Arsenije IV Jovanović Šakabenta
|Arsenije IV Jovanović Šakabenta
Арсеније IV Јовановић Шакабента
|Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs|
|Church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|See||Metropolitan of Karlovac|
|Successor||Joannicius III of Constantinople|
|Birth name||Arsenije Čarnojević|
Peć, Ottoman Empire
|Died||18 January 1748 (aged 50)
Sremski Karlovci, Habsburg Monarchy
Arsenije IV Jovanović Šakabenta (Serbian Cyrillic: Арсеније IV Јовановић Шакабента, Serbian pronunciation: [ǎrseːnije t͡ʃětʋr̩ːtiː]; 1698 – 18 January 1748) was the Patriarch of Serbs from 1725 to 1737 and Metropolitan of Karlovci from 1737 to his death in 1748. He commissioned the Slavic heraldic bearings called Stemmatographia.
Only Arsenije's date of birth, 1698, is known. He had a younger brother, Andrija, who was a priest and a sister who married Prince Atanasije Rašković. Arsenije was consecrated bishop in 1722 at a very young age. He was appointed Metropolitan of Novi Pazar and was the successor to Patriarch Mojsije (Petrović). Patriarch Mojsije enthroned Arsenije IV himself on February 18/29 in 1725.
Arsenije continued the policies of his predecessors. He traveled extensively and negotiated with the Austrians in order to liberate his people from Turkish rule. When the Turkish-Austrian war broke out, the Serbs rebelled against the Turks. The Turks wanted to capture and kill Patriarch Arsenije IV, but he escaped. After the Austrians were defeated, Arsenije escaped to Austria along with many other refugees. After the peace treaty was signed the Turks retained the city of Belgrade, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia[clarification needed] under the all-encompasing yoke of Kosovo Vilayet, and the members of the ruling body of the Ottoman Porte—to add insult to injury—selected and appointed a new patriarch in Peć, Joannicius III (Karadža), from their trusted Phanariotes.
The Austrian government continued to recognized Arsenije IV as the patriarch and gave him administrative authority of the Metropolitanate of Karlovci, a position in which he had difficulties maintaining Serbian privileges.
Treaty of Belgrade
With the 1739 Treaty of Belgrade which ended the Austro-Turkish War, 1737-1739, the Kingdom of Serbia ceased to exist. The Ottoman sultan deposed the pro-Serbian Patriarch of Peć Arsenije IV and in his place appointed the Greek Joannicius, who took the title of Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of the Serbs. The entry of Patriarch Arsenije IV Jovanović into Belgrade was symbolic of many things in the minds of simple folk (the transformation of man into an ideal, into an example, etc.). The entry celebrated the long-awaited arrival of Arsenije IV, the Patriarch of Peć, into Belgrade to take up the position of spiritual leader of the Orthodox faithful in Austria.
Arsenije IV commissioned Pavle Nenadović, a clergyman and poet from the town of Karlovci, to compose a heraldic handbook, Stemmatographia (meaning "the drawing of ancestry" in Greek). This heraldic album was modelled after a book of the same title on Slavonic heraldic bearings, engraved in 1701 by Croatian poet Pavao Ritter Vitezović (who modelled his Stemmatographia after an older version of Slavic heraldry composed by Mavro Orbini). Arsenije IV's Stemmatographia was perceived by some as an illustrated political programme that was supposed to act both as a verification of the Serbian historical past and as a clear geo-political statement of the lands belonging to the Serbs in the Balkans. His intention, however, was educational, and for this work he hired three people: Hristofor Zhefarovich originally from Dojran as an artist; German-born Thomas Mesmer as an engraver; and clergyman Pavle Nenadović as a poet. Arsenije IV was well aware of the power of communuication that printed imagery had in those early days of the printing press and the art of engraving. His Stemmatographia was widely distributed among the Serbian villages and towns in the then Habsburg-occupied Serbian lands, and in Imperial Russia where Serbian colonies existed. (The letter from Arsenije IV, written and dated 19 June 1743, demanding a wide distribution is kept in the Archiepiscopal Archives Sremski Karlovci under the presswork B-1743-68).
The previous Patriarch Arsenije IV moved north to the Habsburg Monarchy along with many Serbs, in what is known as the Second Serbian Migration. Arsenije IV became Metropolitan of Karlovci, maintaining however deep connections with the Serbs who remained in the Ottoman Empire, particularly the Kosovo Vilayet, now under the Phanariote jurisdiction of Joannicius. Joannicius remained Patriarch of Peć until 1746, when, burdened with debts due to his high-living, he was forced to sell the title to pay his creditors. He was succeeded by Atanasije II (Gavrilovic).
- R. Aubert (2000). "Joannikios III". Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques 27. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. 1379-80. ISBN 2-7063-0210-0.
- Dr Dušan Popov, Karlovačka mitropolija, Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveska 10, Novi Sad, 1998.
|Orthodox Church titles|
|Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs
Joannicius III of Constantinople
|Metropolitan of Karlovci