Őrbottyán

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Őrbottyán
Coat of arms of Őrbottyán
Coat of arms
Őrbottyán is located in Hungary
Őrbottyán
Őrbottyán
Location of Őrbottyán in Hungary
Coordinates: 47°41′13.96″N 19°16′59.63″E / 47.6872111°N 19.2832306°E / 47.6872111; 19.2832306
Country Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County Pest
Subregion Veresegyházi
Rank Town
Area[1]
 • Total 27.37 km2 (10.57 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 7,102
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2162
Area code +36 28
Website www.orbottyan.hu

Őrbottyán is a town in Pest county, Hungary.

Name[edit]

Bottyán is an old Hungarian given name for boys, meaning mace.[3] Prefix Őr literally means "guard" in Hungarian and refers to the nearby hill Őrhegy, which was a fortress in the middle ages.[4]

Geography[edit]

Őrbottyán lies 25 km (16 mi) from the center of Budapest at the foot of Gödöllő Hills, in the north-eastern sector of the Budapest metropolitan area. It lies 17 km (11 mi) km from M0, 15 km (9 mi) km from M2 and 10 km (6 mi) from M3 motorway. Budapest-Veresegyház-Vác suburban railway line crosses the town.[5]

History[edit]

Őrbottyán was created in 1970 with the unification of two small villages, named Őrszentmiklós and Vácbottyán.[6]

Őrszentmiklós first mentioned in 1344 as villa Sancti Nicolai (Latin for Village of Saint Nicholas) and in 1390 as Zenth Myklos (Hungarian for Saint Nicholas). Vácbottyán first mentioned in 1332 as Botuna (old version of Bottyán[3]) and in 1376 as Bathyan.[6] According to the Hungarian Royal Treasury, the region was inhabited by ethnic Hungarians in 1495.[7] The area became devastated due to the Ottoman wars in the 17th century, when Christians liberated the area in the 1680s they found only a few family in Őrszentmiklós, Vácbottyán was uninhabited.[6][7]

Őrszentmiklós resettled by Calvinist and Roman Catholic Hungarians, while Vácbottyán was rebuilt by Lutheran Slovaks and Roman Catholic Hungarians in the 18th century.[7][8] Later Slovaks adopted Hungarian language and they assimilated into the Hungarian majority.[6][7]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census the total population of Őrbottyán was 7,102, of whom there were 6,159 (86.7%) Hungarians, 44 (0.6%) Germans and 40 (0.6%) Romani, while 937 people (13.2%) did not declare their ethnicity. Excluding these people Hungarians made up 99.9% of the total population.[9] In Hungary people can declare more than one ethnicity, so some people declared Hungarian and a minority one together.[10]

In 2011 there were 1,903 (26.8%) Roman Catholic, 1,063 (15.0%) Hungarian Reformed (Calvinist) and 140 (2.0%) Lutheran in Őrbottyán. 1,351 people (19.0%) were irreligious and 187 (2.6%) Atheist, while 2,133 people (30.0%) did not declare their religion.[9]

In 2011 there were 2,622 dwellings (houses) in Őrbottyán with an average floor space of 92 m², which is higher than the national average (77 m²).[9] The average gross personal income for an eployee was 1,947,000 HUF in 2011, higher than the national average (1,869,000 HUF).[11]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 1,017 —    
1880 1,041 +2.4%
1890 1,172 +12.6%
1900 1,348 +15.0%
1910 1,453 +7.8%
1920 1,691 +16.4%
1930 2,001 +18.3%
1941 2,168 +8.3%
1949 2,332 +7.6%
1960 2,766 +18.6%
1970 3,194 +15.5%
1980 3,856 +20.7%
1990 4,048 +5.0%
2001 5,353 +32.2%
2011 7,102 +32.7%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Őrbottyán at the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian).
  2. ^ Őrbottyán at the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian). 2011
  3. ^ a b János Ladó - Ágnes Bíró: Magyar utónévkönyv ("Book of Hungarian given names"), Vince Kiadó, Budapest, 2005, ISBN 963-9069-72-8
  4. ^ "A történelmi Magyarország várai ("Castles of the historic Hungary") / Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county". József Dénes, Budapest University (ELTE). Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Budapest City Atlas, Szarvas-Dimap, Budapest, 2011, ISBN 978-963-03-9124-5
  6. ^ a b c d Magyarország történeti statisztikai helységnévtára (Historical Gazetteer of Hungary), 15. Pest megye (Pest County), Központi Statisztikai Hivatal (Hungarian Central Statistical Office), Budapest, 2000, pp. 146/205
  7. ^ a b c d Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  8. ^ Lexicon Universorum Regni Hungaria Locorum Populo Sorum, 1773, pp. 162-163
  9. ^ a b c "Hungarian census 2011 - Pest county, 4.1.6.1 A népesség nemzetiség szerint, 2011 (population by ethnicity), 4.1.7.1 A népesség vallás, felekezet szerint, 2011 (population by religion), 4.3.3.1 A lakások és lakott üdülők alapterület szerint, 2011 (houses by floor space)". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology" (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Thematic maps - Personal income". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 

Coordinates: 47°41′N 19°16′E / 47.683°N 19.267°E / 47.683; 19.267