Ōfuna Station

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OFNJT07JK01JO09JS09 SHONAN MONORAIL LOGO.png
Ōfuna Station

大船駅
OfunaStnishi.jpg
West entrance of JR Ōfuna Station
Location1 Ōfuna, Kamakura, Kanagawa
(神奈川県鎌倉市大船一丁目)
Japan
Operated byJR East, Shonan Monorail
Line(s)
Connections
  • Bus terminal
History
Opened1888
Traffic
Passengers (JR, FY2013)97,118 daily
Shonan Monorail at Ōfuna Station

Ōfuna Station (大船駅, Ōfuna-eki) is a railway station in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Lines[edit]

Ōfuna Station is served by the Tokaido Main Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Negishi Line (Keihin-Tōhoku Line), Yokosuka Line, as well as the Shonan Monorail. It is 46.5 km from the terminus of the Tōkaidō Main Line at Tokyo Station.

Station layout[edit]

Ōfuna Station is an elevated station with five island platforms serving a total of 11 tracks. The adjacent Shonan Monorail station has a single bay platform.

There are above-track station buildings at both ends of the platforms, toward Fujisawa and toward Totsuka, offering passage between lines inside the ticket gates. The Sunaoshi River (砂押川, Sunaoshi-gawa), which runs between the two current station buildings, is a city boundary, meaning that the end of the station near Fujisawa is in Kamakura, while the end toward Totsuka is in Sakae-ku, Yokohama. However, the station master's office is, as was before the station's rebuilding, on the Kamakura side, so the station is treated as a Kamakura station, and not considered to be within the city of Yokohama.

The Fujisawa-side station building has the southern ticket gates and connects to East and West exits. The station building is connected by a passageway beside the building to the Shounan Monorail station. There is also a Midori no Madoguchi staffed ticket office and a View Plaza travel agency.

In the Totsuka-side station building is the northern ticket gate, connected to the Kasama Entrance.

Platforms[edit]

1-2 JT Tokaido Main Line for Yokohama, Kawasaki, Shinagawa, and Tokyo
JS Shonan Shinjuku Line for Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Ōmiya, Kumagaya, Takasaki, and Maebashi (via JU Takasaki Line)
3-4 JT Tokaido Main Line for Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Hiratsuka, Kōzu, Odawara, and Atami
5-6 JO Yokosuka Line for Yokohama, Musashi-Kosugi, Shinagawa and Tokyo
Sōbu Main Line for Chiba, Narita Line for Narita Airport,
Uchibō Line for Kimitsu, Sotobō Line for Kazusa-Ichinomiya
JS Shonan Shinjuku Line for Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Ōmiya, Oyama, and Utsunomiya (via JU Utsunomiya Line)
 Narita Express for Yokohama, Tokyo, Narita Airport
7 JO Yokosuka Line for Zushi, Kamakura, Yokosuka, and Kurihama
JS Shonan Shinjuku Line for Shibuya, Shinjuku, and Ōmiya
8 JO Yokosuka Line for Zushi, Kamakura, Yokosuka, and Kurihama
9-10 JK Negishi Line for Isogo and Yokohama
JK Keihin Tōhoku Line for Tokyo, Ueno, and Ōmiya
JH Yokohama Line for Yokohama, Higashi-Kanagawa, Shin-Yokohama, Machida, and Hachioji

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tōkaidō Line-(via Ueno–Tokyo Line) JT07
Odawara Limited Express Yokohama
YHMJT05
Fujisawa   Commuter Rapid   Shinagawa
SGWJT03
Fujisawa   Rapid Acty   Totsuka
TTKJT06
Fujisawa   Local   Totsuka
TTKJT06
Yokosuka Line JO09
Terminus   Narita Express   Totsuka
TTKJO10
Kita-Kamakura JO08 Local Totsuka
TTKJO10
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line JS09
Fujisawa   Special Rapid
(Tōkaidō Line - Takasaki Line)
  Totsuka
TTKJS10
Fujisawa   Rapid
(Tōkaidō Line - Takasaki Line)
  Totsuka
TTKJS10
Kita-Kamakura JS08   Rapid
(Yokosuka Line - Utsunomiya Line)
  Totsuka
TTKJS10
Kita-Kamakura JS08   Local
(Yokosuka Line - Utsunomiya Line)
  Totsuka
TTKJS10
Negishi Line JK01
Terminus   Rapid   Hongōdai JK02
Terminus   Local   Hongōdai JK02
Shōnan Monorail Enoshima Line
Terminus Local Fujimichō

History[edit]

Yokohama Dreamland Monorail platforms in June 1984

Ōfuna Station opened on November 1, 1888 as a station on the Tōkaidō Main Line. The Yokosuka Line between Ōfuna and Yokosuka opened on June 16, 1889. Freight operations began in 1894.[1]

In May 1966, the Yokohama Dreamland Monorail began operations from Ōfuna to Yokohama Dreamland, an amusement park built some 7 km north of the station. However, the monorail stopped running in September 1967 after cracks were found in the guideway.[2]

In March 7, 1970 another monorail began operations from Ōfuna to the south. This Shonan Monorail eventually connected the station to Enoshima.

Passenger statistics[edit]

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 97,118 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the 42nd-busiest station operated by JR East.[3] A total of 4,817,536 passengers used the Shōnan Monorail station in fiscal 2012.[4] The daily average passenger figures (boarding passengers only) for JR East in previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year Daily average
2000 83,660[5]
2005 87,333[6]
2010 93,679[7]
2011 93,397[8]
2012 95,317[9]
2013 97,118[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). II. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. pp. 14, 80. ISBN 4533029809.
  2. ^ Demery, Leroy W. Monorails in Japan, p.25. Carquinez Associates, 2005.
  3. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  4. ^ 運輸・通信・道路 [Transportation, Communications and Roads] (pdf) (in Japanese). Kanagawa Prefectual Government. p. 241. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  8. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 16 September 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°21′12″N 139°31′52″E / 35.35333°N 139.53111°E / 35.35333; 139.53111