Šipan

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Šipan
ŠIPANSKO POLJE.JPG
View from Pakljena on Šipan
Croatia - Elafit Islands - Sipan.PNG
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
ArchipelagoElaphiti Islands
Area16.22 km2 (6.26 sq mi)
Length9.1 km (5.65 mi)
Width2.6 km (1.62 mi)
Highest elevation243 m (797 ft)[1]
Highest pointVelji Vrh[1]
Administration
CountyDubrovnik-Neretva
Demographics
Population419 (2011)

Šipan (pronounced [ʃǐpan]) also Sipano (Italian: Giuppana) is the largest of the Elaphiti Islands, 17 km (11 mi) northwest of Dubrovnik, Croatia; separated from the mainland coast by the Koločepski Channel; area 16.22 km2 (6.3 sq mi);[2] The island is 9.1 km (5.7 mi) in length, and up to 2.6 km (1.6 mi) in width. It is the largest island in this group and its highest point is 243 m (797 ft) above sea level. Two limestone crests, the higher (Velji Vrh, 243 m) in the northeast and the lower in the southeast surround a dolomite depression, on which olives, figs, vine, carob-trees, almond-trees, oranges and citrus fruit are cultivated.

The island's population is 419 (2011).[3] There are two ports on the island, Suđurađ (San Giorgio) in the east, and Šipanska Luka (Porto Gippana) in the west. The island is also famed for its numerous palm tree species that grow on the island.

It was first mentioned by this name in documents of 1371.[4]

In 1426 it became part of the Republic of Ragusa.[5]

During the French Revolutionary Wars, the British Royal Navy referred to it as Zupano. On 17 June 1813 a landing party of marines and seamen from HMS Saracen captured the French garrison.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Glamuzina & Glamuzina 1999, p. 89.
  2. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. doi:10.15291/geoadria.127. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  3. ^ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2017 (PDF) (in Croatian and English). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2017. p. 45. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  4. ^ Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, p. 369, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
  5. ^ Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, 1354–1804 at Google Books

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Šipan at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 42°43′43″N 17°52′33″E / 42.7286°N 17.8758°E / 42.7286; 17.8758