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|Region or state||Lithuania, Poland|
|Created by||Bona Sforza or the Yotvingians|
Lithuanian šakotis or raguolis, Polish sękacz ("tree cake"; literally "branchy") is a Polish-Lithuanian traditional spit cake. It is a cake made of butter, egg whites and yolks, flour, sugar, and cream, cooked on a rotating spit in an oven or over an open fire.
The cake became popular during the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1791). Its origins are attributed to either the Italian Queen Bona Sforza of Poland or the Baltic tribe of Yotvingians. The Yotvingians, first mentioned in 5th century B.C. as neuri, well known as great warriors and hunters, while Bona Sforza is known to have implemented many agriculture, infrastructure and manufacture reforms.
Its name means "branched tree" or "tree with many branches" due to its distinctive shape (it is often conical, like a pine tree, and with the drips as branches). It is baked in a time- and labor-intensive process, by painting layers of dough onto a rotating spit in a special open oven or over an open fire.
It can be decorated with chocolate and flower ornaments, but it is often served plain. Šakotis is one of the most important desserts in Lithuanian celebrations, especially at weddings or other special occasions such as Christmas.
Other regional varieties
- Baumkuchen - Germany
- Kürtőskalács - Hungary
- Trdelník - Czech Republic and Slovakia - also with a PGI status
- Sękacz - Poland
- Spettekaka - Sweden
- Gâteau à la broche - France
- Skalický trdelník
- Lublin cuisine
- Podlaskie cuisine
- List of desserts
- List of Polish desserts
- List of spit-roasted foods
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- Baker, Mark; Presser, Brandon; Dragicevich, Peter; Richmond, Simon; Symington, Andy (2012). Lonely Planet Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania. Lonely Planet. p. 43. ISBN 9781743213049.
- Lietuvoje pasiektas rekordas: iškeptas didžiausias pasaulyje šakotis