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Ōchō (応長) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Enkyō and before Shōwa. This period spanned 11 months from April 1311 through February 1312.[1] The reigning emperor was Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1311 Ōchō gannen (応長元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Enkyō 4.

Events of the Ōchō era[edit]

Initially, former-Emperor Fushimi administered the court up through the time he took the tonsure as a Buddhist monk,[3] which happened after this nengō ended.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 733, p. 733, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278–279; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239–241.
  3. ^ Varley, p. 241.
  4. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 279.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by