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For other places with the same name, see Łęknica (disambiguation).
Rectory in Łęknica
Rectory in Łęknica
Flag of Łęknica
Coat of arms of Łęknica
Coat of arms
Łęknica is located in Poland
Coordinates: 51°32′18″N 14°44′21″E / 51.53833°N 14.73917°E / 51.53833; 14.73917
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lubusz
County Żary
Gmina Łęknica (urban gmina)
 • Total 16.4 km2 (6.3 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,641
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Postal code 68-208
Website http://www.leknica.pl

Łęknica [wɛŋkˈɲit͡sa] (German: Lugknitz; Upper Sorbian: Wjeska) is a town in Poland, in Lubusz Voivodeship, in Żary County. It lies on the Lusatian Neisse, which forms the border between Poland and Germany, directly opposite the German town Bad Muskau. Its population numbers 2,648 (2004).


It was awarded city rights in 1452 (as a part of Bad Muskau). In 1880 Lugknitz was still a small Sorbian agricultural village, one of only two Sorbian speaking places east of Neisse (the other being Brunojcy). That changed with the turn of century, when industry was established on the Neisse. Brown coal started to be mined. Based on rich clay deposits, ceramic companies emerged and also glass factories. During the WW2 70% of the city was destroyed, as well as much of the industry (brown coal mine "Babina" from 40%, glassworks 30% and slate factories 50%). The town was separated from Bad Muskau by the new state border and gradually settled with military veterans, refugees, people returning from forced labour, people repatriated from France, Belgium and in 1958 18 families repatriated from the USSR settled in the city.

The town changed name several times, Łuknica in 1945–1947, then Ługnica and Łęknice. It received the name Łęknica in 1956.

Mużakowski Park[edit]

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Coordinates: 51°32′N 14°46′E / 51.533°N 14.767°E / 51.533; 14.767