Sharada script

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Śāradā
𑆯𑆳𑆫𑆢𑆳
Bakhshali manuscript.jpg
An example of early Sharada script, in the Bakhshali manuscript.
Type
LanguagesSanskrit, Kashmiri
Time period
c. 800 CE–present (almost extinct)
Parent systems
Child systems
Gurmukhī
Takri
Landa
Sister systems
Nāgarī
Siddhaṃ
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Shrd, 319
Unicode alias
Sharada
U+11180–U+111DF
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.

The Śāradā, Sarada or Sharada script is an abugida writing system of the Brahmic family of scripts. The script was in use between the 8th and 12th centuries in the northwestern parts of India (in Kashmir and neighbouring areas), for writing Sanskrit and Kashmiri.[1][2] The Gurmukhī script was developed from Śāradā. Originally more widespread, its use became later restricted to Kashmir, and it is now rarely used except by the Kashmiri Pandit community for ceremonial purposes.

A 6th-century marble Ganesha found in Gardez, Afghanistan, now at Dargah Pir Rattan Nath, Kabul. The Sharda inscription says that this "great and beautiful image of Mahāvināyaka" was consecrated by the Shahi King Khingala.[3]

It is a native script of Kashmir and is named after Goddess Śāradā,[4] (another name for Saraswati, the goddess of learing),the main deity of the legendary Sharada Peeth temple.

The Bakhshali manuscript uses an early stage of the Sharada script.[1] The Sharda script was used in Afghanistan as well as in the Himachal region in India. In Afghanistan, the Kabul Ganesh has a 6th century Proto-Sharda inscription mentioning king Khingala.[5] At the historic Markula Devi Temple, the goddess Mahishamardini has a Sharada inscription of 1569AD.[6]

Letters[edit]

Independent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - independent vowel signs.

Dependent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - dependent vowel signs.

Consonants[edit]

Sharada script - consonant signs.

Numerals[edit]

Sharada script - numerals.

Sharada script uses its own signs for the positional decimal numeral system.

Image gallery[edit]

Unicode[edit]

Śāradā script was added to the Unicode Standard in January, 2012 with the release of version 6.1.

The Unicode block for Śāradā script, called Sharada, is U+11180–U+111DF:

Sharada[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1118x 𑆀 𑆁 𑆂 𑆃 𑆄 𑆅 𑆆 𑆇 𑆈 𑆉 𑆊 𑆋 𑆌 𑆍 𑆎 𑆏
U+1119x 𑆐 𑆑 𑆒 𑆓 𑆔 𑆕 𑆖 𑆗 𑆘 𑆙 𑆚 𑆛 𑆜 𑆝 𑆞 𑆟
U+111Ax 𑆠 𑆡 𑆢 𑆣 𑆤 𑆥 𑆦 𑆧 𑆨 𑆩 𑆪 𑆫 𑆬 𑆭 𑆮 𑆯
U+111Bx 𑆰 𑆱 𑆲 𑆳 𑆴 𑆵 𑆶 𑆷 𑆸 𑆹 𑆺 𑆻 𑆼 𑆽 𑆾 𑆿
U+111Cx 𑇀 𑇁  𑇂   𑇃  𑇄 𑇅 𑇆 𑇇 𑇈 𑇉 𑇊 𑇋 𑇌 𑇍
U+111Dx 𑇐 𑇑 𑇒 𑇓 𑇔 𑇕 𑇖 𑇗 𑇘 𑇙 𑇚 𑇛 𑇜 𑇝 𑇞 𑇟
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer Science & Business Media. p. Bakhshali Manuscript entry. ISBN 9781402045592.
  2. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Pearson Education India. p. 43. ISBN 9788131711200.
  3. ^ For photograph of statue and details of inscription, see: Dhavalikar, M. K., "Gaņeśa: Myth and Reality", in: Brown 1991, pp. 50,63.
  4. ^ "Pandits to visit Sharda temple". The Hindu. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  5. ^ From Persepolis to the Punjab: Exploring Ancient Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, Elizabeth Errington, Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis, British Museum Press, 2007 p. 96
  6. ^ Observations on the Architecture and on a Carved Wooden Door of the Temple of MirkulāDevī at Udaipur, Himachal Pradesh, Francesco Noci, East and West, Vol. 44, No. 1 (March 1994), pp. 99-114

External links[edit]

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