Şaphane is one of Western Anatolia’s highest mountains; at Ulugedik peak, it is 2,120 metres in height. (Another of the highest is Murat mountain, 2,309 metres high at Kartaltepe peak.)
Şaphane was shaped in the last periods of 3.Geological era, and has sedimentary, lime and ferrous-oxide material.
There are pine (at 1,500-2,000 m),oak and juniper (at 1,000-1,500 m) forests on the mountain. Fagus orientalis forests are also found in a small cluster on the northern slopes of Şaphane. Şaphane also is shelter some endemic species, like as;
- Rhododendron ponticium L. 
- Aethionema R.Br
- Allium reuterianum Boiss
- Allium reuterianum Schultes
Şaphane has deer conservation and licensed hunting zones.
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