Ōta, Gunma

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Not to be confused with Ōta, Tokyo.
Ōta
太田市
Special city
Ōta city hall
Ōta city hall
Flag of Ōta
Flag
Official seal of Ōta
Seal
Location of Ōta in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Ōta in Gunma Prefecture
Ōta is located in Japan
Ōta
Ōta
 
Coordinates: 36°17′28.1″N 139°22′31.4″E / 36.291139°N 139.375389°E / 36.291139; 139.375389Coordinates: 36°17′28.1″N 139°22′31.4″E / 36.291139°N 139.375389°E / 36.291139; 139.375389
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma Prefecture
Government
 • - Mayor Masayoshi Suzuki
Area
 • Total 175.54 km2 (67.78 sq mi)
Population (February 2015)
 • Total 219,531
 • Density 1,250/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Pine, Osmanthus, Maple, Ginkgo
- Flower Chrysanthemum, Sage, Spring orchid, Azalea
Phone number 0276-47-1111
Address 2-35 Hama-cho, Ōta-shi, Gumma-ken 373-8718
Website Official website

Ōta (太田市 Ōta-shi?) is a city located in southeastern Gunma Prefecture in the northern Kantō region of Japan .[1] As of February 2015, the city had an estimated population of 75,560 and a population density of 1260 persons per km². Its total area was 60.97 km².

Geography[edit]

Ōta is located in the extreme southeastern portion of Gunma Prefecture in the nortern Kantō Plains, bordered by Tochigi Prefecture to the east and Saitama Prefecture to the south. The city is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Tokyo between the Tone and Watarase rivers.[1]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

During the Edo period, the area of present-day Ōta contained two post towns on the Nikkō Reiheishi Kaidō, a subroute to Nikkō Kaidō which connected the Nakasendō directly with Nikkō, bypassing Edo.,[2] the Ōta-shuku (太田宿?), (from which the city takes its name) and Kizaki-shuku (木崎宿?).[1]

Modern Ōta Town was created within Nitta District, Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. On April 1, 1940, Ōta merged with the villages of Kuai and Sawano from Nitta District, and with the village of Niragawa from Yamada District. On November 1, 1943, Ōta absorbed the village of Shimanogō, also from Nitta District. Ōta was elevated to city status on May 3, 1948. The city expanded on April 1, 1957, by annexing the village of Kyodo (from Nitta District), and the village of Kyūhaku (from Yamada District), and by annexing parts of the village of Yabakawa (Yamada District) on July 1, 1960. On April 1, 1963, Ōta absorbed the village of Hosen (Nitta District), followed by the village of Kesatoda (Yamada District) on December 1, 1963.

On March 28, 2005, the old city of Ōta absorbed the towns of Nitta, Ojima, and Yabuzukahon (all from Nitta District), and the area became the new city of Ōta. The former city of Ōta had a population of 152,000, with a total area of 97.96 km²; after the merger the total area became 176.49 km², and the population went to 217,000 people. On April 1, 2007, Ōta was designated special city (tokureishi) with expanded local autonomy.

Economy[edit]

During the years before World War II, airplane production was the industrial mainstay of Ōta. After the war, much of the skills and technology used in the production of aircraft was redirected into the production of automobiles. Ōta's leading industry is manufacturing, centered in the southeast part of the city. Ōta leads the prefecture in manufacturing revenue, which exceeds ¥1.3 trillion annually. It is the home of the car manufacturer Subaru, a subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. However, the northern part of Ōta is characterized by its farms, most of which produce rice. Also, Ōta is a major transportation hub in the Tomo (Eastern Gunma) region and the home of the Panasonic Wild Knights rugby team.

Education[edit]

There are seven public and two private high schools, 17 public and one private middle schools and 26 public and one private elementary schools in Ōta. The Gunma Kokusai Academy, a private school combining elementary and middle schools, offers a curriculum in the English language.

University[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Daikoin Temple - Founded in 1618 by Ieyasu Tokugawa. Popular with nickname Kosodate Donryu (meaning kid-raising Saint Donryu). Located 2.4 km northwest of the downtown.
  • site of Kanayama Castle - A Kamakura period castle on the top of Mt. Kanayama (244 m). Located 3.2 km north of the downtown. Mt. Kanayama is the symbol of Ota City.
  • Tenjinyama Kofun - A large ancient burial mound (from around the 5th century). The haniwa unearthed in Ota are the only haniwa to be designated as national treasures, and are on display in the National Museum in Tokyo.
  • Yabuzuka Onsen - Ōta's hot springs; 9.7 km northwest of the downtown.
  • Snake Center - Located in Yabuzuka Onsen area. Famous for collection of rare kinds of snakes.

Sister-city relations[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ōta". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  2. ^ Nikkō Reiheishidō. Mainichi Shinbun. Accessed August 29, 2007

External links[edit]

Media related to Ota, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons