Šamac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Šamac

Шамац
Skyline of Šamac
Location of Šamac within Republika Srpska
Location of Šamac within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 45°03′38″N 18°28′3″E / 45.06056°N 18.46750°E / 45.06056; 18.46750Coordinates: 45°03′38″N 18°28′3″E / 45.06056°N 18.46750°E / 45.06056; 18.46750
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorSavo Minić (SNSD) [1]
 • Municipality177.54 km2 (68.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
5,390
 • Municipality
17,273
 • Municipality density97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)54
Websitewww.opstinasamac.org

Šamac (Serbian Cyrillic: Шамац, pronounced [ʃâmat͡s])[2] is a town and municipality located in the northeastern part of the Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,390 inhabitants, while the municipality has 17,273 inhabitants.

It is situated on the right bank of the Sava river. Across the river is Slavonski Šamac in Croatia.

It is also the birthplace of Alija Izetbegović, who was the first president of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[edit]

The city was founded by Bosnian settlers from Ottoman province of Smederevo in 1862. It was part of the Ottoman province of Bosnia by the time it was annexed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1887.[citation needed] After World War I, the city became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. From 1929 to 1939, it was part of Drina Banovina; and from 1939 until 1941 it was part of the Banovina of Croatia. During World War II, Šamac, as all the rest of Bosnia-Herzegovina, was included into Nazi-controlled Independent State of Croatia. After 1945, the city was reintegrated within the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Tito's Yugoslavia.

In the early stages of the Bosnian war the town was occupied by Bosnian Serbs who established the provisional municipal government. Most Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats were ethnically cleansed.[3][4] During the war, a semi-permanent front line was established against Croatian and Bosniak forces towards the neighboring Orašje. In 2003, three Bosnian Serb town leaders at the time of the Yugoslav Wars were sentenced in ICTY for crimes against humanity.[5]

The town lies on an important strategic position in Republika Srpska, near Brčko. As with most other places under Serb control, Srpska authorities removed the "Bosnian" adjective from the town's official name and changed it to "Šamac". Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats continued to refer to it by its historical name of "Bosanski Šamac" (Serbian Cyrillic: Босански Шамац, pronounced [bǒsanskiː ʃâmat͡s])[2] causing tension among the inhabitants. A court order had the official name changed to simply Šamac removing any ethnic divisions in its previous names.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Šamac, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194837,512—    
195344,269+3.37%
197131,374−1.89%
198132,320+0.30%
199132,960+0.20%
201317,273−2.89%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Šamac has 17,273 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1971
Population
1991
Population
2013[6]
Serbs 14,230 13,628 13,256
Croats 14,336 14,731 2,426
Bosniaks/Muslims 2,192 2,233 1,265
Yugoslavs 481 1,755 -
Others 135 613 326
Total 31,374 32,960 17,273

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[7]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 84
Mining and quarrying 40
Manufacturing 426
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 31
Distribution of water and water waste management 19
Construction 5
Wholesale and retail, repair 417
Transportation and storage 182
Hotels and restaurants 117
Information and communication 6
Finance and insurance 20
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 57
Administrative and support services 7
Public administration and defence 176
Education 248
Healthcare and social work 122
Art, entertainment and recreation 8
Other service activities 7
Total 1,972

Sport[edit]

The local football club, FK Borac Šamac, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From Centralna izborna komisija Bosne i Hercegovine Archived 2006-12-21 at the Wayback Machine — in Serbo-Croatian
  2. ^ a b Mangold (2005:212)
  3. ^ War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina: Bosanski Samac — Six War Criminals Named by Victims of “Ethnic Cleansing”, Human Rights Watch, April 1994
  4. ^ FACE TO FACE WITH EVIL, Time magazine, May 13, 1996
  5. ^ International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (Trial Chamber II): Prosecutor v. Blagoje Simic, Mirolsav Tadic and Simo Zadic (October 17, 2003) Archived February 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

References[edit]

  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.
  • Mangold, Max (2005), Das Aussprachewörterbuch, Duden, ISBN 9783411040667

External links[edit]