Ōtaki Domain (大多喜藩 Ōtaki-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period, located in Kazusa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Ōtaki Castle in what is now the town of Ōtaki, Chiba.
The original Ōtaki Castle was built by the Satomi clan, rulers of most of the Bōsō Peninsula during the Sengoku period. Following the Battle of Odawara in 1590, the Kantō region was assigned to Tokugawa Ieyasu by the warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who also restricted the Satomi to Awa Province for their lukewarm support of his campaigns against the Late Hōjō clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu appointed Honda Tadakatsu, one of his Four Generals, to be daimyō of the newly formed 100,000 koku Ōtaki Domain.
Following the Battle of Sekigahara, Honda Tadakatsu was promoted to Kuwana Domain, and Ōtaki was assigned to Honda Tadatomo, from another branch of the Honda clan, with a reduction in revenues to 50,000 koku. Honda Tadatomo died at the Battle of Tennoji and his son, Honda Masatomo was reassigned to Tatsuno Domain in Harima Province.
The Honda were replaced by the Abe Masatsugu, a hero of the Siege of Osaka, but the domain’s size was further reduced to 30,000 koku. Abe Masatsugu was later transferred to Odawara Domain following the disgrace of the Ōkubo clan in the Ōkubo Nagayasu Incident of 1614, and Ōtaki Domain was suppressed in 1619.
The domain was briefly revived from 1623-1625 for Aoyama Tadatoshi, the tutor of the 3rd Tokugawa Shogun, Iemitsu, with its size further reduced to 20,000 koku. After his death, Ōtaki Domain reverted to tenryō territory directly under the control of the Tokugawa shogunate until 1638.
The Abe clan regained control of Ōtaki Domain in April 1638, and ruled it to 1702, when they were replaced by Inagaki Shigetomi, who ruled for only 21 days before being reassigned to Karasuyama Domain in Shimotsuke Province. The domain then came under the control of the Ōkōchi branch of the Matsudaira clan, who continued to rule Ōtaki until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyo of Ōtaki Domain, Ōkōchi Masatada, initially fought for the pro-Tokugawa forces at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi in the Boshin War, but later changed his allegiance to the new Meiji government. He was appointed domain governor under the new administration, until the abolition of the han system in July 1871 and subsequently became a viscount under the kazoku peerage. Ōtaki Domain became “Ōtaki Prefecture”, which merged with the short lived “Kisarazu Prefecture” in November 1871, which later became part of Chiba Prefecture.
Holdings at the end of the Edo period
As with most domains in the han system, Ōtaki Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In the case of Ōtaki Domain, the exclave it controlled in Mikawa Province as actually larger than its “home” territory in Kazusa.
- Kazusa Province
- 21 villages in Isumi District
- Mikawa Province
- Yamato Province
- 1 village in Toichi District
List of daimyō
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka|
|Honda clan (fudai) 1590-1617|
|1||Honda Tadakatsu (本多忠勝)||1590–1601||Nakatsuka-taiyu (中務大輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku|
|2||Honda Tadatomo (本多忠朝)||1601–1615||Izumo-no-kami (出雲守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|3||Honda Masatomo (本多政朝)||1615–1617||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|Abe clan (fudai) 1617-1619|
|1||Abe Masatsugu (阿部正次)||1617–1619||Bitchu-no-kami (備中守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku|
|Aoyama clan (fudai) 1623-1625|
|1||Aoyama Tadatoshi (青山忠俊)||1623–1625||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|Abe clan (fudai) 1638-1702|
|1||Abe Masayoshi (阿部正能)||1638–1652||Harima-no-kami (播磨守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|2||Abe Masaharu (阿部正春)||1671–1702||Iyo-no-kami||Lower 5th (従五位下)||16,000 koku|
|Inagaki clan (fudai) 1702|
|1||Inagaki Shigetomi (稲垣重富)||1702-1702||Izumi-no-kami (和泉守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||15,000 koku|
|Matsudaira clan (Nagasawa/Ōkōchi branch) (fudai) 1703-1871|
|1||Ōkōchi Masahisa (松平正久)||1703–1720||Bizen-no-kami (備前守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|2||Ōkōchi Masasada (松平正貞)||1720–1749||Bitchu-no-kami (備中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|3||Ōkōchi Masaharu (松平正温)||1749–1767||Bizen-no-kami (備前守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|4||Ōkōchi Masanori (松平正升)||1767–1803||Bizen-no-kami (備前守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|5||Ōkōchi Masamichi (松平 正路)||1803–1808||Danjo-no-jo (弾正忠)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|6||Ōkōchi Masakata (松平正敬)||1808–1826||Oribe-no-sho (織部正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|7||Ōkōchi Masayoshi (松平正義)||1826–1837||Dewa-no-kami (守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|8||Ōkōchi Masatomo (松平正和)||1837–1862||Orebe-no-sho (織部正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|9||Ōkōchi Masatada (松平正質()||1862–1871||Danjo-no-jo (弾正忠)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- Bolitho, Harold. (1974). Treasures Among Men: The Fudai Daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01655-0; OCLC 185685588
- Kodama Kōta 児玉幸多, Kitajima Masamoto 北島正元 (1966). Kantō no shohan 関東の諸藩. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
- (in Japanese) Ōtaki on "Edo 300 HTML"
- Edo daimyo.net (in Japanese)
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.