Şirince (pronounced [ʃiˈɾindʒe]) is a village of 600 inhabitants in İzmir Province, Turkey, located about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of the town Selçuk and about 8 kilometres from Ephesus. The area around the village has history dating back to Hellenistic period (323-31 BC). Pottery finds made around the village between 2001 and 2002 by Ersoy and Gurler indicate the presence of seven villages and nine farmsteads in the area dating back to ancient and medieval times. On the road up you will see the remains of several Roman aqueducts as the village was an important water source for ancient Ephesus.
Today the village prospers through agriculture (olive oil, peaches, wine) and tourism. It is well protected and a rare and attractive example of Ottoman Christian archtectiture.
History in Ottoman times
Şirince prospered when Ephesus was abandoned in the 15th century but most of what one sees today dates from the 19th century. There is a story that the village was settled by freed Greek slaves who named the village Çirkince (meaning "Ugly" in Turkish) to deter others from following them. There is an alternative suggestion made by Cahit Tecli that the village takes its name from the nomadic Turcoman tribe which appears in Ottoman registers as Cirkin, Cirkinlu, Cirkinoglu, Cirkitali and Cirkitulu. (The village's name was changed to Şirince (meaning "Pleasant") in 1926 by the governor of Izmir Province.)
According to an Ottoman account from 1650 there were only 18 tax paying individuals in Cirkince, all of whom were Orthodox Christians. In 1699 an English priest, Edmund Chishull visited the village and says that the whole population was Christian.
A nineteenth century visitor, Arundell, who came to the village twice in 1832 and 1833, states "the village is a considerable one, of at least 300 houses, all Greek: the principal language of the village in Turkish, though they know something of their own tongue". He notes that the women "dressed in the Turkish manner, covering their faces"....and the men "all armed as the Turks, with pistols and yatagan (a type of long knife) and are renowned for having killed alot of pirates from the island of Samos". He estimated the population as "probably fifteen hundred persons".
The village was a successful agricultural community growing vines, tobacco, figs, olives and vegetables. They had sheep goats, dairy cows and bee hives.
By 1908/1909 the yearbook (Salname) states that the village had more than 1,000 houses, all inhabited by Greek Orthodox Christians. "Their mother tongue is Turkish and they speak it with an ancient dialect".
The Ottoman administration in the area continued until 1919 when the invading Greek army took control and remained in charge until 1922.
The Population Exchange
The final and drastic change in the area came with the population exchange between Greece and the newly established Turkish Republic, although many of the inhabitants had already fled. The Muslims who came were from Greece, they had no experience in growing figs or olives, only tobacco. As a result many cut down the olive and fruit trees for firewood or sold them. The incomers spoke Greek and so integration with the local Muslim population took time.
As Sirince declined Selcuk began to prosper. Until the 1950s the population of Sirince remained at 2,000- 3,000 but families increasingly moved to Selcuk.
House of Mary
A building known as the House of Mary (Ottoman Turkish: پناغى قپىلى Panaya Kapulu) was discovered in 1881 about 17 km outside of Şirince, and is venerated by Catholics as well as Muslims. Local Christians, descended from the first churches in Ephesus, already had a tradition of venerating the building.
In the 1990s the well-known Istanbul linguist Sevan Nişanyan and his wife Müjde Tönbekici settled in Şirince, which was semi-derelict. They were instrumental in having the village declared a national heritage site, and they undertook to renovate ruined historic houses using the original materials and building techniques of the village.
Since then many villagers have restored their homes and operate them as small hotels and guest houses. There is accommodation to suit every pocket and the village is well served with many restaurants.
Nisanyan also built Thethre Madrasa (in Turkish Tiyatro Medresesi), a theater institute and actors’ retreat in the manner of mediaeval Muslim seminaries. The Nisanyan Memorial Library was completed in 2013.
Nişanyan also cooperated with Ali Nesin, a prominent mathematician and philanthropist to build the Nesin Mathematics Village near Şirince. Constructed strictly along the lines of traditional Aegean rural architecture, the village offered summer courses in college-level and postgraduate mathematics. It attracted prominent lecturers from around the world, accommodating over 300 resident students by summer 2013. A philosophy school became operative on the grounds of Mathematics Village in 2014.
Doomsday safe haven
Şirince acquired world-wide fame when tourists flocked to the village in December 2012 to witness the Mayan Apocalypse, as New Age mystics believed its "positive energy" would aid in weathering the catastrophe, during the 2012 phenomenon.
- Turkey. Lonely Planet, 8th edition, p. 252.
- Fusaro, Lorraine F. (2009). "Mary's House & Sister Marie" (PDF). The Sister Marie de Mandat-Grancey Foundation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Poulin, Eugene P., "The Holy Virgin's House: The True Story of Its Discovery", Istanbul: 1999
- Chronicle of the living Christ: the life and ministry of Jesus Christ by Robert A. Powell 1996 ISBN 0-88010-407-4 page 12
- Alladi, Krishnaswami; Rino Nesin, Gabriela Asli. "The Nesin Mathematics Village in Turkey" (PDF).
- "Mayan apocalypse: Turkish village becomes latest doomsday hotspot". The Telegraph. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Mayan Apocalypse 2012: Sirince, Turkish Village, Flooded By Doomsday Believers". The Huffington Post. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Sirince Misses Crowds on Dec 21 Doomsday". Hurriet Daily News. 22 December 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Şirince.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Şirince.|
|This geographical article about a location in İzmir Province, Turkey is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|