Świętoszów

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Świętoszów
Village
Świętoszów is located in Poland
Świętoszów
Świętoszów
Coordinates: 51°28′N 15°24′E / 51.467°N 15.400°E / 51.467; 15.400
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Bolesławiec
Gmina Osiecznica
Elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Population (III.2011) 2,036
Website [1]
Świętoszów (German: Neuhammer am Queis).Lithographic postcard sent June 22, 1918 from Glatz (Polish: Kłodsko). The postcard shows the military training ground(founded in 1898),a water tower from the early 20th century and patriotic image - Prussian soldier. Publisher: H.L.B.

Świętoszów [ɕfjɛnˈtɔʂuf] (German: Neuhammer am Queis) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Osiecznica, within Bolesławiec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland[1] in the Lower Silesian Wilderness, on the river Kwisa. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.

It lies approximately 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of Osiecznica, 26 kilometres (16 mi) north-west of Bolesławiec, and 121 kilometres (75 mi) west of the regional capital - Wrocław.

In the late 19th century the German Army created a very large training ground here. In World War I it was the site of a large prisoner-of-war camp for Russian soldiers. In 1941 the Bergmann Battalion and Nachtigall Battalion trained in Neuhammer. In World War II another POW camp Stalag VIII-E was built here, to house Polish and French prisoners. In 1942 they were replaced with Soviet prisoners, and the camp was placed under the administration of Stalag VIII-C near Żagań. At least 50,000 Soviet prisoners died here from disease, starvation and inhumane treatment, the last 200 of them killed as traitors after the war by the NKVD. A Red Army base until 1992, today it is the site of a Polish Army base, and since January 2017 also the NATO forces.

Following World War II the native German populace was expelled and replaced by Poles.

The railway station

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Coordinates: 51°28′N 15°24′E / 51.467°N 15.400°E / 51.467; 15.400