Łódź Voivodeship

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Łódź Voivodeship

Województwo łódzkie
Skyline of Łódź Voivodeship
Flag of Łódź Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Łódź Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Łódź): 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433Coordinates: 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433
Country Poland
CapitalŁódź
Counties
Area
 • Total18,219 km2 (7,034 sq mi)
Population
 (30-06-2018)
 • Total2,470,610 Decrease
 • Urban
1,547,823 Decrease
 • Rural
922,787 Increase
GDP
 (nominal; 2014)[1]
 • Total€25 billion
 • Per capita€10,000
Vehicle registrationE
HDI (2017)0.853[2]
very high · 7th
Websitewww.lodzkie.pl
*further divided into 177 gminas

Łódź Voivodeship (also known as Łódź Province,[3] or by its Polish name, województwo łódzkie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ˈwut͡skʲɛ]) is a province (voivodeship) in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced [wut͡ɕ].

Łódź Voivodeship is bordered by six other voivodeships: Masovian to the north and east, Świętokrzyskie to the south-east, Silesian to the south, Opole to the south-west, Greater Poland to the west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian for a short stretch to the north. Its territory belongs to three historical provinces of Poland – Masovia (in the east), Greater Poland (in the west) and Lesser Poland (in the southeast, around Opoczno).

Cities and towns[edit]

The voivodeship contains 44 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 30 June 2018):[4]

  1. Łódź (687,702) Decrease
  2. Piotrków Trybunalski (74,004) Decrease
  3. Pabianice (65,547) Decrease
  4. Tomaszów Mazowiecki (62,970) Decrease
  5. Bełchatów (57,694) Decrease
  6. Zgierz (56,528) Decrease
  7. Skierniewice (48,296) Decrease
  8. Radomsko (46,245) Decrease
  9. Kutno (44,333) Decrease
  10. Sieradz (42,461) Decrease
  11. Zduńska Wola (42,222) Decrease
  12. Łowicz (28,563) Decrease
  13. Wieluń (22,631) Decrease
  14. Aleksandrów Łódzki (21,591) Increase
  15. Opoczno (21,419) Decrease
  16. Ozorków (19,569) Decrease
  17. Konstantynów Łódzki (18,094) Increase
  18. Rawa Mazowiecka (17,462) Decrease
  19. Łask (17,413) Decrease
  20. Głowno (14,356) Decrease
  21. Łęczyca (14,163) Decrease
  22. Koluszki (13,127) Decrease
  23. Brzeziny (12,537) Increase
  24. Wieruszów (8,570) Decrease
  25. Żychlin (8,246) Decrease
  26. Zelów (7,635) Decrease
  27. Poddębice (7,501) Decrease
  28. Tuszyn (7,280) Decrease
  29. Pajęczno (6,769) Decrease
  30. Sulejów (6,187) Decrease
  31. Działoszyn (5,935) Decrease
  32. Krośniewice (4,400) Decrease
  33. Drzewica (3,844) Decrease
  34. Przedbórz (3,602) Decrease
  35. Stryków (3,513) Increase
  36. Rzgów (3,385) Decrease
  37. Złoczew (3,382) Increase
  38. Warta (3,264) Decrease
  39. Biała Rawska (3,194) Decrease
  40. Uniejów (2,996) Increase
  41. Kamieńsk (2,790) Decrease
  42. Wolbórz (2,331) Decrease
  43. Błaszki (2,130) Decrease
  44. Szadek (1,942) Decrease

Administrative division[edit]

Palace in Wola-Chojnata

Łódź Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 177 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).[4]

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(30 June 2018)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Łódź 293 687,702 Decrease 1
Piotrków Trybunalski 74,004 Decrease 1
Skierniewice 33 48,296 Decrease 1
Land counties
Zgierz County
powiat zgierski
854 165,633 Increase Zgierz Ozorków, Aleksandrów Łódzki, Głowno, Stryków 9
Pabianice County
powiat pabianicki
491 119,304 Increase Pabianice Konstantynów Łódzki 7
Sieradz County
powiat sieradzki
1,491 118,455 Decrease Sieradz Złoczew, Warta, Błaszki 11
Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
powiat tomaszowski
1,026 117,520 Decrease Tomaszów Mazowiecki 11
Radomsko County
powiat radomszczański
1,443 113,559 Decrease Radomsko Przedbórz, Kamieńsk 14
Bełchatów County
powiat bełchatowski
969 112,981 Decrease Bełchatów Zelów 8
Kutno County
powiat kutnowski
886 97,632 Decrease Kutno Żychlin, Krośniewice 11
Piotrków County
powiat piotrkowski
1,429 91,202 Decrease Piotrków Trybunalski * Sulejów, Wolbórz 11
Łowicz County
powiat łowicki
987 78,756 Decrease Łowicz 10
Wieluń County
powiat wieluński
928 76,829 Decrease Wieluń 10
Opoczno County
powiat opoczyński
1,039 76,719 Decrease Opoczno Drzewica 8
Łódź East County
powiat łódzki wschodni
499 71,448 Increase Łódź * Koluszki, Tuszyn, Rzgów 6
Zduńska Wola County
powiat zduńskowolski
369 66,910 Decrease Zduńska Wola Szadek 4
Pajęczno County
powiat pajęczański
804 51,711 Decrease Pajęczno Działoszyn 8
Łęczyca County
powiat łęczycki
774 50,320 Decrease Łęczyca 8
Łask County
powiat łaski
617 50,191 Decrease Łask 5
Rawa County
powiat rawski
647 48,903 Decrease Rawa Mazowiecka Biała Rawska 6
Wieruszów County
powiat wieruszowski
576 42,253 Increase Wieruszów 7
Poddębice County
powiat poddębicki
881 41,256 Decrease Poddębice Uniejów 6
Skierniewice County
powiat skierniewicki
756 38,185 Decrease Skierniewice * 9
Brzeziny County
powiat brzeziński
359 30,841 Decrease Brzeziny 5
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas[edit]

Protected areas in Łódź Voivodeship include seven Landscape Parks, as listed below.

History[edit]

Łódź Voivodeship 1921–1939

The capital of the Łódź Voivodeship has always been Łódź, but the area of land which it comprises has changed several times. The first was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Second Polish Republic in the years 1921–1939. In 1938 some western counties were ceded to Greater Poland Voivodeship (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

After the change, Łódź Voivodeship's area was 20,446 square kilometres (7,894 sq mi), and its population (as for 1931) was 2,650,100. It consisted of 15 powiats (counties):

The largest cities of the voivodeship were (population according to the 1931 census):

  • Łódź (pop. 604,600),
  • Piotrków Trybunalski (pop. 51,300),
  • Pabianice (pop. 45,700),
  • Tomaszów Mazowiecki (pop. 38,000),
  • Zgierz (pop. 26,600),
  • Kutno (pop. 23,400),
  • Radomsko (pop. 23,000).

Source: Mały rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakładem Glownego Urzędu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

The next incarnation existed from 1945 until 1975 (although the city of Łódź was excluded as a separate City Voivodeship). This Łódź Voivodeship was then broken up, superseded by Łódź (see below), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and partly Płock Voivodeships.

Łódź Voivodeship 1975–1998

Łódź Voivodeship, also known as Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship (województwo miejskie łódzkie), existed from 1975 until 1998, after which it was incorporated into today's Łódź Voivodeship. Until 1990, the mayor of the city of Łódź was also the voivodeship governor.

As of 1995, major cities and towns in Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship included (with their 1995 populations):

Culture and education[edit]

The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology

The basic cultural activities in the Łódź Region are: monitoring activities of seven regional self-government cultural institutions, i.e.: the Arthur Rubinstein Łódź Philharmonic, Museum of Art in Łódź (having one of the biggest modern art collections in Europe), the Opera House, Stefan Jaracz Theater, the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, the Józef Piłsudski Regional and Municipal Public Library in Łódź, the Chamber of Culture in Łódź but also: supporting NGO’s, protection of monuments, awarding scholarships to young artists and rewards for the prominent artists. What is more, infrastructural projects are being undertaken. Among the most important investments are: the creation of four regional scenes in Stefan Jaracz Theatre, opening the new section of the Museum of Art in Łódź - ms² or the reconstruction of medieval settlement in Tum in the vicinity of Łęczyca. The major universities in Łódź Voivodeship are:

There are also dozens of other schools and academies, but for the last four years the best students in Łódź Voivodeship (according to the prestigious contest "Studencki Nobel") have been studying at the University of Łódź - in 2009 the regional laureate was Piotr Pawlikowski, in 2010 - Joanna Dziuba, in 2011 and 2012 - Paweł Rogaliński.[5][6]

The excellent scientific staff of the higher education establishments in Łódź is complemented by Łódź’s scientists from the Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) and scientific ministerial institutes working within the field of the occupational medicine, textile, paper and leather industries. The number of students in the higher education establishments in Łódź is still growing. Currently, they educate 113,000 students from Poland and other countries.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2016-02-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  4. ^ a b "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 2012-06-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) History of the contest "Studencki Nobel" (in Polish)
  6. ^ "Młody dziennikarz znów pretenduje do Nobla! (in Polish)". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2010-05-29.

External links[edit]