|Municipality||Ukmergė district municipality|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Šešuoliai is a small town in central Lithuania. It is located just east of the Lake Šešuoliai. According to the census of 2001, it had 189 residents. The town's central square and street layout is protected as an urban monument.
Its alternate names include Šašuoliai, Šešuolių, Shesholi, Sheshuolyay, Sušuoliai, Szeszole, and Szeszole.
The town was first mentioned in the Chronicle of Hermann von Wartberge when it was attacked by the Livonian Order in 1334. Since the times of Grand Duke Vytautas, there was an estate, which became a property of Kristinas Astikas. Sometime before 1478, Šešuoliai passed to the Bishop of Vilnius. Bishop Walerian Protasewicz sponsored construction of a Catholic church and establishment of a parish. Protasewicz also directed the priests to open a parish school, but it is known only from 1777. The settlement grew into a town and center of a volost. The town burned down in 1656 during the Russo-Polish War. Šešuoliai recovered; the church was reconstructed in 1698 and 1751. The priests sponsored a parish school and a shelter for the poor. Šešuoliai Manor had a library and alcohol distillery. During the interwar years it was briefly owned by Jonas Variakojis. Today it is a school building. The town had 100 residents in 1814, 64 in 1845, 169 in 1890, 317 in 1923, 156 in 1959, 193 in 1970, 123 in 1979.
In the summer of 1941, a number of Jews from the town were marched to -they were told Želva. They were murdered by local Lithuanian nationalists on the outskirts of the forest as soon as they left the shtetl.
- Vilniaus apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai (PDF) (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. p. 104. ISBN 9955-588-04-7.
- (Lithuanian) Jonas Zinkus; et al., eds. (1985–1988). "Šešuoliai". Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija. IV. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 174. LCC 86232954.
- United States Board on Geographic Names – Lithuania – Šešuoliai. Accessed January 27, 2014.
- Kviklys, Bronius (1965). Mūsų Lietuva (in Lithuanian). II. Boston: Lietuvių enciklopedijos leidykla. pp. 516–517. OCLC 3303503.
- Semaška, Algimantas (2006). Kelionių vadovas po Lietuvą: 1000 lankytinų vietovių norintiems geriau pažinti gimtąjį kraštą (in Lithuanian) (4th ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. p. 482. ISBN 9986-509-90-4.
- Media related to Šešuoliai at Wikimedia Commons