Ōsaka Station

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Osaka Station

JR Osaka Station 20151226.JPG
Osaka Station in 2015
General information
Location1-1 Umeda Sanchōme, Kita-ku, Osaka, Osaka Prefecture
Coordinates34°42′09″N 135°29′46″E / 34.70250°N 135.49611°E / 34.70250; 135.49611Coordinates: 34°42′09″N 135°29′46″E / 34.70250°N 135.49611°E / 34.70250; 135.49611
Operated byJR West
Osaka Station is located in Japan
Osaka Station
Osaka Station
Location within Japan

Osaka Station (大阪駅, Ōsaka-eki) is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It forms the city's main rail terminal in the north.

Although it is officially served by only the JR Kobe/Kyoto Lines (Tōkaidō Main Line) and the Osaka Loop Line, Osaka is the starting point of JR Takarazuka Line service, and serves as the terminal for trains bound for the San'in region via JR Takarazuka Line and the Hokuriku region via JR Kyoto Line, while offering connections to trains bound for Nara, Wakayama and Kansai International Airport via the Osaka Loop Line.

Umeda Station (Hankyu, Hanshin, and Osaka Metro Midosuji Line), Nishi-Umeda Station (Subway Yotsubashi Line) and Higashi-Umeda Station (Subway Tanimachi Line) are directly connected to Osaka Station, and Kitashinchi Station on the JR Tōzai Line is within walking distance.

Osaka Station and Umeda Station, effectively part of the same complex, together constitute the busiest station in Western Japan, serving 2,343,727 passengers daily in 2005, and the fourth-busiest railway station in the world.[1]

Osaka Station also houses a large terminal for overnight bus services to other cities in Japan, and until March 2013 also had a nearby freight terminal complex, Umeda Freight Terminal, owned by JR Freight.

Station layout[edit]

Grand Front Osaka North Gate Building in December 2015
Osaka Station Toki no hiroba plaza in June 2011
Commuter trains at Osaka Station
Osaka Station at sunset

Osaka station is elevated above street level, on the second floor of the station complex. There are four concourses, corresponding to four sets of ticket gates: the Midosuji gates, serving as a transfer point to Hankyu and Subway Umeda Station and Higashi-Umeda Station; the Central gates, with access to Daimaru, Lucua, Yodobashi Camera, Umeda Sky Building, Grand Front and transfers to Hanshin Umeda and JR Kitashinchi Station; the Sakurabashi gates, with access to Osaka Garden City and transfers to Subway Nishi-Umeda Station, city bus, hotel shuttle buses and taxi; and the Bridge Gates, with direct access into Daimaru and Lucua, as well as a bridge passage to Hankyu Umeda. The Midosuji concourse is on the lower level, with escalators and elevators leading directly to platforms; the Central concourse has both direct escalators and a mezzanine-level transfer passage connected by stairs; the Sakurabashi concourse has gates on ground level but is primarily on the mezzanine level, connected to the central concourse by a corridor; and the Bridge Gate is on the third level above the platforms, and connected by escalators and elevators. An additional concourse is planned for the west side of the station, which will link the elevated platforms with the under-construction underground platforms to the northwest of the main station.

Platforms and tracks are on the second floor. There were previously six island platforms and one side platform serving 13 tracks; the highest-numbered track was Track 11, as the Osaka Loop Line tracks were referred to as "Inner Loop" and "Outer Loop" only. In preparation for the construction of the new north building, the sixth platform was closed and the seventh was removed altogether; at the same time, the remaining platforms were renumbered so that Tracks 1 and 2 were for the Osaka Loop Line, and so on. The sixth platform reopened on 20 December 2009 and there became five island platforms and a side platform serving 11 tracks in total (up to the new Track 11—the old Track 9). The remainder of the old Track 11 platform, on the west side of the station, was used as a pedestrian walkway linking the North Gate Building with its parking garage until 2020, when it was removed to facilitate construction of a new West Gate Building. There was originally a through track in between tracks 8 and 9, but it had been long disused; during the closure of Track 11, the platform for Tracks 9 and 10 was expanded and this track was used temporarily as Track 9. Since 12 October 2010, this track has been used permanently as Track 8 after the widening of the adjoining platform.

Under Construction[edit]

A new line called the Naniwasuji Line is planned to be opened by 2031 and will route trains under the Naniwasuji corridor to JR Namba Station and further south.[2] To prepare for the opening of the line, an additional two underground platforms (serving four tracks on the former Umeda Freight Line) are currently under construction on the northwest side of the station; these are tentatively slated for opening in fiscal 2023, and their numbering has yet to be made public. Once these platforms are opened, there will be a total of eight platforms serving 16 tracks. They will also enable the limited express Haruka (which currently runs on the former Umeda Freight Line that bypasses the station completely) to make a stop at Osaka Station.[3]


1  Osaka Loop Line inner track (counter-clockwise)
for Nishikujō, Bentenchō, Shin-Imamiya and Tennōji
 JR Yumesaki Line for Universal City and Sakurajima
 Yamatoji Line for Tennōji, Ōji and Nara
 Hanwa Line for Tennōji and Wakayama
 Kansai Airport Line for Tennōji and Kansai Airport
2  Osaka Loop Line outer track (clockwise)
for Kyōbashi, Tsuruhashi and Tennoji
3  JR Takarazuka Line
Fukuchiyama Line
for Takarazuka, Sanda, Sasayamaguchi and Fukuchiyama
 limited express "Kounotori" for Fukuchiyama, Toyooka and Kinosaki Onsen
 limited express "Super Hakuto" for Tottori and Kurayoshi
 JR Kobe Line rapid services (weekday mornings) and special rapid services (weekday rush hours) for Sannomiya, Nishi-Akashi and Himeji
4  JR Takarazuka Line
Fukuchiyama Line
for Takarazuka, Sanda, Sasayamaguchi and Fukuchiyama
 limited express "Kounotori" for Fukuchiyama, Toyooka and Kinosaki Onsen
 JR Kobe Line special rapid services for Sannomiya, Akashi and Himeji (weekday rush hours)
 limited express "Hamakaze" for Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen, Hamasaka and Tottori
5  JR Kobe Line rapid services and special rapid services for Sannomiya, Nishi-Akashi and Himeji
6  JR Kobe Line local trains for Tachibana and Kōshienguchi
 JR Takarazuka Line from the JR Kyoto Line (local trains) for Tsukaguchi and Inadera
7  JR Kyoto Line local trains for Shin-Ōsaka and Suita
8  JR Kyoto Line rapid services and special rapid services for Shin-Ōsaka, Takatsuki, Kyoto and Maibara
9, 10  JR Kyoto Line rapid services (weekday mornings) and special rapid services (weekday rush hours) for Shin-Ōsaka, Takatsuki, Kyoto and Maibara
10  Commuter limited express "Biwako Express" for Maibara
11  limited express "Thunderbird" for Fukui, Kanazawa and Wakura-Onsen
 limited express "Hida" for Gifu and Takayama
 Sleeper limited express "Sunrise Izumo"
"Sunrise Seto"
for Tokyo

Limited express trains[edit]

for the Hokuriku Line
  • Limited express Thunderbird (Osaka - Kanazawa, Wakura-Onsen)
for the Tokaido Line and the Takayama Line

for the Sanyo Line

for the San'in region
for the north area of the Kansai region via the Fukuchiyama Line
  • Limited express Kounotori (Shin-Osaka - Fukuchiyama, Toyooka, Kinosaki-Onsen)

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tokaido Line (JR Kyoto Line, JR Kobe Line)
Shizuoka CA17   Sleeper Limited Express Sunrise Seto & Sleeper Limited Express Sunrise Izumo
  Sannomiya (JR-A61)
Terminus   Commuter Limited Express Rakuraku Harima & Limited Express Hamakaze   Sannomiya (JR-A61)
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Limited Express Super Hakuto   Sannomiya (JR-A61)
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Limited Express Thunderbird, Limited Express Hida and Biwako Express   Terminus
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Special Rapid Service   Amagasaki (JR-A49)
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Rapid Service(including terminating JR Takarazuka Line trains)   Amagasaki (JR-A49)
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Local
(Including through to and from the JR Takarazuka Line)
  Tsukamoto (JR-A48)
Through to and from the Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line)
Shin-Ōsaka (JR-A46)   Limited Express Kounotori   Amagasaki (JR-G49)
Terminus    Tambaji Rapid Service   Amagasaki (JR-G49)
Terminus    Rapid Service   Amagasaki (JR-G49)
Terminus    Regional Rapid Service   Amagasaki (JR-G49)
Terminus   Local trains originating from and terminating at Osaka   Amagasaki (JR-G49)
Osaka Loop Line
Temma (JR-O10)   All services   Fukushima (JR-O12)


1874 building
1901 building

Osaka Station opened on May 11, 1874, as one of the first railway stations in the Kansai region when the railway between Osaka and Kobe started operation. It was electrified along with the Tōkaidō Main Line in 1934.

The existence of the station naturally made the area the primary transport hub of the city. Railways that set Ōsaka Station as the terminal or built their terminal around Osaka Station include Osaka Railway (present-day east half of the Osaka Loop Line) in 1895, Nishinari Railway (west half of the Osaka Loop Line) in 1898, Hanshin Electric Railway in 1906, Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (Hankyu Railway) in 1910, and Osaka Municipal Subway in 1933. The regional railways tended to name their stations Umeda, the name of the area, rather than the city name.

The air raids in World War II flattened the blocks in front of the station. Immediately after the war, the area turned into a huge black market, the atmosphere of which remained until redevelopment in the 1970s.

The station building was rebuilt in 1901, 1940, and 1979 (north building). In 1983, a high-rise building, Acty Osaka, which housed a department store and a hotel, was added to the south of the station. A new north station building (the North Gate Building) was opened in 2011, coinciding with an expansion of Acty Osaka (now the South Gate Building) and major renovation of the station areas with a new concourse and north–south connection. This is the first step in a larger drive to redevelop the land used by JR Freight's Umeda Terminal, which is seen as the last undeveloped piece of real estate in the area. Plans also call for moving the Umeda Freight Line underground and establishing a terminal for the Osaka Higashi Line just north of ALBi, with an eye towards a future extension to JR Namba Station (thus alleviating delays on the Osaka Loop Line caused by Limited Express trains), though details have not yet been firmly decided.

Major renovation[edit]

Surrounding area[edit]

Exterior of Osaka Station
South Gate Building, December 2014
  • Osaka Station City
    • South Gate Building
    • North Gate Building
      • Lucua (shopping mall)
      • Lucua 1100 (shopping mall, successor of Osaka Mitsukoshi-Isetan Department Store)
      • Osaka Station City Cinema
      • Itochu
      • JR Expressway bus terminal
    • eki marche (restaurants and fashion stores)
    • ALBi (outdoor shops and fashion stores)
    • Umesan-koji (restaurants)

North side[edit]

South side[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The 51 busiest train stations in the world– All but 6 located in Japan".
  2. ^ "なにわ筋線「北梅田~JR難波・南海新今宮」の鉄道事業許可" [Railway business license for Naniwasuji Line "Kita Umeda-JR Namba / Nankai Shin-Imamiya"] (PDF). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MLIT) (in Japanese). July 9, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ 杉山, 淳一 (November 11, 2016). "「なにわ筋線」の開通で特急「ラピート」と「はるか」が統合される?" [Will the limited express "Rapi:t" and "Haruka" be integrated with the opening of "Naniwasuji Line"?]. itmedia.co.jp/ (in Japanese). Retrieved February 11, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]