Šipan

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Šipan
ŠIPANSKO POLJE.JPG
View from Pakljena on Šipan
Croatia - Elafit Islands - Sipan.PNG
Geography
Location Adriatic sea
Archipelago Elaphiti Islands
Area 16.22 km2 (6.26 sq mi)
Length 9.1 km (5.65 mi)
Width 2.6 km (1.62 mi)
Highest elevation 243 m (797 ft)
Highest point Velji Vrh
Administration
County Dubrovnik-Neretva
Demographics
Population 436

Šipan (pronounced [ʃǐpan]) also Sipano (Italian: Giuppana) is the largest of the Elaphiti Islands, 17 km (11 mi) northwest of Dubrovnik, Croatia; separated from the mainland coast by the Koločepski Channel; area 16.22 km2 (6.3 sq mi);[1] The population is 500, the island is 9.1 km (5.7 mi) in length, and up to 2.6 km (1.6 mi) in width. It is the largest island in this group and its highest point is 243 m (797 ft) above sea level. Two limestone crests, the higher (Velji Vrh, 243 m) in the northeast and the lower in the southeast surround a dolomite depression, on which olives, figs, vine, carob-trees, almond-trees, oranges and citrus fruit are cultivated. There are two ports on the island, Suđurađ (San Giorgio) in the east, and Šipanska Luka (Porto Gippana) in the west. The island is also famed for its numerous palm tree species that grow on the island.

It was first mentioned by this name in documents of 1371.[2]

In 1426 it became part of the Republic of Ragusa.[3]

During the French Revolutionary Wars, the British Royal Navy referred to it as Zupano. On 17 June 1813 a landing party of marines and seamen from HMS Saracen captured the French garrison.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, p. 369, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
  3. ^ Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, 1354–1804 at Google Books

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Šipan at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 42°43′43″N 17°52′33″E / 42.7286°N 17.8758°E / 42.7286; 17.8758