Ň

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The grapheme Ň (minuscule: ň) is a letter in the Czech, Slovak and Turkmen alphabets. It is formed from Latin N with the addition of a caron (háček in Czech and mäkčeň in Slovak) and follows plain N in the alphabet. Ň and ň are at Unicode codepoints U+0147 and U+0148, respectively.[1][2]

/ɲ/[edit]

In Czech and Slovak, ň represents /ɲ/, the palatal nasal. Thus, it has the same function as Serbo-Croatian nj, French gn, Hungarian ny, Polish ń, Portuguese nh, Spanish ñ and Russian and Ukrainian нь.

In the 19th century, it was used in Croatian for the same sound.

In Slovakian, ne is pronounced ňe. In Czech, this syllable is written . In Czech and Slovakian, ni is pronounced ňi. In Russian, Ukrainian and similar languages, soft vowels (е, и, ё, ю, я) also change previous н to нь in pronunciation.

/ŋ/[edit]

In Turkmen and Southern Kurdish, ň represents the sound /ŋ/, the velar nasal, as in English thing.

Computing code[edit]

Character Ň ň
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH CARON LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CARON
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 327 U+0147 328 U+0148
UTF-8 197 135 C5 87 197 136 C5 88
Numeric character reference Ň Ň ň ň

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode Character 'LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH CARON' (U+0147)". FileFormat.Info. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Unicode Character 'LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CARON' (U+0148)". FileFormat.Info. Retrieved 27 July 2010.

See also[edit]