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Łódź Voivodeship

Coordinates: 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433
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Łódź Voivodeship
Województwo łódzkie
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Łódź): 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433
Country Poland
 • BodyExecutive board
 • VoivodeDorota Ryl (PO)
 • MarshalJoanna Skrzydlewska (PO)
 • EPŁódź constituency
 • Total18,219 km2 (7,034 sq mi)
 (31 December 2021)
 • Total2,416,902 Decrease
 • Urban
1,499,697 Decrease
 • Rural
917,205 Decrease
 • Total€34.757 billion
 • Per capita€14,100
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codePL-10
Vehicle registrationE
HDI (2019)0.875[2]
very high · 7th
*Further divided into 177 gminas

Łódź Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo łódzkie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ˈwut͡skʲɛ] ) is a voivodeship (province) of Poland. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced [wut͡ɕ].

Łódź Voivodeship is bordered by six other voivodeships: Masovian to the north and east, Świętokrzyskie to the south-east, Silesian to the south, Opole to the south-west, Greater Poland to the west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian for a short stretch to the north. Its territory belongs to three historical provinces of Poland – Masovia (in the east), Greater Poland (in the west) and Lesser Poland (in the southeast, around Opoczno).

Historical population
Source: pop-stat.mashke.org[3]
Historical regions in Łódź Voivodeship and in Poland

Cities and towns

Piotrków Trybunalski

The voivodeship contains 11 cities and 35 towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 31 December 2021):[4]

Cities (governed by a city mayor or prezydent miasta):
  1. Łódź (664,071) Decrease
  2. Piotrków Trybunalski (71,252) Decrease
  3. Pabianice (63,023) Decrease
  4. Tomaszów Mazowiecki (60,529) Decrease
  5. Bełchatów (55,583) Decrease
  6. Zgierz (54,974) Decrease
  7. Skierniewice (47,031) Decrease
  8. Radomsko (44,700) Decrease
  9. Kutno (42,704) Decrease
  10. Sieradz (40,891) Decrease
  11. Zduńska Wola (40,730) Increase


  1. Łowicz (27,436) Decrease
  2. Aleksandrów Łódzki (21,789) Increase
  3. Wieluń (21,624) Decrease
  4. Opoczno (20,409) Decrease
  5. Ozorków (18,846) Decrease
  6. Konstantynów Łódzki (18,533) Increase
  7. Rawa Mazowiecka (16,980) Decrease
  8. Łask (16,687) Decrease
  9. Głowno (13,727) Decrease
  10. Łęczyca (13,587) Decrease
  11. Koluszki (12,687) Decrease
  12. Brzeziny (12,326) Decrease
  13. Wieruszów (8,405) Decrease
  14. Żychlin (7,866) Decrease
  15. Zelów (7,356) Decrease
  16. Tuszyn (7,193) Decrease
  17. Poddębice (7,144) Decrease
  18. Pajęczno (6,536) Decrease
  19. Sulejów (6,065) Decrease
  20. Działoszyn (5,627) Decrease
  21. Krośniewice (4,208) Decrease
  22. Drzewica (3,778) Decrease
  23. Przedbórz (3,406) Decrease
  24. Stryków (3,376) Decrease
  25. Rzgów (3,376) Decrease
  26. Złoczew (3,301) Decrease
  27. Warta (3,135) Decrease
  28. Biała Rawska (3,081) Decrease
  29. Uniejów (2,965) Increase
  30. Kamieńsk (2,670) Decrease
  31. Wolbórz (2,297) Decrease
  32. Lututów (2,269) Increase
  33. Błaszki (1,992) Decrease
  34. Szadek (1,880) Decrease
  35. Piątek (1,652) Decrease
  36. Rozprza
  37. Lutomiersk
  38. Ujazd
  39. Osjaków
  40. Jeżów
  41. Bolesławiec
  42. Żarnów
  43. Białaczów
  44. Grabów
  45. Parzęczew
  46. Bolimów
  47. Dąbrowice
  48. Kiernozia
  49. Inowłódz

Administrative division


Łódź Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 177 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordered within categories by descending population).[4]

English and
Polish names
(31 December 2020)
Seat Other towns Total
City counties
Łódź 293 664,071 Decrease 1
Piotrków Trybunalski 67 71,252 Decrease 1
Skierniewice 33 47,031 Decrease 1
Land counties
Zgierz County
powiat zgierski
854 165,110 Decrease Zgierz Ozorków, Aleksandrów Łódzki, Głowno, Stryków, Parzęczew 9
Pabianice County
powiat pabianicki
491 118,616 Decrease Pabianice Konstantynów Łódzki, Lutomiersk 7
Sieradz County
powiat sieradzki
1491 115,959 Decrease Sieradz Złoczew, Warta, Błaszki 11
Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
powiat tomaszowski
1026 114,620 Decrease Tomaszów Mazowiecki Inowłódz, Ujazd 11
Bełchatów County
powiat bełchatowski
969 111,784 Decrease Bełchatów Zelów 8
Radomsko County
powiat radomszczański
1443 110,584 Decrease Radomsko Przedbórz, Kamieńsk 14
Kutno County
powiat kutnowski
886 94,363 Decrease Kutno Żychlin, Krośniewice, Dąbrowice 11
Piotrków County
powiat piotrkowski
1429 90,727 Decrease Piotrków Trybunalski * Sulejów, Wolbórz, Rozprza 11
Łowicz County
powiat łowicki
987 76,820 Decrease Łowicz Kiernozia 10
Wieluń County
powiat wieluński
928 75,167 Decrease Wieluń Osjaków 10
Opoczno County
powiat opoczyński
1039 74,867 Decrease Opoczno Drzewica, Żarnów, Białaczów 8
Łódź East County
powiat łódzki wschodni
499 72,856 Increase Łódź * Koluszki, Tuszyn, Rzgów 6
Zduńska Wola County
powiat zduńskowolski
369 65,568 Decrease Zduńska Wola Szadek 4
Pajęczno County
powiat pajęczański
804 50,461 Decrease Pajęczno Działoszyn 8
Łask County
powiat łaski
617 49,533 Decrease Łask 5
Łęczyca County
powiat łęczycki
774 48,715 Decrease Łęczyca Piątek, Grabów 8
Rawa County
powiat rawski
647 47,952 Decrease Rawa Mazowiecka Biała Rawska 6
Wieruszów County
powiat wieruszowski
576 41,759 Decrease Wieruszów Lututów, Bolesławiec 7
Poddębice County
powiat poddębicki
881 40,612 Decrease Poddębice Uniejów 6
Skierniewice County
powiat skierniewicki
756 37,915 Decrease Skierniewice * Bolimów 9
Brzeziny County
powiat brzeziński
359 30,560 Decrease Brzeziny Jeżów 5
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Łódź Hills Landscape Park

Protected areas in Łódź Voivodeship include seven Landscape Parks, as listed below.



The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 26.7 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 6.0% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 19,800 euros or 66% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was also 66% of the EU average.[5]


Piotrków Trybunalski in 1657

The territory formed part of Poland since its establishment in the 10th century. Oldest medieval towns in the region include Biała Rawska, Brzeziny, Inowłódz, Łęczyca, Łowicz, Pajęczno, Radomsko, Rozprza, Sieradz, Wolbórz and Żarnów.[6] Łęczyca, Rawa Mazowiecka, Sieradz and Wieluń became medieval ducal seats of the Piast dynasty. The current Łódź Voivodeship is roughly coextensive with the historic Łęczyca Land and Sieradz Land combined, and thus the Łęczyca and Sieradz voivodeships of the former Kingdom of Poland, although it also contains portions of Mazovia (in the north-east) and Lesser Poland (in the south-east). Piotrków Trybunalski, currently the second-largest city of the province, hosted many sessions of the Polish Parliament, the last in 1567,[7] and was the seat of the Crown Tribunal for the Greater Poland Province, the highest appeal court in the Kingdom of Poland. The towns of Ozorków, Aleksandrów Łódzki, Zduńska Wola, Stryków, Konstantynów Łódzki, Zgierz, Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Łódź and Pabianice greatly developed during the Industrial Revolution after textile manufactures were founded there between 1807 and 1823, with Łódź eventually surpassing other towns in the region.[8] Bolimów was the site of the Battle of Bolimów (31 January 1915) during World War I where gas weapons were used for the first time, when the German Army shelled Russian troops with xylyl bromide.

Łódź Voivodeship 1921–1939

The capital of the Łódź Voivodeship has always been Łódź, but the area of land which it comprises has changed several times. The first was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Second Polish Republic in the years 1921–1939. In 1938 some western counties were ceded to Greater Poland Voivodeship (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

After the change, Łódź Voivodeship's area was 20,446 square kilometres (7,894 sq mi), and its population (as for 1931) was 2,650,100. It consisted of 15 powiats (counties):

The largest cities of the voivodeship were (population according to the 1931 census):

  • Łódź (pop. 604,600),
  • Piotrków Trybunalski (pop. 51,300),
  • Pabianice (pop. 45,700),
  • Tomaszów Mazowiecki (pop. 38,000),
  • Zgierz (pop. 26,600),
  • Kutno (pop. 23,400),
  • Radomsko (pop. 23,000).

Source: Mały rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakładem Glownego Urzędu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

Wieluń was the site of the Bombing of Wieluń conducted by Germany on 1 September 1939, considered the first major bombing of World War II. During the war, the territory was occupied by Germany, with the occupiers committing their genocidal policies against Poles and Jews in the region, with expulsions, kidnapping of children, massacres of civilians and prisoners of war. Germany operated numerous prisons, including the particularly notorious in Łódź and Sieradz,[9] and forced labour camps. The Łódź Ghetto, the second-largest Jewish ghetto in all of German-occupied Europe, was located in Łódź. Warta was the location of Aktion T4 murders of over 500 mentally ill people.[10]

The next incarnation existed from 1945 until 1975 (although the city of Łódź was excluded as a separate City Voivodeship). This Łódź Voivodeship was then broken up, superseded by Łódź (see below), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and partly Płock Voivodeships.

Łódź Voivodeship 1975–1998

Łódź Voivodeship, also known as Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship (województwo miejskie łódzkie), existed from 1975 until 1998, after which it was incorporated into today's Łódź Voivodeship. Until 1990, the mayor of the city of Łódź was also the voivodeship governor.

As of 1995, major cities and towns in Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship included (with their 1995 populations):

The current Łódź Voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998.

Culture and education

The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology
National Film School in Łódź

The basic cultural activities in the Łódź Region are: monitoring activities of seven regional self-government cultural institutions, i.e., the Arthur Rubinstein Łódź Philharmonic, Museum of Art in Łódź (having one of the biggest modern art collections in Europe), the Opera House, Stefan Jaracz Theater, the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, the Józef Piłsudski Regional and Municipal Public Library in Łódź, the Chamber of Culture in Łódź but also: supporting NGO’s, protection of monuments, awarding scholarships to young artists and rewards for the prominent artists. What is more, infrastructural projects are being undertaken. Among the most important investments are: the creation of four regional scenes in Stefan Jaracz Theatre, opening the new section of the Museum of Art in Łódź - ms² or the reconstruction of medieval settlement in Tum in the vicinity of Łęczyca.

As of 2020, there were 76,897 students in various institutions of higher education in Łódź Voivodeship.[11] The major universities in the voivodeship are:

The excellent scientific staff of the higher education establishments in Łódź is complemented by Łódź’s scientists from the Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) and scientific ministerial institutes working within the field of the occupational medicine, textile, paper and leather industries.

Sights and tourism


There are five Historic Monuments of Poland in the voivodeship:

There are multiple castles in the province, including in Drzewica, Inowłódz, Łęczyca, Opoczno, Oporów, Piotrków Trybunalski, Uniejów, and multiple palaces, including in Poddębice, Skierniewice, Walewice, Wola-Chojnata and several in Łódź alone.

The province's sole spa town is Uniejów.

There are numerous World War II memorials, including a museum at the site of the former Nazi German Radogoszcz prison in Łódź, and monuments at the sites of German-perpetrated massacres.


Atlas Arena multipurpose indoor arena in Łódź
Władysław Król Stadium, home venue of the ŁKS Łódź football team
Widzew Łódź Stadium, home venue of the Widzew Łódź football team

Football and volleyball enjoy the largest following in the province. ŁKS Łódź and Widzew Łódź contest the Łódź Derby, one of the fiercest football rivalries in Poland.

Professional sports teams
Club Sport League Trophies
ŁKS Łódź Football (men's) I liga 2 Polish Championships (1958, 1998)
1 Polish Cup (1957)
Widzew Łódź Football (men's) Ekstraklasa 4 Polish Championships
1 Polish Cup (1985)
Skra Bełchatów Volleyball (men's) PlusLiga 9 Polish Championships
7 Polish Cups
Lechia Tomaszów Mazowiecki Volleyball (men's) I liga 0
ŁKS Łódź Volleyball (women's) Tauron Liga 3 Polish Championships (1983, 2019, 2023)
3 Polish Cups (1976, 1982, 1986)
Budowlani Łódź Volleyball (women's) Tauron Liga 2 Polish Cups (2010, 2018)
Orzeł Łódź Speedway I liga 0
Piotrkowianin Piotrków Trybunalski Handball (men's) Superliga 0
Anilana Łódź Handball (men's) Liga Centralna 1 Polish Championship (1983)
2 Polish Cups (1973, 1977)
Piotrcovia Piotrków Trybunalski Handball (women's) Superliga 1 Polish Championship (1993)
Budowlani Łódź Rugby union Ekstraliga 5 Polish Championships
5 Polish Cups
Budo 2011 Aleksandrów Łódzki Rugby union Ekstraliga 4 Polish Championships
3 Polish Cups (2011, 2012, 2016)
ŁKS Łódź Basketball (men's) I Liga 1 Polish Championship (1953)
ŁKS Łódź Basketball (women's) I Liga 9 Polish Championships
PTK Pabianice Basketball (women's) I Liga 0
Widzew Łódź Futsal (men's) Ekstraklasa 0

Since the establishment of the province, several international sports competitions were co-hosted by the province, including the EuroBasket 2009, 2009 Women's European Volleyball Championship, EuroBasket Women 2011, 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship, and 2019 FIFA U-20 World Cup.


  • The Polish language of the inhabitants of the voivodeship is considered the closest to the Polish literary language, as the region did not develop its own dialect, but was a place of blending of dialects from the neighboring larger regions of Greater Poland, Lesser Poland, Mazovia and Silesia.[16]
  • In the 17th century, the towns of Brzeziny, Sieradz and Warta were home to sizeable Scottish communities.[17]


  1. ^ "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI". globaldatalab.org. Radboud University Nijmegen. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  3. ^ "Division of Poland". 2024-04-03.
  4. ^ a b "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. ^ Koter, Marek (2016). "Historyczno-geograficzne podstawy oraz proces kształtowania się regionu łódzkiego". In Marszał, Tomasz (ed.). Miasto–region–gospodarka w badaniach geograficznych (in Polish). Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. p. 130. ISBN 978-83-8088-004-7.
  7. ^ Konopczyński, Władysław (1948). Chronologia sejmów polskich 1493–1793 (in Polish). Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności. pp. 132–140.
  8. ^ Koter, Marek (2016). "Historyczno-geograficzne podstawy oraz proces kształtowania się regionu łódzkiego". In Marszał, Tomasz (ed.). Miasto–region–gospodarka w badaniach geograficznych (in Polish). Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. pp. 144, 146. ISBN 978-83-8088-004-7.
  9. ^ Studnicka-Mariańczyk, Karolina (2018). "Zakład Karny w Sieradzu w okresie okupacji hitlerowskiej 1939–1945". Zeszyty Historyczne (in Polish). 17: 188–190.
  10. ^ Agata Gut. "Eutanazja – ukryte ludobójstwo pacjentów szpitali psychiatrycznych w Kraju Warty i na Pomorzu w latach 1939 - 1945". Instytut Pamięci Narodowej (in Polish). Retrieved 1 June 2024.
  11. ^ Higher Education and its Finances in 2020 (PDF). Warszawa: Statistics Poland. 2021. p. 18.
  12. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 22 października 2012 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Łowicz - Bazylika Katedralna (dawna Kolegiata Prymasowska) pod wezwaniem Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Marii Panny", Dz. U., 2012, No. 1239
  13. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 22 listopada 2017 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Nieborów i Arkadia - zespół pałacowo-ogrodowy i ogród sentymentalno-romantyczny", Dz. U., 2017, No. 2274
  14. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 22 października 2012 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Sulejów - zespół opactwa cystersów", Dz. U., 2012, No. 1242
  15. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 4 kwietnia 2022 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Tum - zespół archikolegiaty pod wezwaniem Najświętszej Maryi Panny i św. Aleksego", Dz. U., 2022, No. 808
  16. ^ Koter, Marek (2016). "Historyczno-geograficzne podstawy oraz proces kształtowania się regionu łódzkiego". In Marszał, Tomasz (ed.). Miasto–region–gospodarka w badaniach geograficznych (in Polish). Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-83-8088-004-7.
  17. ^ Feduszka, Jacek (2009). "Szkoci i Anglicy w Zamościu w XVI-XVIII wieku". Czasy Nowożytne (in Polish). Vol. 22. Zarząd Główny Polskiego Towarzystwa Historycznego. p. 53. ISSN 1428-8982.