Şirvan, Azerbaijan

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For the historical region, see Shirvan.
For the district in Turkey, see Şirvan, Turkey.
"Əli Bayramlı", "Ali Bairamly", and other variations redirect here; for other places with that name, see Əli Bayramlı (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 39°55′55″N 48°55′13″E / 39.93194°N 48.92028°E / 39.93194; 48.92028


Official seal of Şirvan
Şirvan is located in Azerbaijan
Location of Şirvan
Coordinates: 39°55′55″N 48°55′13″E / 39.93194°N 48.92028°E / 39.93194; 48.92028
Country Azerbaijan
 • MayorMardan Jamalov
 • Total72.7 km2 (28.1 sq mi)
Elevation12 m (42 ft)
 • Total85,800
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Area code(s)+994 2121

Şirvan (transliterated, Shirvan) is a city in Azerbaijan, located on the Kura River. Shirvan was called Zubovka until 1938, in 1938-1954 it possessed the status of village, and on July 28, 1954, it got the status of the hillside district. Shirvan obtained status of the city of Republican rally on January 4, 1963. The territory of the Shirvan is 72.7 km2, the population is 85.8 thousand. Population density is 1226 persons per 1 km2. The city also includes the settlement of Hajigarahmanly and Bairamly. 98.5% of the population are Azerbaijani, while others - Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Turks, and other natives.[3]


The city originated in the 19th century as the Russian resettlement village Zubovka, named in honor of Valerian Zubov, while it was known locally as Qarachukhar.[4] Throughout the history, Şirvan changed its name a few times.

In 1796, a special military squad led by General Zubov entered Azerbaijan. Yekaterina showed great interest in this march. 30 thousand troops were given to General Zubov's army. The rally began in St. Petersburg in the church, and the priests blessed the supreme commander and the Russian-Cossack forces.

General Zubov, who successfully progressed in Azerbaijan, named the village Yekaterinaserd. Two thousand Russian Kazaks were transferred here as the first event. They were equipped with military and agricultural tools. They would plant or harvest crops and caterpillars, and they would use the weapon as they wanted.[5]

The city was called Zubovka prior to 1938, then was renamed Ali Bayramli in honor of Ali Bayramov from 1938 to 2008.[6]

The city was renamed to 'Şirvan' by the decision of the Parliament of Azerbaijan on April 25, 2008.[7][8] 'Shirvan' appears to be derived from Shīr (Persian: شیر‎, 'Lion').[9]

Throughout its history, Shirvan has suffered from floods because of its proximity to the river and the relatively low elevation of most of the town.[10]


The city is the oil center of the Shirvan region, which at one time gave a significant part of the liquid fuel produced onshore. Engineering enterprises, light and food industry have been developed in the city. In addition, railway junction passes through the city.

Oil and gas production and the fuel and energy complex as a whole have been and remain the basis of the city's economy. As before, today about 90% of the gross output in the city falls to this industry.

Archeological excavations[edit]

The archaeological samples found in the vicinity of the town testify to the settlement of these lands in ancient times. On the territory on which Shirvan is located, once passed caravan routes. During archaeological excavations in 2 km from the city, in the lower part of Mishovdag, the remains of a 14th-century urban settlement were discovered. Found in the craft districts of this city, 12 pottery furnaces have been preserved in very good condition. Also here were found various objects of everyday life, and ornaments of folk crafts, carpet weaving, stone carvings and jewelry craft were preserved.[11]


Shirvan is located on the left bank of the river Kura, on the Shirvan plain, on the transport junction. The largest in Europe Shirvanskaya GRES is open in the city. The Shirvan Children's Music School has existed for more than 40 years. Situated in the east of the Kura lowland, on the left bank of the Kura, the young city of Shirvan was founded in 1954 in connection with the discovery of the Kurovdag oil field.[11]


The summer months are typically dry and very hot due to Şirvan's semi-desert climate. The temperature can rise to 44 °C often resulting in moderate drought conditions. In contrast, winter is cool but not severe, rarely going below -6 °C.[12]

Season Autumn Winter Spring Summer
Month Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul
Average maximum °C 26 19 13 8 6 7 11 18 23 28 31
Average temperature °C 22 16 12 6 4 4 7 14 19 24 27
Average minimum °C 17 11 6 2 -1 0 3 9 13 18 21
Fog Days 0 0 1 0 9 7 2 0 0 0 0
Precipitation level mm 17 37 33 25 23 40 32 33 28 20 5
Humidity % 69 77 68 76 78 80 74 70 66 61 57
Wind km/h 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 8 8
Longitude of the day hours 13 12 11 10 10 11 12 12 15 16 15
Dew point °C 16 12 6 2 0 1 3 8 13 16 18
Sum of active temperatures °C 369 186 66 0 0 0 0 117 279 417 521
Solar radiation Mj/m2 15 10 7 6 7 10 13 17 20 22 22


Administrative divisions[edit]

The municipality of Şirvan consists of the city of Şirvan and the municipalities of Bayramly, Chilpagly and Haji Gahramanly.[14] The mayor, presently Mardan Jamalov, embodies the executive power of the city.[15]



Notable residents[edit]

The city's residents include: historian Farida Mammadova, footballer Samadagha Shikhlarov and dancer Oksana Rasulova.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan Archived June 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine – World-Gazetteer.com
  2. ^ "Ali Bayramli (Şirvan), Azerbaijan Page". Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  4. ^ "Russian encyclopedia: Ali Bayramly". dic.academic.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  5. ^ "VAHİD MƏRKƏZLƏŞDİRİLMİŞ KİTABXANA PORTALI". shirvan.cls.az. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
  6. ^ "Şirvana şəhər statusu verilməsinin 50 illiyi qeyd olundu". ctv.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  7. ^ Изменились названия двух городов Азербайджана Archived 2012-02-11 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ One of Azerbaijani Big Cities to be Renamed[dead link]
  9. ^ Heptner, V. G.; Sludskij, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Lion". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats)]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 82–95.
  10. ^ "Over 40 schools suspend lessons due to floods in Azerbaijani region". en.trend.az. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  11. ^ a b GoMap. "Ширван, Азербайджан". gomap.az. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan: Shirvan
  13. ^ "Город Ширван - Азербайджан - Цены, Туры, Авиабилеты, Отели, Климат, Достопримечательности". www.unipage.net (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-09-14.
  14. ^ "Sumqayıt İnzibati-İqtisadi Məhkəməsinin yeni binası". courts.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  15. ^ "İcra hakimiyyətinin başçısı". shirvan-ih.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 18 November 2014.

External links[edit]