|Traditional region||Lower Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|• Total||1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||371.3 m (1,218.2 ft)|
Šentpavel (pronounced [ʃɛntˈpaːʋəl] or [ʃəntˈpaːʋəl]; in older sources Sveti Paul or Šent Pavel, German: Sankt Paul) is a settlement in the hills southeast of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Šentpavel is named for the local church, dedicated to Saint Paul. The settlement is also known as Šempav in the local dialect (resulting in the demonym Šempavec and the adjective šempavski). The name of the settlement was changed from Šent Pavel to Šentpavel in 1955. In the past the German name was Sankt Paul.
A level area on Molnik Hill, west-southwest of the village, suggests that a fortification may have stood here in the past. South of the village is the ruin of a house known as Anžek. It has a hole in the ground lined with stones where flax was scutched in the past. During the Second World War a Partisan group known as the Molnik Company (Slovene: Molniška četa) was stationed on Molnik Hill.
On 4 July 1945 a detachment of Yugoslav military police (KNOJ) abducted eight men from the village and murdered them in the forest between the Reka River and the hamlet of Razore in the village of Zagradišče. Their bodies were discovered buried in two pits in the woods. The villagers wanted to rebury them in the Šentpavel cemetery, but the bodies were taken away by the authorities and reburied anonymously, presumably in a mass grave at Saint Ulrich's Church in the Ljubljana neighborhood of Dobrunje. A memorial to the victims was erected in the village cemetery on 15 July 1990.
The local church is dedicated to Saint Paul and belongs to the Parish of Sostro. It is a single-nave church with an apse with late Gothic painting. Its architecture attests to a medieval origin. It has a bell-gable, a wooden portico, and a walled cemetery. It was remodeled in the 17th century and the main altar with a painting of Saint Paul was created in 1878 by Štefan Šubic (1820–1884). The chancel was rebuilt and painted in 1668. The walls are decorated with remnants of images of the twelve apostles, and winged symbols representing the four evangelists decorate the vault. A side altar dedicated to Saint Wolfgang dates from the end of the 17th century.
Notable people that were born or lived in Šentpavel include:
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 21.
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 108.
- Ljubljana municipal site
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 367.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Kržan, Vanja. 2010. "Mi pa oznanjamo Kristusa, križanega (1 Kor 1,23)." Zaveza 42 (25 February). (in Slovene)
- Žajdela, Ivo. 1991. Komunistični zločini na Slovenskem, vol. 1. Ljubljana: ČZP Novo Jutro, pp. 136–137.
- "Pojdimo v Šentpavel" at druzina.si (in Slovene)
- Ložar, France & Ivanka Kozlevčar. 2011. "Mačkova ideja za ovekovečenje Svetega Urha" Zaveza 66 (18 July) (in Slovene)
- Društvo za zamolčane grobove in stranke slovenske pomladi. 1994. Letter to the editor. In: Naša skupnost (Ljubljana) 35(8) (29 November): 4. (in Slovene)
- Žajdela, Ivo. 1990. "Komunistična grobišča na Slovenskem." Tribuna: študentski časopis 39(18):8–11, p. 9. (in Slovene)
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 2290
- Kuret, Niko. 1981. Jaslice na Slovenskem: kulturnozgodovinski in narodopisni oris. Ljubljana: Družina, p. 285.
- Cultural heritage sign at the church.