From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sastin bazilika 2.jpg
A basilica in Šaštín
Country Slovakia
Region Trnava
District Senica
Tourism region Záhorie
River Myjava River
Elevation 170 m (558 ft)
Coordinates 48°38′30″N 17°09′05″E / 48.64167°N 17.15139°E / 48.64167; 17.15139Coordinates: 48°38′30″N 17°09′05″E / 48.64167°N 17.15139°E / 48.64167; 17.15139
Area 41.951 km2 (16.197 sq mi)
Population 5,056 (31 December 2005)
Density 121/km2 (313/sq mi)
First mentioned 1218
Mayor Ján Hladký
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 908 41
Area code +421-34
Car plate SE
Location of Šaštín-Stráže in Slovakia
Location of Šaštín-Stráže in Slovakia
Location of Šaštín-Stráže in the Trnava Region
Location of Šaštín-Stráže in the Trnava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Šaštín-Stráže
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: http://www.msu-sastinstraze.sk

Šaštín-Stráže (German: Schoßberg-Strascha, Hungarian: Sasvár-Morvaőr, Turkish: Şaşvar) is a town in the Senica District, Trnava Region in western Slovakia. Originally two separate villages, now it is one of the youngest towns in Slovakia, having received town privileges on 1 September 2001.


The Hungarian name of Šaštín (Sasvár) consists of two parts: sás (sedge) and vár (castle). The Slovak name is similar: šáš (šašina, šáchor, present also in other Slavic languages – a sedge)[1] and týn (initially a fence, later also a small medieval fort). The name Stráže (guards) refers to a historic settlement of border guards.[2]


The town lies in the Záhorie lowlands, around 18 km (11 mi) from Senica and 65 km (40 mi) from Bratislava. The Myjava River flows through the town, dividing the town's two parts.


The first written mention about Šaštín-Stráže was in 1218. In the Middle Ages this settlement was part of the Székely border defense of the Hungarian Kingdom. Therefore, the village has historical connections with the Székely ethnic group. The town went under the direct control of Ottoman Empire in 1663, following the Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664) and was the center of a sanjak in Uyvar Eyalet. It was referred as Şaşvar under Turkish control by the Ottoman Turks. Although the town's two parts, Šaštín and Stráže nad Myjavou were for long two separate villages, their history is closely connected to each other. The villages merged in 1961 under name Šaštínske Stráže, changed in 1971 to the current name.


According to the 2001 census, the town had 5,005 inhabitants. 95.44% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 2.06% Roma and 1.50% Czechs.[3] The religious makeup was 88.45% Roman Catholics, 7.31% people with no religious affiliation, and 1.34% Lutherans.[3]


Šaštín-Stráže is one of the most important Marian shrines in Slovakia. Several pilgrimages are held there annually, especially on Pentecost and Our Lady of Sorrows Day (15 September).[4]


  1. ^ Ondruš, Štefan (1996). "Slovo šaš nepochádza z maďarčiny" [The word šaš does not come from the Hungarian language] (PDF). Slovenská reč (in Slovak) (2). 
  2. ^ Závodný, Andrej (2007). "O názvoch riek a potokov na Záhorí" [About river and creek names in Záhorie]. Záhorie (in Slovak) (1). 
  3. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 25 December 2007. 
  4. ^ "Národná bazilika Panny Márie" [Roman Catholic Church in Slovakia]. Retrieved 8 September 2008. 

External links[edit]