number of vehicles 77[1]
Train length 120 metres (390 ft)
Headway 1600 to ​1250 Hz
Technical
System length 20.1 km (12.5 mi)[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius of curvature 75 metres (246 ft)
Electrification 750 V DC Third rail, bottom contact
Average speed 42 km/h (26 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (56 mph) (designed)
80 km/h (50 mph) (maximum permitted)
Station announcement for Hilal station in Turkish and English

İzmir Metro (Turkish: İzmir Metrosu) is a metro system in İzmir, Turkey that is in the process of being extended with new stations being put in service. The current system, consisting of one line, starts from Göztepe station in Fahrettin Altay in the southern portion of the metropolitan area and runs towards northeast to end at Evka-3 in Bornova. İzmir's metro line is 20.1-kilometre (12.5 mi) long, and serves 17 stations since 27 July 2014.[2]

Overview[edit]

By 1990, it was thought that the existing public transport system in Izmir could no longer support the growing population. A plan was thought of to build a rapid transit network by rail to cope with this. A contract was signed in 1993, and the handover was in 1994. Construction had begun in 1995 and it was completed successfully in around 4 years. In May 2000, the system came into public service. Up to that moment, the total cost of the system had been $US600 million. Yapı Merkezi was the main contractor for all design and civil works (tunnels, bridges, viaducts, stations, tracks, infrastructure, depots and workshops) as well as the third-rail power system.

AdTranz was responsible for the rolling stock and the signalling, power-supply and communication systems. (ABB Traction was subsequently purchased by Daimler and became AdTranz only to be purchased later by Bombardier.) The Izmir Light Rail Vehicle (LRV) is tailor-made for the LRTS. It is 3760-mm high (from head of rail), 2650-mm wide, and 23,500-mm long (over couplers) with a maximum speed of 80 km/h. The maximum acceleration is 1.0 m/s with a seating capacity of 44 and a standing capacity of 140.

All LRVs are self-powered and the drive and braking systems (with wheel-slip protection) are controlled by on-board computer. A train consists of two to five vehicles with driver's cabin at each end. The LRV is a six-axle articulated unit with three bogies. The first and last bogies are powered while the articulated bogie is trailing. The auxiliary power system is based on a static converter-inverter, supplied from a 750 VDC third rail and supplying 3-phase x 400 VAC at 50 Hz for compressor, fans, lights, battery charging, etc. The 24 VDC battery system supplies the on-board computer as well as other safety systems such as automatic train control (ATC), train radio, passenger displays, emergency lights, etc. The tunnel safety aspects have top priority.

A more ambitious rapid transit system, named İZBAN connects the north of the city, Aliağa to the south terminus of Cumaovası, via Adnan Menderes Airport and several other important financial and commercial areas such as Karşıyaka and Alsancak. The İzban and Metro will provide interchange with each other at Halkapınar station.

Basic fare on the Metro is 2.4 TL for adult passengers and 1.35 TL for student passengers if the İzmirimkart is used. By the end of 2011, the Metro, or any other transport system in the city will no longer accept cash, or the jeton, (token) which is brought by cash and used to pass the ticket barriers at the stations. The Metro carries about 30 million passengers/year and to the end of September 2005 160 million passengers had travelled since the opening in May 2000.

Stations[edit]

View of Stadyum Station from outside
View of Bölge Station from inside
Station Opening Structure Construction Structure Platform Tracks
Evka 3 30 March 2012 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Ege Üniversitesi 30 March 2012 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Bornova 22 May 2000 Splitting Tunnel 1 Island Platform 2
Bölge 22 May 2000 Grade 1 Island Platform 2
Sanayi 22 May 2000 Grade 1 Island Platform 2
Stadyum 22 May 2000 Viaduct 2 Side Platforms 2
Halkapınar 22 May 2000 Grade 2 Island Platforms 3
Hilal 22 May 2000 Viaduct 2 Side Platforms 2
Basmane 22 May 2000 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 1 Island Platform 2
Çankaya 22 May 2000 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 1 Island Platform 2
Konak 22 May 2000 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 1 Island Platform 2
Üçyol 22 May 2000 Deep Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
İzmirspor 29 December 2012 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Hatay 29 December 2012 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Göztepe 25 March 2014 Deep Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Poligon 27 July 2014 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Güzelyalı Cancelled Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2
Fahrettin Altay 27 July 2014 Cut-and-Cover Tunnel 2 Side Platforms 2

Planned Lines[edit]

Line Planned Stops Status
Evka 3-Bornova Merkez 1 Project tenders complete.
Construction tenders will take place in 2016.
Üçyol - DEÜ Tınaztepe Kampüsü - Buca Koop. 8 Project tenders complete.
Construction tenders will take place in 2016.
Fahrettin Altay-Narlıdere (İtfaiye) 5 Project tenders complete.
Construction tenders will take place in late-2015.
Construction will start in early-2016.
Narlıdere-Narlıdere İstihkam Okulu 4 Project tender bids ongoing.
Narlıdere İstihkam Okulu-İYTE (IzTech) Kampüs TBA Tender bidding for project will start.
Halkapınar-Otogar (Intercity Bus Terminal) 5 Project tenders complete.
Construction tenders will take place in late 2015.
Construction start date TBA.
(This project will be evaluated togetherly with the planned Ankara-İzmir High Speed Rail Line which the first part of the construction has started.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "İzmir'de metro coşkusu". arkitera.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  2. ^ a b "Ve Metro F.Altay'da" [And Metro to F.Altay] (in Turkish). İzmir Metrosu A.Ş. July 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 

External links[edit]